Irish from Eibl Eibesfeldt

Irish from Eibl Eibesfeldt (* 15. June 1928 in Vienna - Döbling) is a Austrian behavior researcher and Ethnologe.

Irish from Eibl Eibesfeldt a pupil of Konrad is Lorenz and built with this as well as with Ilse Prechtl and Wolfgang Schleidt first the Max-Planck research centre for comparative behavior researchin Buldern /Westphalia and later (starting from 1956) the institute for Max-Planck for behavior physiology in sea-meadows /Bavaria up. It operated extensive research to the Ethologie and Humanethologie, among other things to the border between innate and learned behavior with animal and humans as well as to Universalien in the human behavior.He is an author of numerous books and further publications and founders of the Humanethologie than independent branch of research.

From 1945 to 1949 studied Irish from Eibl Eibesfeldt Zoologie and Botanik at the university Vienna and at the biological station Wilhelminenberg, it took the teaching profession examination for natural history and physicsand became the Dr. phil. attained a doctorate.

Afterwards it (until 1950) went to old person mountain (Lower Austria) to private Institut for behavior research from Konrad Lorenz. With this it changed 1951 to the developing Max-Planck research centre for comparative behavior research to Buldern (Westphalia) and afterwards to the again gegründenten institute for Max-Planckfor behavior physiology in sea-meadows /Bavaria. Starting from 1963 he taught besides as a private lecturer at the University of Munich; 1969 he was appointed the professor there.

1970 became Irish from Eibl Eibesfeldt in sea-meadows directors/conductors of the working group for Humanethologie, starting from 1975 led it the independent research centre for Humanethologiethe Max-Planck company in sea-meadows.

1953 and 1957 accompanied Eibl Eibesfeldt Hans hate on its journeys into the Karibik and to the Galápagos islands. These excursion ions aroused its interest in the investigation of the human behavior generally and that humans innate behaviors in the special one. During numerous research staysin Africa, South America and Eastern Asia he examined and others the Mimik of various races and knows so universal - presumed innate - thing in common for example when showing rage, mourning, astonishment, embarrassment, joy and even when greeting (see: Eye greeting) after. From his research beginnings developeda new discipline: the Humanethologie.

In its numerous writings Eibl Eibesfeldt departed frequently far from the empirical bases of its subject. To that extent it was close to its “paternal friend Konrad Lorenz” (dedication in Eibls sketch of the comparative behavior research), to who also one accuses, anthropologische reasons forto represent socially caused behaviors. This brought in frequently the reproach of a biological reductionism for Eibl. The “mirror” (6/1989) therefore accused to him for example spreading “chauvinististic theses”.

1998 supplied to Eibl Eibesfeldt with some critics new cause for reproaches, as it in its book in the trapthe short time thinking “in the interest of the preservation of the peace” itself among other things therefore it ensured that “the politicians of an assistance could endanger carrying out community the identity of their political community”: “A delimitation of immigration from cultural and anthropologisch furthermore necessarily makes standing populations.” (S. 182) Because of its suggestions,by “culture distance” to replace as well as for the development of the concept” Ethnopluralismus “, new rights, Eibl Eibesfeldt Rassismusvorwürfen saw itself the term “foreigner” suspended to a central term.


  • Galápagos: The ark Noah in the Pacific, Leipzig 1966
  • sketch of the comparative behavior research, Munich 1967
  • in the realm of the thousand atolls: As an animal psychologist in the corral reefs of the Maldives and Nikobaren, Leipzig 1966
  • those! Ko-Buschmanngesellschaft. Group connection and aggression control, Cologne 1972
  • love and hate: To the natural history of elementary behavior, Munich 1970
  • pre-programmed humans. The Ererbte as determiningFactor in the human behavior. Molden, vienna Zurich Munich 1973.
  • War and peace from the view of the behavior research, Munich 1975
  • people research on new ways: The scientific view of cultural behaviors, Vienna 1976
  • the biology of the human behavior. Sketch of the Humanethologie, Munich 1984/1995
  • humans, which riskedNature, Munich 1988
  • and green the life goldner tree, Cologne 1992
  • against the distrust company. Disputation for a better future, Munich 1994
  • in the trap of the short time thinking, Munich 1998

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