Industrialization

This article overlaps thematically with [[Industrielle revolution ]] {{#if: | and [[{{{3}}}]]}} {{#if: | and [[{{{4}}}]]}}. Help to define or combine the articles better from each other. You find a guidance for the use of the collecting main and a list of the past multiple entries under Wikipedia: Article to the same topic. There please expresses you, before you remove the component. Sandra citizen 02:39, 15. Mär 2006 (CET)

beginning

the industrialization began first in England during 18. Century. Here was the absolutism and the basic rule in former times as in other countries of Europe loosened, obligation to join a guild did not give it at all contrary to German countries. Thus the conditions for the freer propagation of the trade , the capital formation and the technical renewal were put. Milestones were the invention of the steam engine 1712 by Thomas Newcomen, as well as of spin machines, mechanical loom and the Puddelverfahrens during the Eisengewinnung. Important was also the invention of the steam engine and the first public railways. England became therefore the motherlandthe industrialization under private-economical, capitalistic conditions. Later it spread gradually into the other countries of Europe and North America.


Conditions: - England war eine bedeutende See-, Handels- und Kolonialmacht - Gute Verkehrslage, d.h. kurze Wege zum Meer - Gute Rohstoffvorkommen, vorallem Erz, Kohle und Wolle aus Kolonien - Agrarrevolution -> freiwerdende Arbeitskräfte - Verbesserung der Bewirtschaftung durch Fruchtwechsel -> Ertragssteigerung / Landflucht - Bevölkerungszunahme -> increasing demand for textiles - Improvement of the medical supply


--> consequence: - wachsende Nachfrage von Bekleidung - großes Angebot an Arbeitskräften -> Mechanization of the textile industry


The term Industrielle revolution particularly stands therebyfor the first phase of the industrialization.Arnold Gehlen explained it for the most important revolution of the productive forces since the “neolithischen revolution “, since thus the transition of the chase, collecting and fishing as agriculture and cattle breeding to the Jungsteinzeit forwardsabout. 10,000 years.


One follows the sector organization of Jean Fourastié (see three-sector hypothesis, sector of the economy) - “primary sector” of the raw material extraction (agriculture, cattle breeding, promotion of Bodenschätzen), “secondary sector” of the processing, “tertiary sector” of the services, already: “Quartärer sector”the leisure economy, “Quintärer sector” of the refuse economy - in such a way in all sectors processes of industrialization arose, historically on the basis of the secondary sector.

decrease

since the number of industrial workers in many in 20. Societies ( service companies “) industrialized century relativelyremarkably sinks, in the sociology also of De-industrialization one speaks. Former industrial plants and buildings are often received as industrial monuments.

From the industrie to the leisure center: The interior port in Duisburg
Innenhafen Duisburg: Früher ein Getreidespeicher, dient heute als Kneipe oder Museum
interior port Duisburg: In former times a Getreidespeicher, serves today as tavern or museum
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Today's meaning

the industrialization is used nowadays also as symbol for the standardisation /automation of procedures/processes. One would like to mark by it the change of an individual activity relating to crafts to a standardized industrialized activity. As example is here the software development mentioned: with programming no article in the conventional sense is manufactured. The production of the product software can be understood in many companies as activity relating to crafts, since it is made everyone times differently and individually. A goal thatIndustrialization is to be standartisieren it common manufacture elements, so that they can be used more effectively, more productively and homogeneously. Only if the individual phases are characterized, can e.g. Parts as Offshoring activity to be delivered. Also one sees industrialization in the term frequentlyEnvironmental problem.

 

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