Johann Gottfried Pahl

Johann Gottfried Pahl - since 1832 of Pahl - (* 12. June 1768 in Aalen; † 18. April 1839 in Stuttgart) was a württembergischer journalist and writer, an Evangelist clergyman, a historian and a politician. It is considered as one of the most important authors of the late clearing-up in Swabia.

Table of contents

lives

the son of a Lebküchners and a become impoverished buyer received a thorough old-linguistic instruction in Aalen under the Präzeptor Rieger. Pahl studied Protestant theology in old village starting from 1784, left however the university prematurely 1786 for financial reasons and had with Pfarrvikariaten (in specialized technical and Essingen) over water to hold itself. Inspired of the philosopher and catholic reform theologian the Jakobs salad and the writer Friedrich David Gräter in Swabian resound unfolded it already early a literary activity. As a village minister in the ritterschaftlichen Neubronn (starting from 1790) he wrote numerous writings, under it also the two romances Ulrich of rose stone (Basel 1795) and Bertha of Wöllstein (Nördlingen 1794).

he married 1791 in Aalen Ernestina Ehrhardt (1768-1850) from Stuttgart, with which he had six sons and eight daughters. The most important children were William matte house Pahl and Christian Pahl, both Gymnasialrektoren. The literary works Pahls should secure the maintenance for the rapidly growing family.

Pahl stood on the side of the clearing-up. Its writing life and Thaten of the venerable Paters Simpertus printed in Heilbronn: or history of the darkening of the Fürstenthums jet mountain; to the theory and warning for Obskuranten and reconnaissance aircraft written/of the brother Thomas, Pförtner at the Jesuiter High School to jet mountain. - WAD-guessed/advised: Gedr. at expense that welfare. Inquisition, 1799 dedicated itself sow-Irish Dillingen to the antiaufklärerischen efforts at the university. Due to this writing it came 1800 into the visor of the Austrian secret police.

In the mask of the Schulmeisters Sebastian Käsbohrer of goose lots, which defends the aristocracy, Pahl prangerte on into the 1790er years the privilege nature of the württembergischen aristocracy. Several extensive time-historical representations applied for the French revolution wars in South West German country.

Starting from 1801 it let Gmünd a political magazine appear Swabian with the printer knight in the realm city, the national chronicle Teut (from 1807 to 1809 under the title chronicle Teut). It became 1809 of king Friedrich I. from Württemberg forbade.

In the same year 1801 Pahl became an also lay civil servant Neubronn. In the secularization time it functioned as a government commissioner for prince Karl von Ligne, to who pin had been assigned the Edelstetten (1802-1804).

Its 1802 published novel Magister Ulrich Höllriegel 1989 were again published by Johannes weber and appreciated as source for the affair (1792/93) around the revolution-inspired political club at the Tübinger pin, to which Hölderlin and Hegel belonged.

1807 became Pahl honour member of the Pegnesi flower medal. it received the Pfarrstelle to 1808 from Affalterbach, 1814 changed it after spruce mountain. 1824 it became additionally Dekan of Gaildorf. 1832 it appointed the Generalsuperintendenten of Swabian resound with seat in Gaildorf. It was thereby now and at the same time personally the nobility belonging to Prälat. As Generalsuperintendent it was after § 133 of the Württembergi condition of 1819 also member of the chamber of deputies (second chamber) of the württembergischen conditions. However he had been already selected in December 1831 for Göppingen into the parliament.

1836 lent the king the knight cross of the medal of the Württembergi crown to it.

Pahl is buried on the Hoppenlau cemetery Stuttgart.

Few of its many writings (under it over 50 independent publications) appeared anonymous or under alias (Sebastian Käsbohrer, Alethinos, Athanasius worm seed).

appreciation

„one saw one of the most efficient and most clever men of the swabia country in it “wrote 1962 its Ururenkel Hermann of strict (life pictures from Swabia and Franconia Bd. 8, S. 161-177, here S. 176).

For Johannes weber resulted in the case of the view of Pahls biography and writings

the picture of an honour man and a Swabian reconnaissance aircraft, who are militant political attitudes - and only quite abstractly revolutionary cliches - abhold, but with courage and deciveness the principles of the reason and the social and political justice against the “Rückwärtserei” ancien régime and the restoration defends (weber 1990, S. 112f.).

Reminded of Pahl in its hometown Aalen one after it designated road. Nevertheless has one it certified that 1959 its birth house, at which a Gedenktafel was were torn off.

literature

  • German biographic archives
  • Johann Gottfried v. Pahl, memorablenesses from my life and from my time. After the death of the Verf. hrsg. of its son William Pahl. Tübingen: Fues, 1840 (extensive, alive written autobiography, main source of the secondary literature)
  • Eugen forge, Johann Gottfried Pahl (1768-1839), in: Magazine for württembergische national history 1 (1937), S. 189-223
  • William cook, Johann Gottfried Pahl. A son of the city Aalen, in: Aalener yearbook 1978, S. 143-169
  • Dieter fool, studies for late clearing-up in the German southwest. Stuttgart 1979, S. 317-355 ISBN 3-17-004364-1
  • Johann Gottfried Pahl, Ulrich Höllriegel: and instructive history of a Württembergi Magisters cure-two-lies. Hrsg., introduced and. commentated of Johannes weber. Frankfurt/Main: Island 1989 ISBN 3-458-16013-2
  • Johannes weber, Magister Ulrich Höllriegel and the French revolution. A novel as source of political activities in the Tübinger pin in the years 1792/93, in: The German novel of the late clearing-up, hrsg. by Harro Carpenter, Heidelberg 1990, S. 106-153
  • Hermann Bausinger, a little unsterblich. Tübingen 1996, S. 144-155 ISBN 3-928011-21-9
  • Klaus count, “… a stately Swabian knight, boldly and courageously… “Johann Gottfried Pahls romance “Ulrich of rose stone” (Basel 1795) in the Internet. In: in horn yearbook Swabian Gmünd 2005, S. 115-128

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