Johann Adolph hate

Johann Adolph hate

Johann Adolph hate (* 25. March 1699 in mountain village; † 23. December 1783 in Venice), was an influential German composer Rococo.


hate received its earliest musical training from its father. Thereit a beautiful tenor voice had, joined it 1718 of the opera troop of pure hard Keiser . Its success led to a commitment at the yard theatre of Braunschweig Lueneburg, where it had 1721 its debut as a composer with the Opera seria Antioco. The success of this first work arranged thatDuke to send to hate for the completion of its studies to Italy. it went to 1722 to Neapel, studied first short time with Porpora, with which it got along however neither as humans nor as an artist. On the other hand it won the friendship of Alessandro Scarlatti, which itits first order for a serenade to two Singstimmen owed; it was sung with a family celebration of a wealthy buyer of two of the most famous Italian singers , Farinelli and Signora Tesi. Already in November 1723 it brought Tigrane on the stage.

Its popularity grew, and itsOpera Sesostrato, 1727 written for the royal opera in Neapel, made it (under the surname IL Sassone (the Sachse)) in completely Italy admits. In the same year it went as a Kapellmeister to Venice, where it met the celebrated Mezzosopranistin Faustina Bordoni, 1730 itsWoman became. The two artists took soon thereafter a generous offer of the cure prince August II. of Saxonia truely to come to Dresden. Cleofide remained for hate there first two years, traveled then again to Italy after success with the opera, where triumphs celebrate the married went to 1733 to London. Here it was stimulated by the clique to become , which was hostilely gesinnt trade, whose rival. This it leaned however off (possibly because he saw trade as the superior one) and remained only for a long time enough, around the samplesto supervise for its opera Artaserse ( first 1730 specified in Venice).

After the death of August II. the married couple hate established itself 1739 durably in Dresden. Under its line the Dresdens became yard chapel one of the best orchestras in Europe. 1756 made the seven-year-old warthe opera life in Dresden provisionally an end. After the death of the cure prince Friedrich August 1763 became hate without pension to dismiss, since of Saxonia was national budget in financial need. But was still too young hate, in order to rest itself on his Lorbeeren. It went with its family to Viennaand added his numerous works further operas. Hate became the favourite composer of the empress Maria Theresia. Its last stage work was written the opera Ruggiero to 1771, for the wedding of ore duke Ferdinand of Austria in Milan.

At the same opportunity a work became of thefourteen-year old Mozart specified, and hate noticed: “This Bur will exceed us all”. When desired its wife established itself hate at their place of birth Venice, where it died. It has its last Ruhestätte there in the church San Marcuola.


its compositions coverover 60 operas (many of it in different versions), besides Litaneien, Oratorien, Kantaten, fairs and nearly each kind of instrument valley music (among other things Concerts, Sonaten, Trios). During the bombardment of Dresden by the Prussian army in the year 1760 its library and thus most burned its Manuscripts, which had been collected for a total expenditure at expense of the cure prince.

Hate - together with the dear savingists Pietro Metastasio - over four decades long the music history of the Rococo time affected. It had a supply of gentle and ungekünstelten melodies, and this fact must its enormous popularity during its life to be attributed. It was one at most celebrated composer of its time Leopold Mozart called it „the Musick Vatter “. Its Intermezzi and Ouvertüren had considerable influence on the development of the sinfonischen work in Northern Germany. The two songs about, those Farinelli the melancholischen king Philipp V. from Spain ten years long each day before-before had, came both from hate. This concerns the airs “by questo dolce amplesso” and “Pallido IL brine” from Artaserse. Farinelli had sung therein one of the main roles.

There thatEmphasis of its work in the area - fashionable tendencies underlying - of the opera lay, however its fame faded after 1775 rapidly.

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