International criminal court for former Yugoslavia

the international criminal court for former Yugoslavia (English.: Criminal tribunal for the molders Yugoslavia, ICTY ) with seat into the Hague is international by resolution 827 of the UN security council of 25. May 1993 created Ad-hoc-criminal court.It is responsible for the pursuit of heavy crimes, which were committed starting from 1991 on the territory former Yugoslavia - during Yugoslavia and/or. the Kosovo war.

Shortening the speech is frequent in the media from the UN-war crimes tribunal.

Table of contents

mandate

the competence of the criminal court extends to the criminal pursuit of:

Itcan accuse only individuals, not however organizations or governments and sentence. Processes can be led only against personally present ones, had accused as maximum penalty lifelong imprisonment to expect. The execution of sentences takes place in one of the states, which explained themselves in contracts with the United Nations ready,Condemned to receive.

organisational structure

the criminal court consists of the court administration, responsibly also for the Scheveninger Gefängnistrakt, in which the suspected ones sit in remand, an accusation authority as well as the arbitration boards.

Chefanklägerin Carla del Ponte during a lecture to the Université de Lausanne in April2005 (on the large photos at this time volatile Mladić, Karadžić and Gotovina)

of the accusation authority manage an independently working chief prosecutor. This - on suggestion of the UN Secretary-General - is appointed by the UN security council. Present Chefanklägerin is Swiss Carla del Ponte, the 1999had followed the Kanadierin Louise Arbour. Before it the South African smelling pool of broadcasting corporations gold clay/tone ( 1994-1996) held this post - that as first chief prosecutors selected Venezolaner Escovar Salom had originally called off in the long run.
Up to the restructuring in September 2003 they were at the same time also chief prosecutors of the second UN-tribunal, for thosePursuit of the genocide in Rwanda responsible ICTR.
Indictments must be by one the judge examined and confirmed before them to become effective.

16 judges selected by the UN general assembly belong to the Court of Justice, who distribute themselves on altogether four arbitration boards. They select that from their rowsPresident of the criminal court - at present the Italian Fausto Pocar, which replaced the American Theodor Meron in November 2005. Before this Claude Jorda (1999-2002) had this position the Frenchman, the US American Gabrielle Kirk McDonald (1997-1999) as well as the Italian Antonio Cassese (1993-1997).

Deputy president is at presentthe Australian Kevin Parker.

Beside the firm judges at any time further 9 (from a pool with altogether 27 judges) is available for the temporary reinforcement for individual processes. Three of the chambers negotiate in first instance. Fourth is an appointment< b/>chamber; it consists of fiveJudges of the ICTY and two of the ICTR and this function for both UN-tribunals exercises at the same time. The respective president of the criminal court is at the same time also a chairman Richter of the appointment chamber.

the most important accused

since then the criminal court in December 1994 his activity fully to take up knew,judicially confirmed indictments against 161 suspected were withdrawn published, 133 of it appeared themselves (obligatorily or voluntarily) with the tribunal, 6 are volatile, in the remaining cases the accusation.

Special interest excited in February 2002 the process begun against Slobodan Milošević, Yugoslavia as well as Serbiaformer president, who deceased in March 2006 still during the process in remand.
In the legal judgements of the criminal court it came to 40 debt and 6 acquietals (all data: Conditions 13. March 2006; linked Az leads to the appropriate Case information Sheet of the ICTY).

  • Milan Babić - (judgement: 13 years detention; Suizid in March 2006; Case IT-03-72)
  • Tihomir Blaškić - (judgement: Erstinstanzlich 49 years detention; in the appointment to 9 years reduces; prematurely 2004 from the detention dismisses; Case IT-95-14)
  • Rasim Delić (waiting for process on free foot; Case IT-04-83)
  • Ante Gotovina (remand; Case IT-01-45)
  • Ramush Haradinaj (waiting for process on free foot; Case IT-04-84)
  • Momčilo Krajišnik (remand; Process since Febr. 2004; Case IT-00-39&40)
  • Sredoje Lukić (remand; Case IT-98-32)
  • Milan Martić (remand; Process since dec. 2005; Case IT-98-32; see also: Military operation Bljesak)
  • Slobodan Milošević (March 2006 deceased in remand; Process ran since Febr. 2002; Case IT-02-54)
  • Mile Mrkšić (remand; Process for October. 2005; Case IT-95-13/1)
  • Naser Orić (remand; Process for October. 2004; Case IT-03-68)
  • Biljana Plavšić (judgement: 11 years detention; Case IT-00-39&40/1)
  • Miroslav Radić (remand; Process for October. 2005; Case IT-95-13/1)
  • Željko Ražnatović, better admits than Arkan (murdered in January 2000;IT-97-27)
  • Vojislav Šešelj (remand; Case IT-03-67)
  • Veselin Šljivančanin (remand; Process for October. 2005; Case IT-95-13/1)

at present still volatilely

literature

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