Ireland (island)

Echtfarben-Satellitenbild von Irland
genuine color satellite photograph of Ireland
situation of the island Ireland
map of the island Ireland

Ireland is the western, smaller island of the two large Northwestern European islands, which does not admit generally, however politically undisputedly, geographically however meaningfully as the British islands is. It is approx. 450 km longand approx. broad and is appropriate for 260 km in the Atlantic with
coordinates: 53° 30 ' N 7° 45 ' W
53° 30 ' N 7° 45 ' W. Altogether it has a surface of approximately 84,421 km ². One calls Ireland also the “Green island”. The English namethe island reads Irish country, the Irish name Éire. Latin name Hibernia reads.

On the island lie the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, which is a part of the united kingdom. (See also: List of divided islands)

at the coast convenient mountainssurround central levels. Carrauntuohill is with 1041 meters the highest mountain. The Shannon is the longest river.

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Flora and fauna

Ireland is generally less species-rich thanthe European mainland or the neighbour island Great Britain (island). This is above all because of the fact that Ireland was isolated after the ice age relatively fast by the rising sea levels. From the only 31 mammals domestic in Ireland are some, like the Dachs, the Rotfuchs or that Hedgehog very frequently, during others, as are to be found that Wapiti only in national park.

Ireland became in the Middle Ages in four (occasionally five) provinces (English. province, IR. cúige) divided: Ulster in the north, Connacht (in former times common English posting: Connaught) in the west, Münster in the southwest and Leinster in the southeast and the east. The provinces were into the Vorzeit important regions, are however since long time politically insignificant. However many Irish of “their” province feel deeply associated. Today the province borders pulled generally along the county borders:

hunger emergency in Ireland

in the years of 1845-1849 raged in Ireland a hunger emergency those this very day as the large hunger emergency admits is. It was the most terrible of severalHunger disasters in Ireland during 19. Century.

Because of a population growth like an explosion reached the numbers of inhabitants in Ireland around 1845 about 8.5 million. In the year 1845 almost the entire crop of potatoes was destroyed by the herb and tuber epidemic. Despite the threatening hunger emergency at that time still British government leanedeach financial support off. In addition it began to furnish only to 1847 soup kitchens for the Hungernden. In order to hold those, because of the meager assistance, jerky population under control, 1847 16 000 soldiers were sent to Ireland and proclaimed in some regions the martial law. By the hunger emergency andthe diseases enstandenen by it (typhoid fever, Cholera) died approximately 1 million humans. Further 700,000 emigrated to Great Britain or North America .

see also

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