as an infantry one designates fighting federations of soldiers to foot. The infantry was used in its history differently, forms however nowadays at most armies the large basis of the armed forces. It carries the main load in combat, and is however nevertheless versatile applicable. Becamein former times above all a large number of foot soldiers as an infantry designation, stands the term nowadays for a certain kind of soldiers in an army, of great importance for which mobility and impact force are. Within this branch of service the military training places an extremely large physical andpsychological challenge, since very much value is set on variety. An outdated name for the infantry is also foot people, this term becomes nowadays frequently to a spöttischen Konnotation related.

Table of contents

employment list

in 17. up to 19. Century infantry armies became particularly as large masses of foot soldiers into the fightsent. The advancement of the Feuerwaffen and the goal of obtaining a maximum of fire effect led in 17. Century to line tactics as main combat form of the infantry. Due to higher rate of fire, larger ranges and better accuracy of fire of the new hand weapon generation this new tactics developed up to the year 1792 toothe Tirailleur in such a way specified - or column tactics further, which coins/shapes the picture of countless battles of this time up to the French-German war 1870/71 as engagements form. With the arising of multi-loaders now contactor combat became in the form of skirmish line and contactor swarm the main combat form of the infantry. The infantry operatesusually in achtköpfigen groups.

training and armament

each infantryman are trained in house fight , close combat and territorial fight.

The weapons of the modern infantry are various:

additionally still have most infantry federations heavyWeapons such as mortar (cannon) or antitank defense guided weapons.

spectrum of use of the infantry

the strength of the modern infantry in the mobility and speed lies there, is not suitable it not for large attacks in battalion strength. It becomes therefore for tasks like covered operations, structureand stops opponents blocked by lines of defense or destroying assigned. In times of peace the infantry carries service out in the security.

employment difficulties

infantry employments are in each case from as short a duration as possible. Infantrymen do not have possibilities, itself before attacks, like chemistry weapon delivery, air raids or artillery bombardmentto protect over longer time. In many countries therefore one researches how one can improve protective mechanisms and other aids, in order to hold the soldiers longer time in the employment. In Germany in addition the program infantryman of the future runs. In France, Great Britain, and inthe USA a portable weapon is developed, which unites storm rifle , garnet thrower , sight and laser goal marking/ camera with one another. The advantage is here in the reduced space requirement, weight and increased protection of the soldier. The German Federal Armed Forces are already now by means of the rifle “G 36” able,a weapon as storm rifle to begin as precision weapon and as garnet throwers. That orders Swiss army exactly the same as sniper rifle with the Stgw 90 over a storm rifle, as can be used also as garnet thrower (GWA). The Füsiliere of Swiss army uses VICTORY the storm rifle 90 with laser pointer,Sight, Bayonett and garnet thrower essay.

history of the infantry

17. - 18. Century

historical goes the designation infantry on the Infantin Isabella Clara Eugenia, daughter of the king Philipp II.from Spain to beginning 17. Century back. On their instruction the recruitedFoot people was armed and practiced on a new kind and called the Infantin in honours “infanteria”. This new troop continued to differ depending upon armament and use in the heavy and the light infantry.

In the German-speaking countries the infantry term dips for the first time in the year 1616 asgeneral designation of foot troops up. To date the designations “Fussvolck”, “Kriegsvolck to foot”, the “foot farmhand”, “the Hauffen usual to foot” and “the land farmhands “were for evenly these. The use and the value of these foot troops were in the war history of different importance. Already inThey often carried antiquity the main load of the fight. Apart from few exceptions, the Reiterei generally only supporting tasks came. During the Middle Ages however the knight keel of the fight was, it formed whole knight armies. Only Swiss caused 1386 by the battle with Sempacha turn. With mirror-image meals and controversy axes well prepared, tautly organize and trained, were superior it shown foot troops the knights. This organizational form of the infantry was called heaps of force. The effect of the heap of force was based itself on the striking power closed forward of moving measures. The decision was looked for in the attack.In this way the Spaniards 1485 successfully led their foot people against the Mauren. They became model for other European armies. The infantry developed to the “crown of all weapons”.

As creators of the German infantry emperors Maximilian I. become. and George von Frundsberg outstandingly. They were thosemost important leader and supervisors of the land farmhand armies. With them the modern war nature began. With increasing reemergence of an important rider weapon and introduction of firearms the form of the Gevierthaufens developed as defensive list at the foot troops.Arkebusiere, Füsiliere and Musketiere were the first fire weapon carriers of the infantry.

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19. Century

1825 undertook Zar Nikolaus I. first the attempt to combine Kavallerie and infantry in a branch of service. The Dragoon corps developed. The attempt failed, because the corps neglected the infantry tasks. About 1885 took this attempt to England and placedin individual its colonies and protectorates mounted infantry up. So the entire armed force of the Buren in the fight against England can be characterized as a mounted infantry.

In 19. Different armies their infantry soldiers differentiated century into the following troop units:

20. Century

in 20. Century develops the infantry ever more to the primary weapon of the fight. So is among other things in the regulation for the German infantry of 1906, still during the entire 1. World war validity had to regain, the value at that time of this branch of service: “ThoseInfantry is the primary weapon. In the association with the artillery it fights by her fire the opponent down. It alone breaks its last resistance. It carries the main load of the fight and brings the largest victims. But you also the highest fame sign. “
This value as battlescrucial weapon kept also in 2. World war of far its validity. However the infantry was not in the new age of the tanks and the airplanes any more the primary weapon and the queen of the battleground, probably however still the queen on their battlefield. After this war took place within thatRearmament of Germany the break with the “unit infantry in such a way specified” for “particularly enable infantry”.

infantry in Germany after 1950

like that is the infantry of the German Federal Armed Forces today no longer into the usual branches of service of the hunters, the paratrooper, the mountain hunter and thatInfantry differentiably. It represents nowadays a branch of service group, which consists of the past special capabilities and specializations of the hunters, mountain hunters and paratroopers. It is to be compared no longer only with the conventional light infantry units, these at present typically by the armored infantry of the German Federal Armed Forces is supplemented.

The German infantry of the German Federal Armed Forces is thus a very strongly specialized branch of service of the German army, whose soldier will have over an enormously high requirement potential and with the system infantryman of the future in the future the world-wide best infantry equipment. In the context of its completion of the order and theirSpectrum of use co-operate they partly (the paratroopers) so also closely with the command of special forces (KSK) .

Due to its high mobility, it places the forces of the first hour (“reaction force” ) to their state of training, their high-quality equipment, their new vehicles and hand weapons in the entire task spectrum above all as well as middle forcesfor employments with small and middle operations (“stabilization forces”) in the context of the international crisis management ready. The control of the tasks of the general infantry fight forms further the common basic capability of the entire infantry.

  • With the paratroopers as core of the specialized forces of the army in the division special operations(DSO);
  • the structure of a new airmobile hunter/infantry regiment until 2007, which is tactically associated to the second special division , the division airmobile operations (DLO);
  • and the mountain hunter brigade 23, which is used further with priority for employments under extreme area and climatic conditions,

a contribution becomes the improvement of the reactivityin the entire task spectrum performed.

A special form takes the infantry security of the Air Force. Since German Air Force their mechanisms themselves to protect has, as a component Air Force Air Force safeguard troop formed, which on the one hand an independent and variously applicable federation, which possesses Objektschutzbattaillon of the Air Force, on the other handin addition, particularly skeletonized and assigned relays in each air base. For their respective tasks the soldiers of the LwSichTr are trained in the infantry security, air defense in the security, fire protection, ABC protection, weapon investigation and - removal.

see also

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