the church IL Gesù in Rome (also Jesuskirche) is the nut/mother church of the 1534 by Ignatius of Loyola based and 1540 of Pope Paul III. confirmed Jesuitenordens. Like the Peter cathedral also IL Gesu exerted eminent large influence on the church architecture of the baroque , it is considered as the prototype of the Jesuitenkirche and your building structure was model for countless baroque fronts and in particular Jesuitenkirchen in completely Europe as for example pc. Michael in Munich.
Commencement of construction of the church sketched by Giacomo Barozzi Vignola was there in the year 1568, and although the church was already used in the holy year 1575, it took further nine years up to the first consecration 1584.
sketch and external opinion
typical for the churches of the IL-Gesù-type are lateral a ton-curved nave with a light-through-flooded crossing-cupola and to the nave attached chapel niches. Model for it was those approximately hundred years older church Sant' Andrea in Mantua. In the sketch of IL Gesù shows itself (similarly as with the Peter cathedral) the adaptation of the Zentralraumgedankes of early Renaissance architecture with the then new liturgical requirements of the Tridentinums.
Giacomo della Porta sketched a front crowned by a Dreiecksgiebel for IL Gesù, with which the broad basement was verziert by a Kolossalordnung with four Doppelpilastern and over it Voluten covered the bent roof of the nave.
Web on the left of
- the church IL Gesù (Italian and English)