Verlauf des Indus
process of the Indus
Flussbett of the Indus with Skardu

of the Indus (Sanskrit, सिन्धु, M., Sindhu) is at 3180 km the longest river on the Indian Subkontinent and most important river of Pakistan.

It develops in the Transhimalaya in Tibet outthe confluence of Gletscherbächen, and flows through afterwards Tarbela artificial lake (254 km breaks through the Himalaya ²; 13.69 km ³) and the Punjab as well as Pakistan. There it forms below Hyderabad a delta of 7.800 km ² and flows afterwards into the Arab sea.In its central run the river is basis for extensive irrigation plants for the agriculture. There the largest agricultural irrigation area of the earth is supplied by a multiplicity of dams and channels. In the central and underflow the river mA-changes very strongly. A contractbetween India and Pakistan (Indus Water Treaty, 1960) the water supply regulates. The quantity of the led water varies strongly because of the monsoon rain.

Before the division of India into the today's States of India and Pakistan the Indus stood only courseat cultural and economic meaning after. It gave also the name “India” to the country, derived from “Sindhu”. When the Perser the name took over, they formed “Hindu” as term for country and people in the area of the river. In the Greek one fallsthe “h” out. For “, that designation, which the Romans for the entire Subkontinent, develops Indus” used and which today's India its name gives.

The early Indus culture in the valley of the Indusflusses, one of the oldest civilizations of the world, is called also Indus civilization.The Indus marks the outermost eastern border of the realm of Alexander the large one. With its army it pulled the Indus down there.


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