Jean Cocteau

Jean Cocteau (* 5. July 1889 in Maisons Lafitte with Paris; † 11. October 1963 in Milly la Forêt with Paris) was a French writer, director, a painter and a Choreograf. Despite its achievements in nearly all literary and künsterischen areas Cocteau insisted on it,primarily a poet to be, and called all of his works poetry. As prominent Surrealist had it large influence on the works of others, under it also a group of friendly composers in Montparnasse, which called themselves Les Six. Even if the word “Surrealismus” of Guillaume Apollinaire was coined/shaped, in order to describe co-operation parade of Cocteau in the year 1917 with Eric Satie , Pablo Picasso and Léonide Massine, designates André Breton, the appointed leader of the Surrealisten, Cocteau as a “notorious wrong poet, a Versmacher, all this that heaffected, cancelled instead of revalues. “(Breton, 1953)

Cocteau comes 1889 in close proximity to Paris to the world. Its father is a successful lawyer. It dies, when Jean is straight 10 years old. With 17 Jean publishes already first poems, before with 19 years itsfirst poem volumes lamp d'Aladin appears. 1917 it participates in a ballet and writes the libretto. For the scenery is responsible no smaller than Pablo Picasso.

Beginning of the thirties it turns its first film: Le sang d'un poète. In the runthe time participates it in several films, is it as a director, film script author or as an actor. Its friendship to Jean Marais causes it to write this rolling on the body.

1954 it becomes member of the academy of the arts of France and of Belgium.

Because of a Opiumvergiftung Cocteau, which was drug dependent long years, had to be treated medically. Cocteau was bisexuell and had apart from relations with men also several relations with women, under it Natalie Paley, a Romanow - princess. It published several works, in which it criticized Homophobie sharply.

On 11-October1963 it dies with Paris and becomes in the Chapelle pc. Blaise in Milly La Foret bury.

Table of contents


  • the will of the Orpheus (1960)
  • La mansion Santo Sospir (1952)
  • Coriolan (1950)
  • Orphée (1949)
  • the terribleParents (1948)
  • the double eagle (1947)
  • was once (1946)
  • the beautiful one and the beast (1946)
  • the blood of a poet (1930)
  • Jean Cocteau fait you cinéma (1925)



  • Ralf Nestmeyer: “French poet and their houses”. Island publishing house, Frankfurt/Main 2005. ISBN 3-458-34793-3

Web on the left of

Wikiquote: Jean Cocteau - quotations
  • {{#if:
| | * Literatureby and over Jean Cocteau in the catalog of the DDB



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