January Mayen

January Mayen< /br>
Base data
country: Norway
administration: exterritoriales area
research station: Olonkinbyen
inhabitant: --
Geographical situation: 71° 2 ′ 47 " n. Break, 8° 13 ′ 49 " w. L.
Surface: 373 km ²
highest collection: Berry mountain (2,277 m)
discovery: 1607 by Henry Hudson
official Website: http://www.jan-mayen.no
Karte von Jan Mayen
map ofJanuary Mayen
Jan Mayen, Satellitenfoto
January Mayen, satellite photo
January Mayen on a map of 1670

January Mayen is 373 km ² a large island approx. 650 km northeast from Iceland in the Greenland lake and is in political regard a exterritoriales area of Norway. The length of the coastal line amounts to about124 km.

Table of contents

geography

the climate of the island actual moderated by the gulf stream something - predominantly extremely, the whole year over frequently strong hoist and storms are to be observed, in the winter are JanuaryMayen by luggage and drift ice surround. The fauna is coined/shaped by numerous kinds of bird, walruses and polar foxes. Occasional also polar bears are to be found. The very meager tundra vegetation consists to a large extent of individual lichens and Moosen.

The volcano of the world, the berry mountain northernmost with 2277 m height, showed 1970 and 1984/85 after long rest period again activities. The earliest documented outbreak took place in the year 1616. In the southwest Sør January group with their ash cones and lava cathedrals, lain, probably for approximately 10,000 years expired to the island.

history

Henry Hudson discovered the island 1607 during its first of four travels by the Arctic ocean, in order to find a shorter sea lane to China (northeast passage). The island got its name 1614 after the Netherlands whale-catching captain January Yak-generic terms May van Schellinkhout. Into the followingCenturies the island was visited only occasionally by seal hunters. A Swiss-German polar travel under Carl Vogt, Heinrich Hasselhorst and George Berna visited January Mayen in the year 1861. A Ölgemälde of the south coast from Hasselhorst is in the historical museum in Frankfurt/Main. UpSuggestion of Carl Weyprecht was furnished 1882/ 1883 a Austrian-Hungarian research station. To 27. February 1930 became January Mayen part of the Norwegian kingdom. The administration of the island is made by the capital Oslo by means of a governor on that far Inselgruppe Spitzbergen lain north.

Beerenberg
Berry mountain

1921the first meteorological station was established, which is operated since that time with short interruptions. At present (winters 2004/2005) the station is occupied with 18 persons, whose future is however uncertain, since for cost saving reasons a locking one discusses.

During the Second World War January becameMayen several times by German airplanes attacked, whereby two machines on the island fell. January Mayen could be taken not in possession and remained under Norwegian sovereignty. The station was destroyed by the crew 1940 and completely left. 1941 became it bySoldiers again establishes, in order to be able to be during the entire war in readiness. After end of the war the Norwegians used the 1943 established American radio station Atlantic town center in the north of the island.

Norway maintains a Wetterstation and the manned “Long rank navigation on the island“(Loran C) - basis, in addition 1585 m a long landing runway for airplanes. Under certain weather conditions the berry mountain “Karman wind” induces Leewellen mentioned, which with a wavelength of approx. 1-15km on the leeward side into a distance of several 100km are noticeable. These can endanger the air traffic, soit came here for example 1991 nearly to a crash of a C-130, under a sudden “Karman SHIFT” during the start. With the Loran C basis also the housing development Olonkinbyen lies, in which the crew of both stations lives. As transmitting antenna the Loran C station uses a 190 meterhigh, removed steel framework tower.

literature

  • Andreas Umbreit: Spitzbergen with Franz Joseph country and January Mayen, Conrad stone publishing house 7. Aufl. 2004 ISBN 3-89392-282-2

Web on the left of


coordinates: 71° 2 ′ 47 " n. Break, 8° 13 ′ 49 " w. L.

 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)