Ivar Giaever

Ivar Giaever (original way of writing: Ivar Giæver), geb. to 5. April 1929 in mountains/Norway, is an Norwegian-American physicist.

Giaever completed an engineer study at Norwegian Institut for technology in Trondheim from 1948 to 1952. 1954 he emigrated to Canada , where he worked in an architect's office and afterwards as an engineer at general Electrics. 1956 it moved into the USA . From 1958 to 1969 Giaever worked on the Rensselaer Polytechnical of institutes in Troy (New York) in the area of the superconduction (loss-free line of the electric current) and the tunnel effect. For these research it received the doctor title to 1964. During a research stay in England busy it with biophysical problems and developed a methodto the proof of immune reactions. Since 1988 Giaever professor at the Rensselaer Polytechnical of institutes is additional, at Institut for physics of the University of Oslo.

Giaever received 1973 together with Leo Esaki physics - to Nobelpreis for its experimental discoveries concerning the tunnel phenomenonin half - and/or. Superconductors. In the same year also Brian received from it Josephson for its theoretical forecast from characteristics with a Supraströmung by a tunnel barrier, in particular those phenomena, which admits generally as Josephson effect is, to the Nobelpreis for physics. Since 1970 work Giaever also as a biologist.

Nature is for humans like the refrigerator for a dog: He knows the fact that fodder in it is, but it is never functioned to understand, like the refrigerator (Ivar Giaever)

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