ISU valuation system for ice art run and ice dancing

ISU valuation system for ice art run and ice dancing (English. ISU Judging system for Figure Skating and Ice Dancing) is a document set, which regulates the evaluation from ISU organized competitions in the single run , pair run and ice dancing.

The first international ice art run matches took place in the year 1882 in Vienna , according to the match order, that so-called. Regulation. It became from the text book of the Jackson Haines' pupil - Dr. Body, Wirth and Diamantidi „traces derived on the ice “, which had been published in the year 1881.

This regulation took over later also the ISU and in such a way the rules developed, which apply in the reason until today. To clearer changes it came with the introduction of the short program and with the conversion of the relationship in the evaluation of obligation and cure.

To table of contents

„the old “system

„6,0 the system “up to the world championships 2004 one used. The evaluation took place from price judges in the scale 0-6:

6 perfect and faultlessly
5 very well
4 property
3 average
2 weak
1 very weakly
0 run

for the further distinction of the valuation one did not use decimal places (e.g. 1,2 - 3.8 - 5.5)

each participating country and/or. each certified federation (international) placed for each to discipline a price judge. Were used however only 9 price judges, who were drawn lots. From the assigned point values suppl. abbott itself in each case the accordingly assigned place index.

„the new “valuation system

around the subjectively evaluated kind of sport ice art running more transparent and more objective to arrange, developed the ISU a new valuation system, replaced for the season the 2004/2005 „the old “system, which receives now than “ 6.0-System” its place in history, internationally. The valuation system (English. ISU Judging system) of the international ice run union is the basis a perfectly new computation of the match results. With the employment of a digital video system in the match the price judges are put into the position to regard and evaluate thus more objectively elements repeated.


the three main functionaries, who regard the competition to supervise and the program items, which are accomplished by the ice art runners, are the technical tester, the technical specialist and the technical specialist assistant. All must possess highest knowledge over single, pair run, ice dancing or synchronous ice run with consideration to the technical aspects.

The nominated technical specialists, technical specialist assistants and technical tester must be, if it is possible, from the different ISU members.

technical specialist

the technical specialist (English. Technical Specialist) determines those, from the ice art runner accomplished elements and their difficulty level (if necessary). The difficulty level of certain elements is fixed by the ISU valuation system. The work of the technical specialist permits the price judges to concentrate on censoring the quality of each element in the program of an ice art runner.

  • All technical specialists are former national or international ice art runners or coaches and participate weekly in ice art runs.
  • The technical specialists were nominated from a group of the coaches, ISU/internationalen price judge and the ISU/internationalen Referee.
  • They may not be younger as 24 and not older than 65 years. In the case of an ice art runner the distance between completion of the amateur career and a nominating must become at least 2 Saisonen.

The position of the technical specialist requires high responsibility, highest knowledge and honesty. The work of each technical specialist is examined after each competition. Each technical specialist, who judged against the rules in relation to the ISU rules, is removed immediately from the list of the technical specialists.

Tasks of the technical specialist

  • recognizing and designation of the accomplished elements;
  • Recognizing and designation correct level accomplished elements;
  • Recognize the not-permitted elements;
  • Recognize the creative element addition;
  • Recognizing and cancellation of the additional elements.

The designation of the elements of the technical specialists is supervised by the technical tester and even if necessarily corrects; if however the two technical specialists are against this correction, has its output decision existed.

technical tester and technical specialist assistant

the technical tester (English. Technical CONTROLLER) and the technical specialist assistant (English. Assistant Technical Specialist) help to place the technical specialist and surely that all potenziellen errors are repaired immediately. The technical tester can reject the statement met by the technical specialist, if the technical tester thinks that the element did not become correctly determined (designated). Everyone of these individuals is supervised with the competitions by tape and video photographs.

  • The qualification of a technical tester must be either a member of the ISU technical commission, or a ISU Referee, ISU price judge or an international Referee.
  • The technical tester can replace a technical specialist, if he is not for urgent reasons able to continue its tasks.

(If necessarily) the statements,

  • the input of the name and the difficulty levels of the accomplished elements of the technical specialists supervises and repairs tasks of the technical tester (a selection); if however the two technical specialists are against this correction, its output decision remains.
  • authorized or the cancellation of the elements corrects;
  • authorized or the recognition of the not-permitted elements corrects;
  • confirmed or creative element addition corrects;
  • confirms the cancellation of the additional elements;
  • participates in the winner honour;

The technical specialist assistant intervenes only in emergency. Its/your advice is however requested, if it comes between the technical tester and the technical specialist to the Zwiespalt.

  • The technical tester sits beside the technical specialist and the technical specialist assistant. With the technical specialist and that data operators is connected he by a language connection (headphone). Its place is equipped with Touchscreen, if possible.

data operator/Replay operator

data an operator must possess good computer abilities and with Touchscreens be wohlbewandert. He is recruited from a number of the ice art runners, coaches, price judges and Referees.

Data gave up operators

  • entering the elements mentioned;
  • Enter difficulty level of the elements mentioned;
  • Correcting the elements or difficulty levels after the instruction of the technical tester;
  • Enter premium, which was instructed of technical tester;

The data operator sits beside the technical tester and the technical specialist and has a good overview of the ice surface.

  • With the technical tester and the technical specialist he is connected by a language connection (headphone).

The Replay operator (the video admission repeats) sits beside the price judges. With the technical tester and the technical specialist he is connected for the headphones by.


of the Referee is a person, who is responsible for the match, in relationship with all questions and decisions related to the ISU rules.

Gave up a Referees (a selection)

  • gives to the music responsible person the signal for starting the music
  • permitted if necessary. to repeat the sportsman the start;
  • the ice running can postpone, if the public interrupts the match or its regular process handicapped;
  • can a sportsman from the match exclude, if it is necessary and justified; as well as a price judge or a functionary replace;
  • participates in the winner honour.

It sits between the other price judges along the ice-skating rink side. The Referee has a Touchscreen available, a telephone intercom and a Walkie Talkie .

price judge

the price judges (English. Judges) concentrate completely on the evaluation of the quality of each individual element and the quality of the five program components. Their notes are based on specific criteria for each element and supply a complete estimate of the abilities and the achievement of each ice art runner.

The jury consists of 12 price judges, by whom coincidentally 9 is pulled. The evaluation of these 9 price judges forms the result. The highest and lowest are deleted by these 9 evaluations and the average is taken by the remainder. (weighted means)

obligations of a price judge

  • on-line evaluation
    • Benotung of the quality of each accomplished element/part (ice-dance) with „the degree of execution “(English. Degrees of OF Execution, briefly - GOE);
    • Benotung of the five of other components
      • of ice run talent
      • of liaison vehicles
      • foot work and Timing (only for obligation dances)
      • presentation/execution
      • Choreographie/composition
      • interpretation
  • off-line evaluation
    • for each individual participant are produced the evaluation still in the paper version;

All price judges sit along the gang on the long side of the ice-skating rink with a free view of the ice surface. Direction ice, the price judge No. 1 sits on furthest the left side. A Touchscreen with video repetition system is to each price judge at the disposal. All necessary information is to be seen on the screen.

technical result

accomplished if an ice art runner an element, marks it the technical specialist, supervised from the technical tester and its respective point value on the screen of each price judge is indicated.

The price judge arranges then the quality of the element within the range from +3 to -3. The sum of the basic value, which is added to the execution of each accomplished element to the weighted means of the degree, results in then the total result of the element (English. Totally element Score). Such elements, like Pirouetten and signal element sequences, are to be assigned to a difficulty level.

value scale

the value scale (English. Scale OF VALUEs, briefly SOV) contains basic values of all elements and regulations for the quality of its execution. The value scale table (English. Scale OF VALUEs Table) of the elements for single run, pair run and ice dancing is annually published by the ISU and can be changed by a ISU communication.

All documents are pdf files on English

difficulty level

the technical specialists specifies the name and the difficulty level (English. Level OF Difficulty) of each element.

  • Elevations and death spirals (pair run), Pirouetten, steps and spirals (single and pair run) are divided, dependent in 3 levels on their difficulty: Level 1 - simplest, level 2 - more difficult and level 3 - most difficult execution of an element.
  • When ice dancing all elements are divided, dependent in at least 3 levels on their difficulty.

A description of the characteristics, which give a certain difficulty level to an element, is published and updated in the ISU communications.

All documents are pdf files on English

degrees of execution

during a program evaluate the price judges each element within a range from +3 to -3 (i.e. +3, +2, +1, basic value, -1, -2, -3). As the first one evaluates the positive side of an element, which can to increase and follow the basic value departures if any error arise. Everyone + or - degree has its own numeric value, which is noted in the value scale table. This value is caused or taken off to the basic value. The guidelines of the evaluation are published and updated by ISU communications.

program components

of in addition to the technical result, divide the price judges points on a scale from 0 to 10 with addition of 0.25 for the 5 program components (English. Program Components) too, in order to gradate the entire representation of the execution. The program components are the following: Ice run talent, liaison vehicles, presentation/execution, Choreographie/composition and interpretation.

Amazingly 10
distinguished 9
very well 8 about 75%
property 7
above average 6
average 5 about 50%
acceptable 4
weak 3 about 25%
weak, welfareless 2
very welfareless 1

in the ice dancing has the obligation dances of only 4 program components: Ice run talent, Timing, presentation/execution and interpretation. That is, because the obligation dances pre-defined the steps. Timing is thus the most important factor with an obligation dance.

  • Some factors, as below is described more exactly, are to be noticed, if the price judges evaluate each component.

The jury result for each program component is reached, by calculating the weighted means of the results of price judge for each program component. The jury result is multiplied still with factors, in order to make sure that those are approximately balanced total result of the elements and result for program components and the results become two decimal places rounded.

  • The highest possible valuation for everyone of the five program existence hurrying is 10,00 points. Maximally point gain for all five components is thus 50 points.
  • Whole points divide further on quarters, i.e. each price judge can give points for each Bestendteil the value from 0.25 to 10.00, dependent on the implemented achievement.
  • important errors show up particularly in the evaluation of the component „presentation/execution “

ice run talent

the ice run talent (English. Skating Skills) is way, which an ice art runner/a pair uses for the movement on the ice. One evaluates thereby the technical clarity, quality of the edge run, speed and continuity of the ice running.


  • Equilibrium and a rhythmic knee work, precision of the foot work;
  • a lighter river
  • clarity and security with the deep edge run; steps and turns;
  • the energy and acceleration;
  • Ice run in several directions;
  • Ice run on a foot;
  • balanced mastering of the technology with both partners, harmonious and synchronous execution of the program (pair run, ice dancing)
  • utilization of the whole ice surface (obligation dances)

liaison vehicles

the liaison vehicles (English. Transition) are all movements, positions, foot work and attitudes, which connect the elements. To notice one also entrances and exits of the technical elements must.


  • Variety, difficulty and quality of the liaison vehicles;
  • Difficulty, creativity and quality of the connecting steps;
  • Originality and difficulty the intake and discharge from the elements;
  • harmonious and synchronous execution (pair run, ice dancing)
  • general quality
  • equilibrium and teamwork between the partners (pair run, ice dancing)
  • variety of the dance attitudes, precise foot work (trace pictures - ice dancing)


with the presentation (English. Performance) one must estimate, how an ice art runner/a pair is able, music and Choreographie obligingly/pleasingly to explain and obliging/pleasing impression by conscious and intentional body movements impress. At the time of execution (English. Execution) one evaluates quality of the movements, body attitude and equilibrium of the accomplished elements. This includes harmony of the movements when pair run and ice dancing.


  • physical, emotional and intellectual projecting;
  • Quietly and individuality;
  • harmonious and synchronous body movement (pair run, ice dancing);
  • Variants of the speed;
  • balanced execution with both partners (pair run, ice dancing);
  • conscious division of the area of both partners - the distance between the partners, harmonious attitude changes (pair run, ice dancing)


the Choreographie (English. Choreography) is an intentional, prepared and original arrangement all movements, which in agreement with the unit, the area, which is structure and the expression.


  • Idea, intention;
  • Creativity and originality;
  • even distribution of the elements on the ice surface;
  • meaningful and intentional connection and tying;
  • Utilization of the personal and total area;
  • Agreement of the elements, the steps and the movements to the music;
  • Harmony and unisono (pair run).


the interpretation is personale and creative translation of the music tendency and - a character in the motion on the ice.


  • easy movements with agreement to the music;
  • Representation of the music tendency, the music character and - rhythm;
  • a relationship between the partners, which the music represents;
  • Agreement of the elements, the steps and the movements to the music;
  • Suitability and suitability of the piece of music (original and cure dance)
  • ice running in the music rhythm (cure dance).


Timing is ability of a pair of ice dances to represent the rhythm when running the prescribed trace pictures in the obligation dances in the time with music correctly.


  • Ice run to the so-called. „heavy “stress (Beat)
  • ice run in the time with music
  • ice run the prescribed rhythms
  • begin the ice dance in the correct clock.

final result

the total result of the element and the multiplied results for the Programmbestendteile result in the final result after the departures for possible error.

The results from the short program and the cure (or from the obligation, original and cure dance) are added and form then the final result of an ice art runner/a pair on the competition.

EiskunstläuferIn or pair with the highest result wins.



of case two or several participants (single runner, pair) same rank gotten, is crucial in the short program the total result of the elements, in the case of a cure decides the result for program components. Even if these results are alike, all get same rank.


of case two or several participants (single runner, pair) the same result received for all parts of the competition, is platziert the sportsman/the pair, who () had the highest result in the last segment, as the first (first). Even if these results are alike, all get same rank.

publishing the results

the results from all parts of the competition or the championship must be published immediately, after which all participants terminated the respective part. In the end of each competition the final result must be made accessible for all participants.

see also

to sources and Web on the left of


  > German to English > (Machine translated into English)