Ilyushin Il-18 is a four-engined passenger airline of the Soviet manufacturer Ilyushin. The type is equipped with a retractable chassis , turbo-propane impulse and a pressurized cabin. The first flight found to 4. June 1957 under test pilot Vladimir Kokkinaki instead of.
Aeroflot demanded in the middle of the 1950er years a new airplane for 75 to 100 passengers. Constructing on to production stage arrived the never types Ilyushin Il-12 understood it Ilyushin 1957 the requirements appropriate sample to show. The basic version, of the 20 machines were manufactured had place for 75 passengers. It was supplied starting from 1959 to Aeroflot. Afterwards the Il-18B for 84 passengers was manufactured. Existed further versions, which differ in Bestuhlung and range. Largest variant was the Il-18D for 122 passengers.
Aeroflot and the Soviet Air Force used about 600 machines of this type, 100 further were exported. After the end at Aeroflot as passenger plane a number of machines to reconnaissance aircraft Ilyushin Il-20, as flying control station Ilyushin Il-22 and to submarine fight airplanes Ilyushin Il-38 was converted.
a set of machines still is in the employment. Altogether 193 cells until today remained (conditions: 22. March 2005)
technical data Ilyushin Il-18D
- length: 37.40 m
- height: 10,17 m
- span 35,90 m
- wing area: 140 m ²
- drive 4 Iwtschenko AI-20M to ever 3169 KW
- unloaded weight: 35000 kg
- of max. ones. Takeoff weight: 64000 kg
- of maximum speed: 675 km/h
- service ceiling: 10000 m
- range: 6500 km
note: Already 1946 gave it to prototypes, which likewise carried the designation Ilyushin IL-18, see in addition Ilyushin Il-18 (1946)