Isabella II. (Spain)

Isabella II. María Luisa (splinter Isabel II, * 10. October 1830 in Madrid; † 9. April 1904 in Paris) was queen of Spain.

childhood and youth

Isabella II.

Isabella II.was the oldest daughter of theKing Ferdinand VII. (1784-1833) and its fourth Mrs., María Cristina of Sicilies (1806-1878). Them became at the age of two years monarchies (29. September 1833). Their father had to 29. March 1830 the Sali law in such a way specified to waive, that the old kastilische kognatische leavesSuccession had restored. Guardian was their nut/mother.

Against the indignation of the trailers of the Don Carlo (1788-1855 ), excluded from the succession to the throne, the queen nut/mother Cristina secured the Karlists by her connection with the liberals parties of its daughter the throne; 1840 left it Spain, remained howeverunder the regency Esparteros queen of Spain.

Isabella became to 8. November 1843 at the age of 13 years by resolution of the Cortes for majorenn (of age) explains. The question of their marrying had a European dimension. Ludwig Philipp of France (1773-1850) stressed the Spanish throne for itsDynasty.England raised against it objection.

Isabella married to 10. October 1846 at the age of 16 years its cousin Franz d'Assisi Maria Ferdinand (1822-1902), the son of the Infanten Franz de Paula (1794-1865). Franz was a kränklicher man. The grinding of their sister became Maria Luisa at the same time (1832-1897)with the son Ludwig Philipps, the duke of Montpensier (1824-1890), decided. One did not expect children from the royal marriage because of the apparently obvious generation inability of the king husband; the French intention seemed reached.


the queen lived extremely bigott and limited spirit, works thatchurch Frömmigkeit and at the same time sinnlichen benefits hang-give: she enjoyed of a crowd of changing lovers, who also quite for some, if not all, their children can have been responsible, which could not be proven however at that time.

In the government of its country it was from its environmentdependently, in which the nun Patrocinio and the director Marfori possessed most influence last. If repeated rebellions probably changed the Ministries, brought however no improvement to the government.

1868 made in September a collection, to which the most diverse party leaders had allied themselves, for its rule an end,straight as it with Napoleon III. (1808-1873) an interference into the Roman question to favour of the Pope had arranged; it fled to France. In its place Francisco Serrano Domínguez was used as regent, until 1870 Amadeus of Savoyen mounted the Spanish throne. After its resignation1873 were proclaimed in Spain the first republic.

Isabella renounced to the crown to 25. June 1870 in favor of its son Alfons XII., which mounted 1875 after re-instatement of the monarchy the throne. Isabella returned on that to Spain and lived, partly there partly in Paris, where herto 9. April 1904 died.

the queen a number of children bore children against expecting:

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