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Interpretive journalism one calls a form of the journalism, which gives the possibility to the reader by interpretation of the current events and messages as well as by extension around background informations to form an opinion in addition.
In contrast to the opinion journalism, which takes position to the topics themselves, the interpretive journalism tries to report objectively and to quote therefore several points of view. The journalist knows however by selection and order of these points of view under-smolder-lies nevertheless a certain opinion to represent.
the interpretive journalism is a relatively new form of the journalism. It took its beginning briefly in the USA after the First World War, when first magazines appeared, which began to report deeply on certain events. These magazines became popular particularly after the world economic crisis 1929, when many humans over background this crisis to be informed wanted. Into the 1950er - and 1960er - years it was established finally also in newspapers, later also in the radio and on the television. Today it is the dominating and usually-outstanding form of the journalism.
Starting from years the interpretive journalism mixed itself the 1990er in particular in the World Wide Web with the opinion journalism, a tendency, which seizes also the traditional media slowly.
the message forms characteristics
of the interpretive journalism the basis for the interpretive journalism. As a result of adding extended information from different sources arises the interpretation of the journalist, who is as objective as possible and for who readers arrange the background of the event.
In the interpretive journalism the selection of the sources is particularly important. A high-quality interpretive article contains sources of various kind and particularly from various points of view. Here the opinions of Protagonisten, in addition, of experts, entangled into the message, who are familiar with the respective topic, play an important role.
the category par excellance of the interpretive journalism in printed media - in newspapers and in particular in magazines - is the background report. It gives an overview of the development to a current event and shows different points of view, among them from the Protagonisten of the event - e.g. Politicians - as well as of experts and partly also of other journalists. The report is rounded off by data and statistics, as well as for the 1980er years often also by diagrams, which represent the events simplified.
The interview is an important source for background reports and reports. In the indirect or mixed style it refers also background informations and personal impressions of the journalist also. The difference between both forms is that the interview lets the asked one come in the indirect style mainly in indirect speech to word, while with the mixed style the journalist only partly supplements the question answer pattern typical for interviews by further information.