Jerome John “Jerry” Garcia (* 1. August 1942 in San Francisco, California; † 9. August 1995 in Lagunitas Forest Knolls, California) was a musician, who admits DEAD particularly by its role as picking up vein of the Grateful became.
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With four years Garcia lost the middle finger of its right hand, when his older brother him separated these with wood heels with an axe. Had to see Garcia one year later, how its father drowned in a fishing rod accident. It buildup in the following years with its grandparents, while its nut/mother went working.
1960 it left the High School and occurred the military service, became however soon again to dismiss, after it had repeated not appeared to the service. It turned back to San Francisco and met there the poet Robert Hunter, with which it should write later as well as all its songs for the Grateful DEAD and its solo projects. Garcia bought a banjo of the young employee Bill Kreutzmann, which should become late Schlagzeuger with the Grateful DEAD in Dana Morgans music shop. Garcia played at this time in some Bluegrass - volume. At this time it based with Bob Weir, Bob Matthews, marshal Leicster, Tom Stone and Ron McKernan (alias Pig Pen), which all regularly in Dana Morgans music shop was, the Bluegrass volume MON ago McCree's Uptown Jug champion. On urge Pig Pens developed MON ago McCree ever more to the electrical one and in such a way became from the formation 1965 the being LOCKs and later in the same year finally the Grateful DEAD.
1972 Jerry Garcia began to work actively on its solo career. 1971 it together with Howard Wales a solo album had already taken up, with which however all Songs of Wales was written. Its first real solo album contained then however mainly Garcia/Hunter compositions, from which some entrance into Grateful DEAD found repertoire. With this album Garcia plays also all instruments (guitars, key board, singing), whereby it becomes one of the rare photographs, with which one Jerry Garcia at a key instrument hears. Only the Schlagzeug is played by the Grateful DEAD colleague Bill Kreutzmann.
In the future Garcia played regularly with its Jerry Garcia volume. In addition it was member (and/or picking up vein) with Legion OF Mary and old and in The Way. With nearly all solo projects John punt at the bass and Merl Saunders at the key boards accompanied it. Also members of the Grateful DEAD were often guest musicians with Garcias of solo volume. Its solo work was coined/shaped also strongly from its friendship to David Grisman, one the best Mandolinenspielern of the world, which with jazz icons such as Stephane Grappelli had already played. With old and in The Way had already co-operated Garcia with Grisman. 1990 had taken up it again contact and since that time had much together gejammt and also concerts had given. Their style contained among other things jazz, Folk and Bluegrass, was however always acoustic. 1991 published it Garcia/Grisman, on which some further albums as well as the film Grateful Dawg followed in the year 2000. Particularly the Pizza Tapes is to be emphasized here. It concerns the admission a Jam session, which was stolen from the musicians by a Pizzaauslieferer. When boat-put ever further circles pulled, the session was officially published.
An edible Hommage at Jerry Garcia produces the American ice company Ben&Jerry's. since 1987. On suggestion of a fan the two Hippies a Kirscheis with pieces of chocolate kreiierten and called it “Cherry Garcia”.
- you could lose an amplifier, you could things broken make - and sometimes we have also. But I could have never looked Jerry into the eyes and say: „I do not have your guitar. “ - Steve Parish, Jerry Garcias equipment manager
Jerry Garcia possessed about 25 guitars. Its first guitar, which it to its 15. Birthday had given gotten, was a Danelectro. it played 1965 with the being LOCKs on a red Guild Starfire, which is to be heard also on the first Grateful DEAD album The Grateful DEAD from 1967 to. Later in this year it changed Tremolo to a black Gibson Les Paul of 1957, with P90 - pick-ups and Bigsby -. In the year following on it it played on a gold Top Les Paul with P90 single Coil - pick-ups. In the summer 1968 it changed black Les Paul to another, this time without Tremolo. In the year 1969 it played on a Gibson SG, with which it is to be heard live DEAD also on the album. one saw it to 1970 then with a 63er Sunburst Fender Stratocaster, before he fell back in May its Gibson SG. With the acoustic photographs in this year it played a Martin D-18 and a E.G. pedal Steel. it changed a further mark for 1971, this time to a Sunburst Gibson Les Paul. In March and April one saw him also with a special preparation, which was to come from the company Alembic. In May it appeared with a 57er Strat, which it had gotten from Graham Nash.
Between all these guitars Garcia changed again and again back and forth and was nevertheless never completely content with the factory products, until he bought 1972 the first guitar, which the guitar farmer Doug Irwin ever built. It cost 850 $ and is well-known as 001. He ordered a further guitar, those by Doug Irwin was particularly cut to its desires and received her in May 1973 for 1500 $. Like many different of its guitars it gave away the 001. Their new owner was the crew member Ramrod. Its new guitar was called because of an appropriate Intarsie wolf. Hardly Garcia had the new guitar in the hands, ordered it with Doug Irwin a further guitar. It made thereby no special demands separates relied thereby fully on Doug. After it had tried a time out long an aluminum guitar of Travis Bean, it played 1977 again the wolf, which it replaced to 1979 by the tigers. Doug Irwin had spent six years to build it and Jerry Garcia played that 7 kg heavy instrument 11 years long. The tigers it permitted to Jerry Garcia to steer its effect devices from the guitar. In addition the guitar possessed a hidden preamplifier. to serve 1988 those wolf occasionally re-activated over for Jerrys MIDI - Synthesizer - experiments. Jerry used the MIDI devices, in order to let its guitar sound like a trumpet or other instruments. 1989 delivered Doug Irwin the Rosebud , which cost 11,000 $ and as its masterpiece is considered.
In the year 1993 Jerrys next guitar with the post office came: Stephen Cripe, a carpenter from Florida, who had spent years to build individually made interior arrangements from Caribbean yachts to had built a guitar. In addition it copied Doug Irwins Design of the tigers and changed it easily. He built the guitar from only one piece of eastIndian rose wood, which he from a Opium bed from that 19. Century won. Garcia was inspired. It let the electrical interior life revise, otherwise it was however hingerissen by the guitar. It called it „the guitar, for which I had always waited “and played nearly only on this instrument. It became admits under the name Lightning Bolt (lightning flash). Garcia met Cripe with a concert in Florida and ordered for 6.500 $ a further guitar, which has as Top admits became, although Garcia nearly never played on it.
Its last concert in Chicago began Jerry Garcia with Irwins Rosebud, but during the concert there were problems and Garcia fell back to spare substitution of the route - the tigers - and terminated its last concert with its old, familiar tool. Over the acoustic guitars, which Garcia used, is less well-known. Except the Martin mentioned above it played on different TAC amines - instruments and a 1939er Gibson super 400N, by which it is accepted that it is the last guitar, on the Garcia played.
In its will Jerry Garcia ordered that Doug Irwin should get all five guitars, which this had built for Garcia. The other volume members, excluded Phil Lesh, raised against it objection. Since the guitars would have been bought to that by the money volume, they could not have been Garcias exclusive possession. This controversy annoyed many fans, that were proud always on the not-commercial adjustment that volume. One agreed in January 1996 finally on the fact that Irwin might keep the models tiger and wolf. Since Irwin became impoverished 1998 due to a car accident, decided he, these guitars to auctions. Together they brought in 1.74 million US Dollar, whereby the buyers remained unknown.
into that in former times 70ern used Garcia nearly only one Wah Wah pedal of Vox. Into the late 70ern it extended its equipment by a Mutron Octave Divider, MXR Distortion and some other devices, e.g. the Mutron III car Wah, which one can hear on “Estimated prophet”. Into the late 80ern it used mainly Boss Effektgeräte, for example Octave Divider, turbo Overdrive and two effect loops. In addition it used extremely expensive Lexicon Effektgeräte, which were manufactured actually for use in the Studio.
1957 had made and took Jerry Garcia acquaintance with Marijuana since 1965 regularly drugs. Particularly against its heroin craze it fought long time. 1986 it fell into a coma of several days. The diagnosis: Diabetes. In the year 1991 it had a further collapse. 1992 had to be called off even the autumn route, because Jerry was too heavily gotten sick.
In the summer 1995 it went into a drug rehabilitation center 50 km north of San Francisco. It had told its volume colleague, it would go with its wife to Hawaii into the vacation. To 10. August 1995 around 4:23 clock was found being because of the soil to Jerry Garcia in its room by a nurse in the morning. It stated that it did not breathe no more. Attempts at revival remained unsuccessful. The cause of death was a cardiac infarct. To 13. August was held in golden the gate park a memory service, in which volume members, its family and friends and thousands of fans participated. US president Bill Clinton honoured it thereby as a “American icon”.
Jerry Garcia married 1963 Sarah Ruppenthal, with which it had its first daughter Heather. Of 31. December 1981 by January 1994 was it with Carolyn Adam Garcia, also well-known as Mountain Girl, married. With their it had the daughter Theresa. After the divorce he married Deborah Koons Garcia, with which he of 14. February 1994 up to its death was married. After its death an embittered controversy over its deduction broke out between its last both wives. Jerry had left a considerable fortune to his ex woman Carolyn. Its last wife doubted Jerrys responsibility due to his drug craze and tried to actually tear the fortune. The court decided in accordance with Jerrys will and awarded to Carolyn its part of the deduction.
Jerry Garcia was very active also as painters and draughtsmen. It created over 500 pictures and designs. It studied art to the California School OF Fine kind, which is called San Francisco kind of institutes now. In addition, he worked with water colors, pencil and ink, found favours at digital art, about which for example the Cover of the Grateful DEAD of album Infrared Roses witnesses.
In the USA there is a tie series, on which Jerry Garcias art is printed. In addition its pictures on labels are printed by Weinflaschen.
- 1971 - Hooteroll? (together with Howard Wales)
- 1972 - Garcia
- 1973 - live one RK the key clay/tone
- 1974 - Garcia (Compliments OF Garcia)
- 1976 - Reflections
- 1978 - Cats Under The of star
- 1982 - run For The Roses
- 1988 - key clay/tone Encores of volume. 1
- 1988 - Key clay/tone Encores of volume. 2
- 1988 - Almost Acoustic
- 1988 - live one RK the key clay/tone of volume. 1
- 1988 - Live RK the key clay/tone of volume. 2
- 1991 - Garcia/Grisman
- 1991 - Jerry Garcia volume
- 1993 - emergency for Kids Only
- 1996 - Shady Grove
- 1997 - How Sweet It Is
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|Wikiquote: Jerry Garcia - quotations|
|NAME||Garcia, Jerome John|
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||Garcia, Jerry|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||musician and picking up vein of the Grateful DEAD|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1. August 1942|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||San Francisco, California, the USA|
|DYING DATE||9. August 1995|
|DYING PLACE||Lagunitas Forest Knolls, California|