January Karski

January Karski, actually January Kozielewski (* 24. April 1914 in Łódź, Poland; † 13. July 2000 in Washington, D.C.), legendary Polish officer and courier of the Polish homeland army.

Karski studied law and diplomacy 1935 at the University of Lemberg.

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homeland army after outbreak

of the war, he

came to 1 courier of the Polish homeland army 2 eye-witness after the military defeat of Poland, into Soviet shank. Two monthslater it succeeded to it to break out of a camp and it went into the Generalgouvernement occupied by Germans. Karski joined the Polish homeland army (Armia Krajowa), its Sprachkenntnisse made it an important courier between the Polish government-in-exile in London and thatGuidance of the Armia Krajowa in Poland. It brought in secret and dangerous missions messages between Poland, France and England.

eye-witness of Nazi crimes

between 1942 and 1943 he informed the Polish government-in-exile in London as well as the British and American government of thattragic situation in Poland and over the systematic murder of the Jews. Karski reported as an eye-witness, it in a uniform of the Ukrainian militia into an extermination camp was transferred and could of the extents of the crimes themselves convince itself. Karski became also by a tunnel inthe Warsaw Ghetto transferred. He saw the flared out children and the dying Jewish population on the roads. One, it from the Ghetto escorted, was a Jewish resistance fighter, Leon of fine. More finely again and again the same sentence “forgetting you did not repeat which it heresaw, do not forget you not which them saw here… “. Karski up to its death could not forget this set and Leon of fine.

In July 1943 Karski met personally with president Franklin D. Roosevelt, and reported to it on the situation in Poland andover it, which he had seen. He spoke also with other American politicians like also leaders of Jewish organizations, without success. No faith was given to its descriptions, and they were regarded as exaggerations of the Polish government-in-exile.

after the Second World War

after the war could Karski not in of the Soviet Union occupies Poland returns. It established itself in the United States and held lectures by the “Georgetown University” in Washington, D.C.

In its book “story OF A Secret State”, he wrote 1944 over the time as a courier insecret mission and its experiences in occupied Poland.1985 it published the book “The Great Powers and pole and”. E. Thomas Wood and Stanislaw M. Jankowski described the life of January Karski in the book “Karski: How One one Tried ton stop the Holocaust " (appeared on Germanas “January Karski -- One against the Holocaust, as a courier in secret mission,” Bleicher publishing house, 1997).


its most important honors are the Polish medal white ones of the eagle (highest civilian honor), the medal Virtuti Militari (highest military honor).

For its courageous actions andtries the rescue of Poland and Jew, Karski became honour citizen of Israel. On the “avenue of the fair ones “in Jerusalem, which to the Yad Vashem - memorial place leads, he was allowed to plant a tree, for that its names carries and the Universities of “Georgetown University”, “Oregon State University”,“Baltimore Hebrew college”, “Hebrew college OF America”, Warsaw University of, “Maria curie Skłodowska” university and the university of Łódź, lent honour doctor titles to him. Karski was suggested also for the Nobel peace prize.

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