That January (v. lat. ianua „door, entrance “) is the first month of the yearly in the Gregorian calendar. The original name Jänner/Jenner is only in the South German linguistic area usual, in Austria and South Tyrol is called this month officially Jänner.
Old German names are hardening, ice month, snow month and winter month. The last designation became of Karl the large one in 8. Century imported. In Eastern Europe January became in former times also Wolf month mentioned, since in this time the wolves have their Ranzzeit and more easily to be hunted were.
In the Roman calendar was January and/or. Jänner originally the elfte month. With the conversion of the beginning of the year of the 1. March on the 1. January in the year 153 v. Chr. January was designated after the God Ianus, the doppelgesichtigen God of the beginning and the end.
January always begins with the same weekday as the May of the previous year. In leap years in addition with thatsame weekday as April and the July of the same yearly, otherwise as October (see Doomsday method).
Which week is considered as the first calendar week of the new yearly, hangs of the weekday of the 1. January off. If it on Monday until Thursday, belongs he falls to the first calendar week of the new yearly (ISO 8601), since this week has then at least four days in the new year.
the designation Jänner for the first yearly month has the same name roots as January anda word of the high-level language and no dialect expression are in Austria and South Tyrol. However the designation is particularly common by the influence of the media of the remaining German linguistic area likewise January.
To end 19. Century was Jenner/Jänner as high GermanWord in the entire South German linguistic area usually. By the establishment (small) of the German empire in the year 1871 the name Jänner however increasingly of - in taught borrowing resorting to classical latin - again developed form January displaced,in north German the linguistic area is usual.
In Bavaria until the end of the First World War the terms Jänner were like also Feber for February the official monthly designations. Also today the name Jänner is at least colloquial still in the South German linguistic areaspread.
Although Jänner in Austria was officially maintained as word of the high-level language, the designation Feber is no longer usual in writing.
|Wiktionary: January - word origin, synonyms and translations|
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