|of these articles treats the Biblical Patriarchen Isaak. Further one under Isaak (term clarifying).|
Isaak (short form of hebr.: Izchak El = God may smile) is a central figure of the Jewish faith. ItsHistory becomes in the genesis, which first book of the old person of will of the Bible, tells. It lives after Biblical report approximately in 19. Century v. Chr. Together with its father Abraham and his son Jakob he becomes that Ore fathers counted. By it by all three ore fathers to few one delivers.
In the Christianity Isaak plays likewise one, although less meaning role than in the Judentum. In the new will the family tree of the Jesus is back led by Nazaret on Abraham- over Isaak and Rebekka. The Christianity lodges a complaint to have also after its splitting off from the rabbinischen Judentum a portion of the promise which had been issued since Abraham to the ore fathers of Israel.
Isaak is the secondaryborn son Abrahams, to which only which he witnessed with its wife Sara. It receives its name already forwardsthe birth by God, since Sara had laughed at the announcement of the birth at its high age. At the age of eight days Isaak is cut. Abraham is put by God to the test, by he its son Isaak to sacrifice is. But God intervenes in the last moment and saves Isaak. After death Saras sends a servant to Abraham into its homeland into the area of Haran, in order to look for for Isaak a woman. The farmhand meetsthere on Rebekka, a granddaughter of the brother of Abraham. They and their parents explain themselves in agreement with the marriage and to Rebekka pull with the farmhand back after Kanaan. Rebekka bears their man twins: Esau and Jakob. Isaakattains large wealth, goes blind however at the age. Thus it comes also that itself secondaryborn Jakob of it the benediction, which was intended for Esau actually erlistet (see in addition:Lens court). After Isaak at the age of 180 years dies, becomesit of its two sons bury together.
an interpretation „of the connection Isaaks “(like it in the Judentum, or „the victim course Abrahams “is called, like Christians in addition gladly says) is difficult, if they become fair both religionsis, without thereby or the other abort was done to faith contents the one.
Due to the used God names (the victim instruction comes from Elohim, the instruction, to break off sacrificing of JHWH) can at least historically from the transition the before abrahamitischenFaith world, where people (child) was usual victims at least with of Israel neighboring nations, to a faith way to be gone out, which was an Israel renewed in the indication of the creator of all life appropriate. One considers that the oldest excessive quantities of the Bible in form, which can be assigned historicallythe ore fathers of the Halbnomaden of the aramäischen people migration act, which arrived in contact at established peoples, then may one further close that the connection Isaaks the transition of the not-established life of the Beduinen to the established trunks both under task thatold tribalen victim rites and under nonacceptance of the new agrarian fertility rituals, at least which concerns people victims, symbolizes. Thus Israel achieved a singular position in the front Orient. In other words: Israel entwuchs the master world, without itself like its neighboring nations on the realm-formingTo in-permit forces, which would have confessed to it after the change/the extension of its horizon for order. Sebstverständlich does not act it thereby, like the connection -- and relieving Isaaks -- suggests, around a unique procedure, still around one inOld will linear after-drawn development; rather the connection may -- and solution -- Isaaks as snapshot and symbol of the total process to be equally regarded. The symbol is however of largest importance, by the release of Israel from „the times “of the trunks and„the areas “that realms the universal requirement JHWHs just like the requirement for eternity of Israel justifies, on whose basis the Judentum and the Christianity and the Islam with quite different accents (chosen people, mission , Dschihad ) develop laterhave.
We look on the promises, those at Abraham before the connection and/or. after the solution Isaaks were issued, then this transformation of the Partkulären, temporal one can be reconstructed to the universal one, eternal one: Before its alleged victim course Elohim Abraham promises, theseto make the master father of a nation „from the Nile to the Euphrates and Tigris “ -- speak: to the founder (world) of a realm, which would thus have covered the entire fruitful Halbmond, the entire at that time well-known world; during JHWH Abraham after the solutionIsaaks descendants „as numerously as the stars in the sky “ -- the symbol of the infinity and the supertemporalness -- announces.
This is the promise -- and is called also: the generations and world parts re-clamping task --, in the Judentum,Christianity and Islam, into finally entire mankind move -- with all problems of a ökumenischen role understanding, as they resulted and become from it in the past and beyond the today's day.
Web on the left of
http://www.br-online.de/alpha/forum/vor0111/20011130_i.shtml alpha forum extra: Isaak - the favourite son. Ruth Lapide in the discussion with Dr. Walter Flemmer