Ilyushin Il-28


Ilyushin Il-28 (NATO code name: Beagle) was a Soviet twin-jet front bomber aircraft, which was produced in large numbers of items. Countries, in which it was located except the USSR in the employment, were among other things Afghanistan, Egypt, Albania, the ČSSR, the GDR, Finland, Indonesia, Nigeria, Poland, Romania and Hungary. In China it was likewise manufactured in large quantity as Harbin H-5 under license.

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first drafts existed for the spring 1947, forerunner model was the Il-24, which was based again on the Il-22. The first prototype started to 8. July 1948, flown of Vladimir Kokkinaki, to the first flight and was equipped with two British Rolls-Royces Nene turbines.
After the work and state testing the series production began 1949. The first copies received still the RD-45F engine, which however soon by the higher performance Klimow WK-1 one replaced. The Soviet Union used this type about 15 years long in the most different variants.
In the GDR with this type the Pirna of 014 engines of the 152, the first and only East German of Passagierflugzeuges was tested. The turbine was thereby under the trunk.


the Il-28 was a cantilever complete metal airplane with a circular trunk. Behind the pilot seat were five self sealing fuel tanks. The navigator as well as the pilot were not equipped with ejection seats, the tail contactors.
The ungepfeilte wing was connected to arrangement in shoulder-wing monoplanes - with the trunk and possessed a negative arrow form of the Flügelhinterkante. The tail unit was likewise cantilever, however swept.
The nose gear wheel was doubly bereift and could be drawn into the trunk, while the simply bereiften main wheels brought in into the engine pods.


  • Il-28U

execution for the pilot training. The vitreous cockpit of the navigator was replaced thereby by a full-disguised nose, behind the cab for the flight instructor was the normal cab for the pupil. First flight prototypes to 18. March 1950.

  • Il-28R

clearing-up version with three to five row image sets depr. 32/20 and 12-18 shining or lightning bombs. Some machines received also a radome under the trunk. The chassis possessed larger wheels. Contrary to the standard design the Il-28R received only one instead of two 23-mm-Kanonen in the fuselage nose. Ersflug to 19. April 1950.

  • Il-28T

likewise 1950 published torpedo variant with extended bomb pit. It was used by Soviet sea-flier armed forces.

  • Il-28S

modification with Klimow WK-5 engines and around 35° swept bearing areas. 1949/50 test, however not in series built.

  • Il-28SA

special version for the investigation of the terrestrial atmosphere.

  • Il-20 (Il-28P)

an unarmed execution, which was originally used from Aeroflot to the training of civil pilots on jet aircraft. Later then than post office and freight machine on the distance Moscow Swerdlowsk Nowosibirsk assigned.

technical data

tear design of the Il-28
Characteristic of Il-28 Il-28U
conception front bomber aircraft trainer aircraft
span 21.45 m 21.45 m
length 17.65 m 17.65 m
height of 6.70 m 6.70 m
wing area 60.80 m ² 60.80 m ²
empty weight 12,890 kg of 12,500 kg
of takeoff weight normally 21,200 kg
of maximally 23,200 kg
of normally 17,000 kg
of maximally 21,000 kg
drive two radial-flow turbine air
of jet engines
Klimow WK-1
with ever 26.46 kN takeoff thrust
two radial-flow turbine air
of jet engines
Klimow WK-1
with ever 26.46 kN takeoff thrust
maximum speed at ground level 800 km/h
in 4.500 m height of 902 km/h
in 4.500 m height of 910 km/h
cruising speed 770 km/h 700 km/h
landing speed 185 km/h -
rate of climb 15 m/s 15 m/s
ceiling of 12,500 m 12,200 m
range 2,180 km 2,260 km
take-off distance 875-965 m 500 m
landing distance 960-1,170 m 400 m
climbing time 6,5 min on 5.000 m height
of 21 min on 10.000 m height
of 18 min on 10.000 m height
of armament two rigid 23-mm-MK NS-23 in the nose
(80 shells)
two mobile 23-mm-MK NS-23 in the tail
(200-225 shells)
bomb load 1.000-3.000 kg -
to crew 3 3

see also

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