Jean Baptiste Say
Jean Baptiste Say [ʒãbaˈtistˈsɛ] (* 5. January 1767 in Lyon; † 15. November 1832 in Paris) was a French economist and businessman. It is considered as a representative of the classical political economy and the French school and attained in particular by the saysche theorem lasting celebrity designated after it.
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the ancestors Says were Huguenots from Nîmes and had to Geneva to flee, of where them in the center 18. Century to Lyon returned. Jean Baptistes father was active in the textile industry. The education of the children (Jean Baptiste had several brothers and sisters) took place in the sense of the clearing-up. Early Jean Baptiste knowledge in different sciences collected.
After Say in the parental business could gain first vocational experiences, he went together with its brother Horace in the year 1785 to England. The two experienced there the industrielle revolution, which left a lasting impression with Say. Not least it was to be read it by the acquired English knowledge later also possible the work prosperity of the nations (1776) of Adam Smith.
Despite preferences for the literature, Say accepted a job after the return to France with an insurance. In the year 1789 it published texts over the Pressefreiheit. 1792 he was publisher of a magazine and first scientific publications comes from this time. It was inspired particularly by the prosperity of the nations.
Say was employed occasionally by Mirabeau and was trailer of the French revolution. It announced itself 1792 voluntarily to the war. It rejected the more radical rule Robespierres later however. After an employment as an editor-in-chief he was appointed 1799 the member of the Tribunats in the financial committee in the consulate Napoléons.
While the science was first Says part-time work, it became économie politique ( 1803), by appearance of the Traité D', also beyond France famous. It contained also for the first time the famous saysche theorem. With its market liberal position stood for Say from now on in opposition to Napoléon, which limited the trade for war-political reasons. Say lost 1806 its office as Tribun and became victim of the censorship.
Say went to Auchy of les Hesdin (Pas de Calais), in order to develop itself a cotton factory. It employed several hundred coworkers. After some years it sold however its portions and decreased/went back to Paris , in order to become active as a speculator. The restoration (1814) meant a disillusioning for trailers of the revolution such as Say. He even considered an emigration into the USA and took up in addition contact to Thomas Jefferson , felt themselves however in the long run for a removal too old.
Finally it undertook a study trip however on behalf the French government to England, in order to win views of the economic system there. It became member of the Academy of Sciences (1815) and dressed from now on different training activities. At the Conservatoire kind et Métiers remained active it over years. Not least by an exchange of letters with Thomas's Robert Malthus its popularity continued to rise in this time.
Say died 1832 at the consequences of an impact accumulation.
Jean Baptiste Say can be considered as Vordenker of the offer theory. The saysche theorem designated after it (S. is famous. there), demand weaknesses in the economy answered in the negative, since the production of goods (creation of the offer) creates the income, with which for demand one produce. It represents a core of the economic basic understanding. In what respect James Mill the theorem before Say developed and it during lifetimes beyond that Says and an evolution into its current form through-lived is today disputed until. A large role played it in discussions of John May pool of broadcasting corporations Keynes in 20. Century.
Say dominated the economics in the France 19. Century lastingly. Its works were coined/shaped strongly by Adam Smiths prosperity of the nations (1776). An important achievement Says is it the liberal economics Smiths in France to have spread. Says role however on a bare verb rider the smithschen teachings to shorten, became Say not fairly. Thus Say regarded the economics from the view of a buyer and less theoretically, in the works instead by many examples under-paints.
Say divides the economics into the ranges production, distribution and consumption. As factors of production it identified work, soil and capital. State and church faced Say critically and pleaded for low taxes. However it held to the minting as national monopoly.
- Olbie ou Essai sur les moyens de réformer les mœurs d'une nation (1800)
- Traité d'économie politique ou simple Exposé de la manière dont SE forment, SE distribuent et SE consomment les richesses (1803)
- Épitomé of the principes fondamentaux de l'économie politique (1814)
- De l'Angleterre et the Anglais (1815)
- Catéchisme d'économie politique (1815)
- Petit volume contenant quelques aperçus the hommes et de la société (1817)
- Lettres à M. Malthus sur l'économie politique et la stagnation you commerce (1821)
- Cours complet d'économie politique pratique (1828-1830)
Web on the left of
| | * Literature of and over Jean Baptiste Say in the catalog of the DDB
|NAME||Say, Jean Baptiste|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||French economist and businessman|
|DATE OF BIRTH||5. January 1767|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Lyon|
|DYING DATE||15. November 1832|