Johann George fitter

Johann George fitter (* 7. December 1739 in Frankfurt/Main; † 17. October 1799 in Frankfurt/Main) was a German lawyer, historian, statesman, political and philosophical writer of the clearing-up and translator; Brother-in-law Johann Wolfgang von Goethes.

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Johann George fitter originated from a civil Frankfurt family. His father Carl Erasmus sat in Frankfurt advice, the nut/mother Susanna Maria Orth was daughter of an outstanding buyer family. Its brother Hieronymus Peter Schlosser became a city politician in Frankfurt.

Fitter visited the High School in Frankfurt. As a pupil its special interest was considered to the classical languages. In addition it was interested in the contemporary German literature. It studied law in Jena (starting from 1758) and old village (starting from 1760). With a thesis over the guardianship right from Frankfurt/Main it locked 1762 and became a doctor of the rights. Subsequently, it practiced as an attorney in Frankfurt.

Starting from 1766 he was a secret secretary of the later duke Friedrich Eugen of Württemberg in Treptow to the Rega, where this commander of a Prussian regiment was.

1769 became fitter again lawyer in Frankfurt. There it wrote its Katechismus of the Sittenlehre for the land people to 1771. This stood contrary to the educating nature represented by state and church, announced it under the intellectual ones of the country and among other things by Christoph Martin how/as country highly was therefore praised.

Schlossers Wohnsitz in Emmendingen (heute Stadtbibliothek)
Fitter domicile in Emmendingen (today municipal library)

it became 1773 lawyer and writer in Emmendingen and markgräflich baadischer yard and Gegierungsrat in Karlsruhe. At the 1. November 1773 marriage with Goethe's sister Cornelia. Starting from 1774 it was upper office Weser and upper office man in the Mark county of Baden high mountain with residence in Emmendingen. Into the Emmendinger years exerted itself it particularly for reforms in the agriculture as well as in the social range. Besides it worked as a promoter of the mining industry and supported the building of factories. With its reform efforts it stood for the Mark count Karl Friedrich of bathing and its government pretty often contrary to its national gentlemen, in Karlsruhe.

After Cornelia fitter had already died 1777, he ground himself 1778 with the Frankfurterin Johanna Fahlmer, the familiar Goethe in its experiences and internal fights of his storm and urge period.

Fitter maintained contacts to scientists and philosophers not only in the South West German area of the realm at that time but also to such in Switzerland and in the Elsass such as Johann Caspar Lavater, Isaak Iselin (Illuminat), or God-dear Konrad Pfeffel. Also the poet Jakob Michael Reinhold spring was better some time of fitter guest in Emmendingen: The occasional mentally confused and difficult former way comrade of Goethe in common storm and urge times was given from in the meantime established Goethe to Emmendingen „in care “.

Goethe visited fitters in Emmendingen in the years 1775 and 1778. A last mark met both the 1793 in Heidelberg. In seal and truth Goethe describes briefly his relationship to fitter.

In the Katechismus of the Christian religion for the land people it attacked 1776 again the Protestant religiousness, why this writing was set and burned in Frankfurt on the index . Xenocrates, or over the deliveries from the year 1784 argues critically with the theories of the Physiokraten , which among other things in fitter national gentleman, who Mark counts Karl Friedrich von Baden had a weighty trailer.

1782/83 he was accepted in the Illuminatenorden with the name “Dion/Mahomed” and became here so-called “Provinzial” by Swabia, which region in the medal “Pannonien” was called. 1787 it became Provinzial of Freiburg/mash gau under the medal name “Euclides”. Fitter traveled several times to Switzerland and spent 1783 also longer time in Vienna. It was member of the Viennese Freimaurerloge “to the true unity”. 1785 it was appointed of the Freimaurerloge „as the noble prospectin Freiburg in mash gau as the first master of the chair and 1786 member of the Viennese Loge “as the truth” as well as afterwards to 1794 masters of the chair of the Loge “Karl as the agreement” in Karlsruhe.

In the year 1787 it as a secret archivist and secret yard advice in were restcorroded and to Karlsruhe into the federal state government shifted later. 1790 he was appointed there the director of the yard court and real one secret advice. Because of continuous differences with the Karlsruher government it separated 1794 from the baadischen service. Cause for its resignation was the direct intervention of the Mark count Karl Friedrich into current legal proceedings.

After a stopover in Ansbach fitter lived starting from 1796 as a private scholar in Eutin, where he maintained among other things contacts with Johann Heinrich Voss and the former Illuminaten Friedrich Leopold of Stolberg.

Already in its last Karlsruher years, in addition, from Ansbach and Eutin fitter argued critically with Immanuel Kant . It rejected its philosophy as life-strangely, reason-annoyingly and ethicalally precarious. Its attacks on Kant answered to this among other things with the writings of a recently raised distinguished clay/tone in philosophy (1796) and Verkündigung of the close conclusion of a treatise to the eternal peace in philosophy (1796). Fitter polarize-mix replications on these work led to the fact that these by Kant's trailers, among other things also by Friedrich Schlegel, were violently attacked. 1797 he became a counsel in Frankfurt/Main.

In his time fitter was also an important translator, particularly as the Greek one. Thus it translated among other things Plato, Aristoteles, Xenophon, Thukydides, Aischylos, Euripides, Aristophanes, Homer and Kallimachos. Its transmission of Aristoteles' Politeia was outstanding (1798).

1798 returned fitters to Frankfurt and by the advice of the city to the counsel were selected. Its work area was above all the Frankfurt foreign policy.



over Pedanterie and Pedanten, as a Wahrnung for the scholars of the XVIII. Century. Basel 1787. With e. Nachbemerkung hrsg. v. Alexander Kosenina. Revonnah publishing house Hanover. ISBN 3-927715-74-3.

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