Jablonec nad Nisou

Jablonec nad Nisou (German Gablonz to the Neisse, Romani Jablonka) is a city with 44.571 inhabitants (31.12.2004) to the Neisse in the northeast Böhmen, Tschechien. The city is a center of the Liberecký kraj andan important industrial site. It forms the administrative, culture and sports center of the Isergebirges (Jizerské Hory).


Table of contents

population


historical development of the population

year< /th>in Tsd. city at that time< /th>in Tsd. related to today's area< /th>< /tr>
1830< /td> 3< /td> n.n. </td>< /tr>
1869< /td> 7< /td> 13 </td>< /tr>
1890< /td> 15< /td> 23 </td>< /tr>
1910< /td> 30< /td> 43 </td>< /tr>
1930< /td> 34< /td> 50 </td>< /tr>
1950< /td> 23< /td> 33 </td>< /tr>
1970< /td> 34< /td> 42 </td>< /tr>
1991< /td> 46< /td> 46< /td>< /tr>
2001< /td> 45< /td> 45< /td>< /tr>

In: Dějny obyvatelstva českých zemí (history of the population of the Böhmi countries), Mladá fronta, Prague 1996, S. 397, 398

thosefirst number is the population in the city (land register) in the time at that time, the second number in the today's area (the city, some villages became in in common December grew).

politics

  • mayor: Dr. Jiři Čeřovský (ODS - conservative ones/liberals), since 1994
  • addressthe city administration: Městský úřad, Mírové náměstí 19, 46751 Jablonec

of local parts

  • Jablonec nad Nisou (Gablonz to the Neisse)
  • Jablonecké Paseky (bath impact)
  • Kokonín (Kukan)
  • Lukášov (lux village)
  • Mšeno nad Nisou (green forest to the Neisse)
  • Proseč nad Nisou (pro-sweat onthe Neisse)
  • Rýnovice (Reinowitz)
  • Vrkoslavice (silk tail)

Italy

- Germany Zwickau

-

to Germany Ronse - Belgium Marsciano - in the year 1356. After the destruction throughOpponent of the böhmischen king George von Podiebrad in August 1496 disappeared the settlement completely. She is inhabited in the long term only since that 16. Century, as which first glasswork in green forest (Mšeno) developed. In the dreissigjährigen war Gablonz became to 2. May 1643 again down-burned; after end of war the Protestant inhabitants were obligatorily expelled. 1808 were raised Jablonec to the small market town, and in the year 1866 by a decree from Franz Josef I. to the city. In the year 1868 Gablonz became the seat of theDistrict captain. The new political district Gablonz consisted of the court districts Tannwald and Gablonz.

A proof for the wealth of the city are a number of important buildings and boroughs. To most interesting buildings of art nouveau belonged and private mansions into the current Podhorská ulice(Mountain road) and 28. října (Josef Pfeifer STR.); magnificent buildings of the functionalism of the 1930er years are the mansion Schmelowsky, the mansion Hásek (architect Heinrich loud brook), the mansion Kantor (Adolf Loos pupil architect Heinrich Kulka), the city hall (architect Karl winters) and the catholic one Church at the trade place (architect Josef Za).

After census 1930 79.5% the Gablonzer were German and 16.5% Czech. Today (after census 2001) 92.5% Czech and 1.5% are German.

By resident of Munich the agreement was dissolved 1938 Czechoslovakia, and those predominantlyfrom Sudeten Germans areas including Gablonz inhabited to the National Socialist German Reich were attached.

In October 1938 Jews and Czechs from the city were sold.

After end of the Second World War the German inhabitants were expropriated 1945 due to the Beneš decrees anddriven out and the place was populated by Czech inhabitants.

After 1945 refugees Germans created the quarter Neugablonz of the city Kaufbeuren in Bavaria, in order to continue the famous glass industry (Gablonzer Bijouterie ) there.

In the city there is a “housethe Czech-German communication " (Rieger house).

mayors

  • ? - 1918 Adolph Heinrich pos ELT
  • 1918-1934 Dr. h. C. Karl smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Fischer (nationalists - DNAP)
  • 1934-1938 Oskar Petrowsky (SdP)
  • 1938-1942 Oswald Wondrak (NSDAP, 1942-45 asPunishment at the front)
  • 1942-1945 (May) Karl Lehmann (NSDAP, as a deputy)
  • 8. May 1945 - 21. May 1945 Karel Šimon (democrat)
  • 21. May 1945 - 1950 Karel Šilhán (communist)
  • 1990-1994 Dr. Jiří Musil (citizens' forum, late Social Democrats)
  • 1994 to today Dr. Jiří Čeřovský (ODS)

economics and infrastructure

first were settled industrial companies in the place glassworks. In the 2. Half 17. Century developed the glass industry very fast. The situation at that it makes German and Polish border clear that Jablonec is suitable also as commercial centre. Further ascent came for the city in the 1. Half 18. Century with the arising of the Bijouterie - Manufakturen. Today Jablonec is beside this branch of industryan excellent starting point for routistic activities in the Isergebirge and giant mountains.

In the Bijouterie and the glass production should in Jablonec and environment also today still 11,000 humans be busy, whereby production is export-oriented to large parts. Except the Bijouterie andGlass production is also mechanical engineering, furniture production and woodworking industry represented.

In Jablonec is also the Münzhaus Bižuterie Česká mincovna (Bijouterie Czech Münzhaus) the fact that Czech crowns for the whole country produced (was created after the decay of Czechoslovakia, because that Czechoslovakian Münzhaus in the slowakischen Kremnica was). Most important companies, glass production: Ecoglass, Preciosa, Ornela, Bižuterie Česká mincovna (Bijouterie Czech Münzhaus), Glass Tomeš. The companies Preciosa, Bižuterie Česká mincovna and Ornela have themselves to the federation Bijou Terra zusammnengeschlossen,that the export company Jablonex possesses.

The company Soliter produces metal decoration.

The society Jablotron produces alarm installations, garden technology, mobile phone etc. It excited large attention with its “largest mobile phone” of the world”. The equipment “JABLOTRON Union of Police 02 Grand” was original forin addition, older humans meant, large interest showed regions with bad fixed mains supply.

The company Lucas Varity produces autobrakes in Jablonec and environment under the name ENGINE of automotives Aftermarket CZ LUCAS Autobrzdy (it uses here plants of the earlier Autobrzdy, late Ateso).

traffic

the city is connected by a streetcar of the transporting enterprises Liberec with Liberec, there drives also also courses and penalty. The city has also an excellent motorway connection with Prague.

Work on []

Culture and objects of interest

  • the new city hall became 1931-1933 in the functionalistic style after draft of the architect K. Winter builds.
  • The old city hall, a dreistöckiges building with that four-sharp-edged tower, was built for 1867-1869 by the Reichenberger building master Gustav Sachers.
  • The glassand Bijouterie museum in art nouveau - the building originally belonged to the export firm room & Schmidt. Today it is seat of the museum for glass and Bijouterie. Its collections contain objects for documentation of the history of the Glasmacherei, production of decoration andBijouterie, and again also the medal art and Münzenprägerei, all this in special regard for development in Nordböhmen.
  • The Roman-catholic Annenkirche, a einschiffiges rectangular baroque object with polygonal Presbyterium was built 1685-1687.
  • The former Pfarramt a building of the beginning 18.Century with a Neo Renaissance front of the end 19. Century. The statue is remarkable hl. Maria before the church and an about 1 m high reconciliation cross to the Kirchwand of 1666.
City theatre Jablonec nad Nisou
  • the city theatre (Mestské divadlo) after the plans of the Viennese theatre architects Fellner and Helmer were built 1906-1907 in art nouveau.
  • The Roman-catholic heart Jesu church a dreischiffiges rectangular brick object with a transverse ship and a vierkanigen tower - became in the years 1930 - 1931 builds.Author of the draft was a Gablonzer compatriot, the architect Josef Za.
  • The Evangelist parish church a pseudogothical einschiffige object with a rectangular tower at the front front - 1892 of the building master build Arwed Thamerus.
  • The old-catholic cross church in art nouveau in the years1900 - 1902 builds. The plans come from the Gablonzer architect Josef Za.
  • The dam of Jablonec 1906 - 1909 in the area of waters of the Neisse build. It is to prevent that regularly repeating inundations. The dam is appropriate for 513 m overthe sea level and 3 million cubic meter water seizes. This technical architectural monument is an attractive recreation area of the city.
  • The contactor house the building was seat of the local sniper association, which was created in the year 1761. The later center of the Gablonzer of sport and culture lifebecame in the years 1870 - 1771 builds.
  • Petřín this trip restaurant (in former times Niklkoppe called) with 20 m a high observation tower at the Südrand of the city was built in the year 1906.
  • Gallery Belveder a latebaroque two-story house with a one pool of broadcasting corporations roof - belongsto the oldest buildings of the city. We receive the first mention from the year 1773.
  • Nad Prosečí (Proschwitzer comb) a popular goal for walks between Jablonec and Liberec with Baude and observation tower.
  • Černá Studnice (Schwarzbrunnwarte) a granite observation tower with Baudefrom the year 1905 after draft of the Gablonzer architect restrain-smell.
  • The Neissequelle is in the area of the locality Nová Ves nad Nisou (new village), in the proximity of the main street after Lučany nad Nisou (Wiesenthal).

personalities

  • Peter HermannEagle (1899-1990), conductor, lived historian, author of the history of the city Gablonz (1876-77) in Prague,
  • Brünn, Bremen, Kiew and starting from 1939 in the USA Adolf Benda ( 1845-1878),
  • walter Dolch (1883-1914), literature historian and Bibliotekar, lived in Zittau, Prague and Braunau in Böhmen
  • Josef Duchač (geb. 1938), politician (CDU), of 1990-1992 Prime Minister in Thuringia
  • Fidelio Finke (1860-1940), Heimatkundler, composer and teacher
  • Karl smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Fischer (1871-1934), historian, Heimatkundler and mayor
  • Richard Fleissner (1903-1989), painter and professor of the college of arts and crafts in Gablonz and inMunich
  • Rudolf Hasek (1890-1993), commander of the group of attacks of the Czech Legion in the fight against the Bolsheviks, exporter in Gablonz, participant of the resistance against the national socialists and against the communists
  • Robert restrain-smell (1871-1946), architect
  • Konrad Henlein (1898-1945), south-German politician and national socialist; Gau leaderrealm gau the Sudetenland; born in Maffersdorf, studied and lived in Gablonz
  • Heinrich Joseph (1875-1941), professor of the Zoologie and anatomy, lived in Vienna
  • Gustav Leutelt (1860-1947), writer and poet
  • Vladimir Mikolasek (1918-1997), writer
  • Karel Mrazek (1910-1998), commander of the böhmischen foreign army inthe Royal air Force in 2. World war
  • Jost Pietsch, sculptor
  • Rudolf Prade (1888-1944), painter and professor at the college of arts and crafts
  • Anton Randa (1864-1918), Mäzen and founder of the municipal library
  • Marcel Safir (1912-1978), natural scientist and child book author
  • Josef Vaclav Scheybal (1928-2001), Etnograph andVolkskundler
  • Josef Schindler (1814-1890), cure physician, successor Vincenz Priessnitzs in bath count mountain
  • Ladislav Stoll (1902-1981), communist ideologist and Vorkämpfer of the “socialist literature”, born in Gablonz
  • Johann Franz Schwann (1740-1812), founders of the Gablonzer of export trade
  • Karel Simon (1887-1960), French Legionär, leader of the resistanceagainst the national socialists and mayors (May 1945)
  • Josef Za (1871-1957), architect of the catholic and old-catholic churches in Gablonz, lived threefold olympia winners
  • in Prague January Železný (*1966) Czech Speerwerfer, played for a while for Jablonecer athlete IC association TJ Liaz


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coordinates: 50° 43 ′ 40 " n. Break, 15° 10 ′ 12 " o. L.

 

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