Jodok (holy)

Hl. Jodokus, chest picture (around 1889) of Moriz butcher, parish church pc. Christina, Ravensburg

Jodok (also Jodocus, Jodokus, Judochus, Jobst, Jost, Joost, Josse, Joist, Yuzek, Juzeg, Jeg, Jouveen, Judganoc and. A.) was a monastery founder, an a settler and a pilgrim, in 7. Century in the today's north France lived. Jodok is admired in the catholic church as holy.

Table of contents

lives

Jodok was born around 600/610 as branch of a prince sex allegedly in Gaël in Brittany; those about two hundred years later written Vita calls it son of the bretonischen king Juthaël. Jodok is to have done around 640 without its lay requirement for rule and became first a priest in services of Haymon, duke of Ponthieu. Eight years long it lived priests as an a settler in Brahic, starting from 652 was 13 years long it in Runiac in the Picardie. 665 it created a Einsiedelei, the germ cell of the late Beneditkinerabtei Saint Josse sur Mer designated after him in Runiac.

In late Lebensjahren Jodok is to be gepilgert to Rome. After its home coming it lived as an a settler and. A. in Runiac.

Jodok died around 670 (mostly the year 669 , in addition, 668 and 675 is called).

admiration

pc. - Jodoks church in land hat

after 800 is reported already briefly on its life in anonymous writings. The oldest anonymous Vita (biography) is received in two handwriting (Rouen U 26, U 32).

The admiration of the Hl. Jodok arrived over prayer brother shanks of the Benediktiner already early also into German-language areas, approximately into the Trierer Benediktinerkloster pc. Maximin (admiration in 9. Jh. occupied), the monastery Prüm (occupied in the 848/849 terminated Martyrologium wall Albert) and after Walberberg.

In early 9. The mortal remnants of the Jodok are to have arrived to century to England, them many decades later allegedly in the abbey Hyde (today to Winchester) were anyhow relocated and at 25. July 977 after Saint Josse sur Mer transfer. Thus Saint Josse became the place of pilgrimage, up to 12. /13. Century to one the most important European Pilgerziele became. In that 1296-1313 developed Epos racers of the Hugo of Trimberg the Wallfahrt is mentioned. Also in the appendix of the most popular medieval people book, that end 13. Century of Jacobus de Voragine wrote Legenda aurea, often is the biography of the Hl. Jodok.

Coat of arms of Immenstaad

something similar as Jakobus the older one or Rochus is considered to Jodok than patron of the pilgrims, travelers and boat operators, in addition than aids against fever and plague. Also as a protection patron of the bakers, the blind ones and patients he is called. Along Pilgerstrassen churches, chapels became particularly often and hospitals on the names hl. Jodok geweiht.

Several places (pc. Jost, pc. Jodok, job, Jostberg) carry its names (see also articles to the first name Jodok). The coat of arms of the municipality Immenstaad at the Bodensee, in which there is a Jodokskirche, unites the attributes of the Hl with Jakob shell, Pilgerstäbe and crown. Jodok. Also the reproduction of a historical Lädine (load punt ), resident in Immenstaad, carries the names of the boat operator and local patron pc. Jodok.

In fir mountain (Upper Palatinate) since a Gelübde of 1796 annually a rider pro assignment, is committed the Jodoks ride.

The anniversary hl. Jodok is the 13. December.

Jodok as motive of the art

Jodok is represented in the art as a settler, priest or pilgrim. A crown nearly always refers to its feet to the rule renouncement of the king son. In some representations Jodok pushes the crown with a staff into the earth, from which a source rises.

Anton Bruckner composed 1855 a Jodoks Kantate „pc. Jodok, branch from noble trunk “.

literature

  • Christoph Daxelmüller: Jodokus, hl.. In: Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, volume 5. Metzler, Stuttgart 1999, ISBN 3-476-01742-7, frame. 493f.
  • Andreas's Haasis Bernese: Pc. Jodokus in Konstanz to a again-found Pilgerzeichen. Institut for Ur and early history Freiburg, o. J. (approx. 1995-2000, on-line publication)
  • Jost Trier: The holy Jodocus. Its life and its admiration. At the same time a contribution for the history of the German name giving. M. & H. Marcus, Breslau 1924 (reproduction: Olms, Hildesheim and. A. 1977, ISBN 3-487-06210-0)

Web on the left of

Commons: Hl. Jodok - pictures, videos and/or audio files


 

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