Hunan

湖南省
Húnán Shěng
abbreviation:(pinyin: Xiāng)
capital Changsha
surface

- entire
- Portion of
the VR China

rank 10 of 33

,210,800 km ²
2.21%

Population

- entire 2001
- Density

Rank 7 of33

64 400,000 inhabitants
306 Einwohner/km 2

administrative type province
Lage von Húnán Shěng in China
ISO 3166-2 - code CN-43
district level of 13 cities, 1 autonomous district
area level of 65 circles, 34 urban districts, 16 cities, 7 autonomous circles
district level 1,146 municipalities, 1,098 greaters, 226 road quarters, 98 nationality municipalities, 8Office area places

Húnán (chin. 湖南) one is already since the Kaiser era existing province in the People's Republic of China. Hunan is because of the central run of the Jangtse. In the south Hunan is limited by the mountains Nan beautiful specified by Guangdong Kwang tung. Except inNortheast is Hunan of low mountain courses pulled through and disintegrates such into several singular basins. For instance in the center the Hengshan, the southern of the earlier five holy mountains of China is appropriate for the province.

The largest rivers flow all to the Jangtse.The Siangkiang (or Hengkiang) rises in Guangxi and arrives below Tsüantschu after Hunan, right from this flows Lui ho, on the left of of it the Tsekiang. In Guizhou the Yuánjiāng rises and Lit schui (or Feng tschui). All three rivers flow into thatBasin Tung ting hu in the northeast of the province. This over 5.500 km ² large sea is only at present the large inundations of the Jangtse during the summer so large, at other seasons consists it only of the three river courses and some specifiedsmaller rivers. All leave together the basin with Jo-tschou and flow to about 10 km below into the Jangtse.

The capital of the province is Changsha. The name of the province therefore comes that Hunan lies south the Donting lake (湖, pinyin Hu= lake; 南, pinyin Nan = the south). Already since the Yuan and Ming dynasty, when Hunan and Hubei were summarized in the province Huguang, it plays an important role during the rice supply of the country. Hunan is one the most fruitful andbest watered provinces of China. Beside rice also the production of dte and cotton plays important role.

Neighbour provinces: Guangdong, Guangxi (autonomous region), Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi and Chongqing.

Important cities are: Changsha (province capital), Changde, Chenzhou, Hengyang,Huaihua, Loudi, Shaoyang, Xiangtan, Yiyang, Yongzhou, Yueyang, Zhangjiajie and Zhuzhou.

The Chinese revolution leader and founder of the People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong, were born as a farmer son in the village Shaoshan south the province capital Changsha.

Wulingyuan


 

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