Island

Hawaii (of the west eastward: Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui and Kahoolawe)

an island is a land mass, which is surrounded by water completely, but not when continent applies. Also by humans artificially providedBuildings (bridges, Fahrdämme) do not change the island characteristic, if nature provided up to then for the complete water environment.Sylt is thus still an island. The Peloponnes is accordingly a peninsula - although a channel the land tightness and connectionto the Attika cuts through.

Some countries still extended this definition. So may be spoken in Canada only then of an island, if on a piece country a tree grows. This definition is there necessary, since only on islands are builtmay.

One differentiates two kinds regarding the situation from islands:

  1. Oceanic islands, which often rise as a component of midocean backs, freely from the continent from the sea, usually volcanos or atolls (Koralleninseln)
  2. continental islands, which rest on the continental shelf.

A furtherconceivable distinction would be according to the kind of waters in:

  1. High sea-island, like e.g. Helgoland and/or. Sea or sea island
  2. lake island
  3. Flussinsel

table of contents

Large islands

the largest islands of the world
Island situation of surface in km ² alternative source
1. Greenland North Atlantic 2.175.597 -
2. New Guinea southwest Pacific 786,000 771,900
3. Borneo west Pacific 743,107 746,951
4. Madagascar Indian ocean 587,042 586,500
5. Baffin island North Atlantic 476.068 507.451
6. Sumatra of northeast Indian ocean 473,605 425,000
7. Honshū Japanese sea (east sea)/Pacific 230,316 227,414
8. Great Britain in the northwest of Europe 229,883 216,777
9. Ellesmere island arctic ocean 212,688 196,236
10. Victoria island arctic ocean 212,199 217,290
11. Sulawesi (fr. Celebes) west Pacific 189.034 -
12. South island of New Zealand south Pacific 150,461 153,947
13. Java Indian ocean 126,884 134.703/118.000
14. North island of New Zealand south Pacific 114,688 -
15. Cuba Caribbean sea 114,525 105.007/110.861


Helgoland (1890-1900)
the largest German islands
Island situation of surface in km ²
1. Rügen Baltic Sea 930
2. Usedom Baltic Sea 445 (373)
3. Fehmarn Baltic Sea 185
4. Sylt North Sea 99
5. Föhr North Sea 83
6. North beach North Sea 50
7. Pellworm North Sea 37
8. Poel Baltic Sea 34
9. Borkum North Sea 31
10. Norderney North Sea 26
11. Amrum North Sea 20

geoscientifically interesting islands in the Wikipedia

used topics

the prison island Alcatraz in the bay of San Francisco
Fakaofo atoll (Tokelau)

see also

Wiktionary: Island - word origin, synonyms and translations
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)