Jacques René Chirac [ʒak ʀəˈne ʃiˈʀak] (* 29. November 1932 in Paris) is a French politician. 1995 and 2002 he was selected to the president of France. It belongs to the Gaullist - conservative A party UMP on. As French president Chirac ex is officio one of the two CO princes of Andorra.
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family 8 Web on the left of [ work on] career/development [ work on] at Institut d'études politiques de Paris to 1953 political sciences. it made a conclusion for 1959to the École national d'administration (ENA), an elite school for work in the government service.
the way into the policy
thereafterChirac was a coworker of president Georges Pompidou into the 1960er years and Valéry Giscard d'Estaing into the 1970er years. 1974 to 1976 he was a prime minister. From 1977 to 1995 he was a mayor of Paris, from 1986 to 1988besides again prime ministers. This mark was the socialist François Mitterrand president - the then new case of a Cohabitation.
president in the third approach
1981 and 1988 tried Chirac unsuccessfully as a presidency candidate, before he itself with thatPresidency election 1995 against its two main competitors Lionel Jospin and Édouard Balladur to intersperse could.
1997 dissolved Chirac the parliament, since it hoped to provide during disputed economic reforms a stable conservative majority with the then due new elections. This action went however to the rear loosely: Jospin becamePrime ministers and Chirac had the next five years in a new Cohabitation to spend, this mark as a president.
with its choice 2002 had received only 19.88 per cent of the voices to Chirac and itself only in secondBallot only interspersed, because the right-wing extremist Jean-Marie Le Pen came against it into the ballot. Also most left parties supported Chirac in this ballot, there the socialist candidate Jospin had badly cut off and them Le Pen as presidents of Franceto prevent wanted. Since then the Neogaullisten lost regional and European elections as well as the European Union condition referendum and created it at the end to bring twice as much demonstrator against itself on the road like her Urvater general Charles de Gaulle with May unrests 1968.
expressions of Jacques Chirac on the occasion of a troop attendance to 19. January 2006 many observers interpreted themselves as one „for turning turn “in the past nuclear - found doctrine of France international and - in particular because of the zuspitzenden atomic controversy with thatIran - large attention. Chirac threatened the terrorism supporting states with atomic impacts, should attack this France. Without addressing Iran directly, he did not announce retaliation to leaders of “such states on the Ile Longue (Brittany) „in „conventional “way.Expressly Chirac alluded however to „the temptation of certain states “, „under break of the contracts with nuclear weapons to equip itself “. It remained to a large extent unconsidered that Chirac in the same speech also the use from nuclear weapons to the safety device of “vital interests” including the “strategic supply”France expressly justified, i.e. atomic attacks themselves to the safety device of the supply of raw materials reserved itself. Again to it were however neither the reservation nor the terminology; again those was calculating on the date - and the obvious addressees - set mode of expression. Neverthelessthe letting in encountered Chiracs straight also in Germany partial sharp criticism. Among other things he was accused the offence against international law. The opposition in the German Bundestag requested Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel to dissociate itself clearly from Chirac to.
CO prince of Andorra
as a head of state of France it is automatic beside the bishop von Urgell one of the two CO princes principality of the Andorra. The obligations accompanying with this position are noticed by a personal representative residing in Andorra. Throughthe introduction of a andorranischen condition in the year 1993 is the role of the two CO princes of mainly ceremonyal nature.
Chirac is married with Bernadette Chirac, born Chodron de Courcel, and has with their two daughters, Laurence andClaude Chirac.
Web on the left of
|Wikiquote: Jacques Chirac - quotations|
| | * Literature of and over Jacques Chirac in the catalog of the DDB
- Allocution you Président de la Républiquelors de SA visite aux forces aériennes, océanique et stratégiques (official Transskript of the speech on the Ile Longue before Brest to 19.01.2006; see. )
- Discours de M. Jacques Chirac, Président de la République, sur la politique de défense dela France, la stratégie militaire, etc. (Collection discours publics - Vie publique.fr; Chiracs talks to 08.06.2001 for the military and defense doctrine of France at Institut striking width unit of the Etudes de Défense national one, IHEDN)
- Chirac speaks suddenly plain language (“new inhabitants of zurich newspaper”, 20.01.2006; see. , )
- “this statement is in the western strategy generally contained” interview with Karl-Heinz Kamp, security experts of the Konrad Adenauer donation (Deutschlandfunk, 20.01.2006)
- Wolfgang Kötter, Force de frappe and British nuclear weapons (peace advice, University of Kassel, 22.08.2004)
- yokes Hehn, speculationsaround of France new nuclear doctrine: Paris plans preventive employment of the nuclear forces (“the world “, 04.11.2003)
- Helmut Kohl and Jacques Chirac on that 22. World economy summits in Lyon (photo, DHM 1996)
see also: Force de frappe
Michel Debré | Georges Pompidou | Maurice Couve de Murville | Jacques Chaban Delmas | Pierre Messmer | Jacques Chirac | Raymond Barre | Pierre Mauroy | Laurent Fabius | Jacques Chirac | Michel Rocard | Édith Cresson | Pierre Bérégovoy | Édouard Balladur | Alain Juppé | Lionel Jospin | Jean-Pierre Raffarin | Dominique de Villepin
|NAME||Chirac, Jacques René|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||French president|
|DATE OF BIRTH||29. November 1932|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Paris, France|