the hurricane Wilma was the 21. storm designated and the twelfths hurricane in the Atlantic hurricane season of the yearly 2005. Thus the records existing so far were stopped from the years 1933 (21 storms) and 1969 (12 hurricanes). Further became thereby also for the first time since introduction of the alphabetical names for hurricanes in the year 1953, which letter reaches W of the name sequence.
|maximally reached category||5|
|duration||15. - 25. October 2005|
|maximum diameter||800 km|
|highest central hoist||295 km/h|
|highest gusts of wind to||340 km/h|
|deepest core pressure|| 882 hPa|
(19. October. 2005 14:00 Central European Summer Time)
|States of concerned||Jamaica, Haiti, Nicaragua, Mexico, Cuba, Florida (the USA), Honduras, Belize and Costa Rica|
|damage||8 - 12 billion USD (unconfirmed estimation)|
|dead one (indirect) after States of|| 1 Jamaica|
6 (+ 2) Mexico
7 (+15) Florida (the USA)
after Katrina and Rita was Wilma the third hurricane of the highest category 5 of the Saffir Simpson hurricane scale in the year 2005. Thus there were since beginning of the recordings in the year 1851 three hurricanes of the category 5 in one season, only in the years 1960 and 1961 arose for the first time up to then two eddy towers of the highest category.
In addition hurricane Wilma was the strongest eddy tower, which was registered to date in the Atlantic. With one to 19. October measured core pressure of 882 hPa it undercut hurricane Gilbert from the year 1988, which was core pressure the lowest, which was ever measured in a hurricane. Only with Taifunen still lower core pressures were determined. The record for all tropical eddy towers the Taifun tip holds, with by 12. Octobers 1979 only 870 were measured hPa.
In addition with hurricane Wilma the so far strongest air pressure waste per measured was registered within 24 hours with 98 hPa. To the comparison: With Taifun Forrest was measured in September 1983 in the northwest Pacific a decrease of pressure of 92 hPa within 24 hours.
With a maximum middle wind velocity of 295 km/h and gusts of wind to 340 km/h Wilma became to 19. October 2005 classified under the highest category 5. Hurricane Wilma exceeded the devastating hurricane Mitch, which likewise strengthened in October 1998 in the region, thus in all technical interests.
Table of contents
developed for Wilma to 10. October 2005 southwest from Jamaica from an old weather front, which extended from the west Atlantic into the Karibik. Showers and thunderstorms were formed to 24. Tropical low pressure system of the season 2005 and to 17. October was up-gradated this low to the storm Wilma. To 18. October reached Wilma hurricane strength category 1, developed itself under an enormous intensification thrust and reached less than 24 hours later the highest category further 5. Within one period from 24 hours became from a strong tropical storm with wind velocities of approx. 110 km/h a devastating hurricane with hoists of 295 km/h.
Wilma hit a northwest course and moves with a course speed of 9 to 13 km/h towards the northeast point Yucatáns . To 20. October weakened itself the eddy tower somewhat and under category 4 was classified. The general complex reached nevertheless about the size of Germany.
To 21. October against 17.00 o'clock (Central European Summer Time) went to Wilma at the Yucatán pre-aged island Cozumel ashore (middle wind velocity about 230 km/h) and drew with an only very small course speed of approximately 6 km/h to the north direction Cancún. The course speed was so small that Cozumel broad themselves about 2 hours with sunshine and zero wind in approximately 50 km eye of the hurricane found. With it Cozumel was met in the year 2005 already for the second time directly by a hurricane, after already hurricane Emily here to 18. July its Landfall made.
Bis zu dem 22。 October moved Wilma only very slowly over the northeast Yucatáns away. Afterwards Wilma reached the gulf of Mexico easily weakened on category 2.
To 24. October reached the eddy tower the Inselgruppe Florida key, meanwhile again to a hurricane of the category 3 up staged, with hoists of at least 120 km/h. According to statement of the national institute for hurricane it had not fulfilled itself hope that he would diminish again. At the night hoist with top speed by 193 km/h were measured. The Landfall occurred with Cape Romano between the cities Naples and Everglades in the collier County at the southwest coast of Florida with hoists to 200 km/h according to statement of the U.S. National Hurricane center. After approximately 6 hours it left the peninsula of Florida as category 2 and could thereafter over the gulf stream unexpectedly on category 3 intensify itself again.
To 25. October weakened itself Wilma appreciably, even if still far coast regions with stormy Ausläufern were subjected. At the end of October and/or. At the beginning of November brought Wilma, meanwhile a low on the North Sea, to rains to Europe.
strong rainfalls at the edge of Wilma released Jamaica first particularly on the island, in Haiti as well as at the coasts of Honduras and Nicaragua inundations and landslides. In Haiti 12 humans died with a landslide, in Jamaica cost the hurricane a further human life.
to 21. October came it on the peninsula Yucatán to destroying damage. In many Mexican localities the state of emergency was proclaimed. On weekend the hurricane of trees on Yucatán, destroyed houses entwurzelte and flooded roads. In the vacation center Cancún were located the tides meter high in the hotel quarter, to 24. Octobers stuck still roughly 20,000 tourists in emergency accommodations, partly the 4. Night in consequence. According to statement individually there was hardly still sufficiently to food, water and no river. In the city debris and rubble drove long heavy damage by flooded roads, Wilma three days had arranged. On the pre-aged island Cozumel was reported by 4 dead ones, 2 humans died with a gas explosion, which was released in Playa del Carmen by the violent hoist. After further reports at least 4 further victims are to have to be deplored in Mexico.
on the early morning 24. October pressed the hurricane solid waves on Cuba, the water flowed up to 4 road courses far into the capital Havanna. To meet the Malecon coastal road and many regions flooded during itself Wilma got ready to on Florida. The administration of Cuba had evacuated over 625.000 humans from the west of the country and in security had brought.
during the storm Cuba had only touched, prepares the U.S. Federal State Florida on the Landfall of a hurricane of the category 3 forwards. However most inhabitants ignored instructions for evacuation of the authorities, which counted on high up to 5 a Flutwelle meters. In the morning the storm whipped keys over the Florida away, left sea waters in the roads and caused power failures in far parts of the islands. Against daybreak it met the current supply the coast close of the city Naples, damaged thousand houses and robbed about 6 million humans. Airports were closed and at the east coast, like e.g. in Miami, according to data of the disaster control still more damage were arranged. In Florida by 6 further victims one reported, one expected already in first messages alone for the peninsula damage in billion height.
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