Johanngeorgenstadt

coat of arms map
Wappen von Johanngeorgenstadt Deutschlandkarte, Position von Johanngeorgenstadt hervorgehoben
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Saxonia
governmental district: Chemnitz
district: Aue Schwarzenberg
height: 650 - scarcely 1,000 m and. NN
surface: 29.59 km ²
inhabitants: 5.452 (30. September 2005)
Population density: 184 inhabitants for each km ²
postal zip code: 08349 (old: 9438)
Preselection: 03773
Kfz characteristics: ASZ (old: SZB)
Municipality key: 14 1 91 180
city arrangement: 12 quarters
address
of the city administration:
Eibenstocker road 67
08349 Johanngeorgenstadt
politics
mayor: Holger Hascheck (SPD)

Johanngeorgenstadt is a city in the Saxonian ore mountains. It lies directlyat the Czech border, is a nationally recognized Erholungsort and calls itself “city of the Schwibbogens “.

Table of contents

Geografie

Geographical layer

the city predominantly extends on the eastern slope nearly 900 m of the high chamfering mountain at the inlet the partial border of the width brook forming to the Czech republic into the black water. The next higher mountains in the environment of the city are the 1.019m high Auersberg, the 1,043 m high Blatenský vrch (disk mountain) and the 913 m high Rabenberg.

neighbour municipalities

adjacent municipalities in the district Aue Schwarzenberg are Breitenbrunn, Eibenstock and Sosa.

city arrangement

Johanngeorgenstadt consists of the local partsOld part of town (popularly called sock village), medium-sized town, new city, sulfur work, Jugel (upper and Unterjugel), hen mountain, Wittigsthal, lease house, home mountain (with Külliggut), riser village (with Haberlandmühle), Steinbach and Sauschwemme.

The quarter new upper house, designated after the old mine new upper house Saxonia, in that, put on after the Second World Waritself and. A. the operating vocational school “Martin Hoop “found, after 1991 was given up, completely torn off and wiederaufgeforstet.

climate

due to the altitude (the passport height of the road to the new city amounts to 892 m NN) often stretches the winter with its long lasting Schneedeckea half year out, so that Johanngeorgenstadt ranks among the snow-safest areas of Saxonia. Wind forces from 4 to 7 are the whole year over no rarity, which led to the fact that the place already in outgoing 19. Century became a popular summer-resort. There the there areain 18. Century in some publications as Saxonian Siberia was designated, reads one of the affectionate pointed names of the city Johannsibirsk.

history

to 23. February 1654 became of cure prince Johann George I. of Saxonia the establishment of Johanngeorgenstadt by böhmische Exulanten at the chamfering mountaindirectly at the Saxonian border in the office Schwarzenberg approves. 1680 was counted in the city and their environment about 100 ore pits. The mining industry on silver was expanded also since tin, reached around 1715 its high point, went however in the course 18. Century back.

Afterto the expiration of the 1656 granted free years left the cure prince of Saxonia due to the dominant poverty the national excise duty, shock and drink taxes up to the beginning 18. Century of the city. The large hunger emergency in the ore mountains demanded 1771/72 in the city of about 650 victims.

Already 1651 becametaken in the today's quarter Wittigsthal a hammer work in enterprise and 1828 by the there hammer gentleman Carl God-dear Nestler (1789-1864) the first functional iron sheet mill of Saxonia in the Haberlandmühle establishes. In 19. Century began among other things production of volume point and starting from 1860 of leather gloves. To 19. August 1867 destroyed a devastating major fire 287 of 355 houses of the city. Thereby 7 adults and 5 children died.

The first Grosssprungschanze Germany developed 1929 and carried the names Hans-Heinz-digs. 1934 were again taken up the mining industry stopped before. Starting from 1945 that experiencedTo uranium dismantling by the establishment SAY bismuth, late SDAG bismuth, a rapid, no consideration for humans and environment the taking upswing. A majority of the old part of town had to be broken off due to mountain damage starting from 1953 to 1960 to a large extent and it several new housing developments was established (centraland new city: Grundsteinlegung: 23. April 1952, Mühlberg, new upper house). From 1952 to 1957 Johanngeorgenstadt formed its own urban area, afterwards the place was integrated into the circle Schwarzenberg (today district Aue Schwarzenberg).

The locking of numerous enterprises of the glove, textile and furniture industry as well as mechanical engineering using starting from 1990 ensuredfor an enormous decrease of the total population the far under Vorkriegsniveau. This again entailed the outline more numerously empty-marriage-emptying marriage that residential buildings (particularly in new upper house, lease house and the medium-sized town). By the abort measures 2005 also one of the few culture thinking marks of the city were concerned: Between 1806 and1812 established and of the large city fire 1867 spared buildings of the mountain magazine with permission of the town councillor were torn off.

incorporations

inhabitant development

Einwohnerentwicklung
inhabitant development

development of the number of inhabitants (starting from 1955 31. December):

1815 to1946

1950 to 1971

1974 to 2004

data source from 1946 to 1976 (except 1953):Statistic yearbooks of the German Democratic Republic
data source starting from 1998: Statistic national office Saxonia

1 29. October
2 31. August

of the 5,748 inhabitants to 31. Decembers 2003 were male and 2,997 female 2,751 inhabitants.

politics

coat of arms

the Stadtwappen come outthe establishment time of the city.

Wappenbeschreibung: “Divided of silver over red; above three red buildings with towers, down small silver signs, therein black Schlägel and iron. “

partnerships between cities

culture and objects of interest

museums

Motiv am Pferdegöpel
motive because of the Pferdegöpel

nearby the sulfur working race is to 30. October 1993 inaugurated reproduction of a Pferdegöpels and a hat house with inspection possibility.

Likewise at the sulfur working race in the medium-sized town is a homeland room.

In the 1898/99 established and after a major fire to 7. August 1993 converted station buildings different exhibitions take place.

The lehr and looking mine “freshly luck” (Glöckl) in the quarter Wittigsthal.

music

Johanngeorgenstadt is place of origin of the erzgebirgischen group of people music “De Randfichten “. On the three musicians however only Michael rusty in the city lives.

In the context of the ore mountain branch society one of the teacher is A. D. Eberhard Mueller led group of singing actively.

buildings

Blick zur ev.-luth. Kirche
view to ev. - luth. Church
Stadtgründerdenkmal auf dem Marktplatz
green areas in the town the monument on the market place

the Evangelical-Lutheran town church became after the city fire, that the first Exulantenkirche from that 17. Century destroyed, in the again-gothicalStyle under use of the old tower brick-work establishes and to 27. August 1872 geweiht. On the inside are among other things the monumental paintings “house devotion” (also “praying miner” and “miner faith” mentioned) and “Exulantenschicksal” of the painter August gentleman man (1885-1962).

On the market place the fixed image of the city founder cure prince Johann standsGeorge I. of Saxonia (1585-1656). It 1863 of the sculptor Wilhelm swivel created renewed 1984 from Dresden from Postelwitzer sandstone and. Before it an outside staircase from granite and a wasserspeiender bear head are as reference to the kurfürstlichen hunts in the environment of the city.

Likewise upthe market place is the Schillerbrunnen. This was built 1859 and for the celebration 100. Birthday inaugurated by Friedrich of Schiller.

Further monuments on the market place are the light-grey Granitpostament of the war memorial (1870/71) and several Gedenksteine for the sons of the city. The 2 mhigh bronze figure of the war memorial was melted in the Second World War.

At the corner market place to the Carlsbad road was former Löbelhaus, now the only received building at the market. Here the Eckhaus of the first mayor Johann Löbel stood before the city fire of 1867D. A. Here stayed overnight to 1785 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe on its Karl bath journey in August. In former times the Goethe intending board been at the Truckenbrodt hotel “Saxonia yard” attached is today in the post office in the new city.

Weihe des Röderdenkmals 1901
Consecration of the Röderdenkmals 1901

on the Röderplatz is to 8. September 1901inaugurated monument for the poet and singer of the ore mountains, head master Christian Friedrich Röder (* 1827, † 1900) with a survive-large Büste.

Are furthermore worth seeing the place of the mountain man with music pavilion.

In the new city a cure-Saxonian post office mile column of 1728 is located, to their earlier location however the marketwas.

In the quarter Wittigsthal is beside the border crossing and the lehr and looking mine “freshly luck” (Glöckl) the manor-house of the earlier hammer work Wittigsthal of 1836.

Naturdenkmäler

Idyll am Haldenteich mit Blick auf die Stadt (vor 1917)
idyll at the waste dump pond with view of the city (1917 ago)
  • protected area of small Kranichsee (Hochmoor alsoProspect stand) in the local part hen mountain
  • Auersberg (1,019 m) with observation tower and mountain hotel

sport

a nature bath, which is fed by the sulfur brook, loads in the summer to the attendance in. The nature ice-skating stadium to digging, present nearby the bath, is opened in the winter season.

The Loipenzentrumin the quarter sulfur work was completed 2004 with a new function building and recognized as north IC active center of the German ski federation. Here in the winter the very popular ski Kammloipe over far glasswork and Mühlleithen begins until beautiful-hits a corner. Furthermore lift systems are available ski-haven-learn in the Külliggutgelände.

The forest-rich environmenta wonderful operating field offers to moving friends. Numerous marked moving ways lead to the surrounding objects of interest. Are even if trips like into the Czech republic, so for example on the 1043 m high disk mountain.

regular meetings

  • January: Border run
  • carnival time: different meetings for inhabitants and gueststhe city
  • 23. February: Town foundation day with mountain elevator and - service in the town church
  • March: Auersberglauf
  • July: Gugler nearly
  • August: Old part of town celebration in “sock village”
  • 3. Adventswochenende: Schwibbogenfest (Weihnachtsmarkt)

economics and infrastructure

traffic

Königlich-sächsischer Meilenstein bei Carlsfeld
royal-Saxonian milestone with Carl field
Kursächs. Postmeilensäule in der Neustadt
Kursächs. Post office mile column in the new city

Johanngeorgenstadtwas included into the post office road system of the cure principality of Saxonia. Of this time the Distanzsäule of 1728 before the post office in the new city, a complete mile column opposite the powder tower and a quarterly milestone in the local part Steinbach, reminds which both from 1725 come. Furthermore there is that in the environmentCity several royal-Saxonian milestones, which were set up in the years starting from 1858, so z. B. at the old post office course of Auerbach/Vogtl. over Carl field, Wildenthal after Johanngeorgenstadt. 1883 were taken the railway to Schwarzenberg in enterprise and 1945 existing the constant connection 1899 toover new DEK (Nejdek) after Karl bath (Karlovy Vary). Bus connections exist to Schwarzenberg and over Eibenstock after Rodewisch. By to 30. June 1991 effected Wiedererröffnung of the railway and of a pedestrian border crossing, which may be used also with small motor cycles, is the Czech neighbour municipality Potůčky(Width brook) to reach.

public mechanisms

Jugendherberge in der Hospitalstraße
youth hostel in the hospital route

the city hall is in a former barracks building at the Eibenstocker road in the medium-sized town. The old city hall was originally directly because of the market place, it to 1867 with the city fire was destroyed and its building of successors off 1955 torn off.

In direct proximity of the city administration is 2004 the furnished house of the youth.

The 1956 in the new city established cultural centerKarl Marx “are closed for many years.

Since 1927 a youth hostel exists, over 60 in the hospital route 5Guest beds orders.1986 were distinguished it with the title “most beautiful youth hostel”. The youth hostel carried the names Ernst Schneller and now the name of her founder Paul Mothes as far as 1990.

In the years 1930/31 to the Eibenstocker road established gymnasium became after Renoverierung and extension the endOctober 2004 as sport and meeting placeFranz Mehring “again opens.

education

  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi middle school (in former times High School), Schwarzenberger STR. 2
  • primary school, Schulstr. 15
  • Kurfürst Johann George school, Käthe Kollwitz STR. 16

personalities

honour citizens

  • 1665: Johann Löbel D. A. (* 1592, †1666), 1. Mayor, received from sächs. Cure prince the tax exemption for its house
  • 1680: Matte house Allius (* 1632, † 1701), city judges, received kurfürstliches house privilege because of earnings/services around the city
  • 1865: William Fischer (* 1796, † 1884), 1827-1835 mountain masters in Johann'stadt, donated 300 valleys forthe Haldensluster Gestift
  • 1868: Bernhard von Uhde, director of circle in Zwickau, strove for fast removal of the fire damage of 1867
  • 1869: Friedrich August Weidauer († 1897), mayors of Schwarzenberg, rendered help in the reconstruction of the city hall
  • 1869: Heinrich Moritz realm ELT († 1886) Markscheiderin Schwarzenberg, founder of Taufstein and mountain bell of the town church
  • 1870: Ernst Adolph Theodor sword (* 7. August 1782, † 6. August 1854), pharmacists and mayors, carried assistance out in the reconstruction of the city
  • 1874: Konrad Eduard Löhr († 1890), mayor in Bautzen, federal state parliament secretary, setitself for the railway construction one
  • 1874: Heinrich Otto von Erdmannsdorff (* 1815, † 1888), Mr. on beautiful field, federal state parliament member, supported building of railways
  • 1874: F. O. Strong one, member of the 2. Condition chamber, promoter of the building of railways from Schwarzenberg to Johanngeorgenstadt
  • 1874: Mehnert, commissioner and federal state parliament member, sat downfor railway construction after Johanngeorgenstadt one
  • 1874: Karl Eduard man field, director of court in Schwarzenberg, member of the 2. Condition chamber, promoter of the railway construction
  • 1874: Friedrich William Pfotenhauer (* 1812, † 1877), mayors of the city Dresden, promoter of building of railways
  • 1878: Christian Adolph steer (* 1801, † 1879), Kantor, deaconand minister, saved the church books with the city fire
  • 1880: Léonce Robert baron von Könneritz (* 1835, † 1890), Saxonian Minister of Finance, promoter of building of railways
  • 1880: Gustav Adolf Vodel, secret government advice and circle captain in Zwickau, supported the railway binding
  • 1889: Karl August soaping ore, town councillor and promoter of the public education
  • 1895: Prince Otto von Bismarck (* 1815, † 1898), realm chancellors, supported the reconstruction after the city fire 1867
  • 1901: Karl Anton Unger (* 1831, † 1909), factory owners in Dresden, donated several times money for the city and the woman association
  • 1911: Dr. jur. Dr.med. h. C.Otto Robert Georgi (* 1831, † 1918), Oberbürgermstr. v. Leipzig, founder D. Miner widow cash
  • 1913: Dr. Walter Glass (* 1874, † 1914), office judge, land military captain, founder and before. the winter sports association
  • 1918: Hermann Gerber, pensioner, donated money for support of poor ones in the 1. World war
  • 1919: Carl Hugo beautiful gentleman († 1925), factory owners in Leipzig, donated 1000 Marks for the arm care
  • 1933: Martin Mutschmann, LV realm governor in Saxonia
  • 2004: Christian plate, 1. Chairman of the ore mountain branch society (until 2005) and homeland researcher
  • 2004: Heiner Georgi, teacher and engaged church coworker

sons and daughters of the city

  • Johann Gabriel Löbel (* 1635, † 1696), glasswork and owner of color mill in Jugel, hammer gentleman in Wittigsthal and. Width brook
  • Carl God praise Beck (* 1733, † 1802), pulled 1763 after Nördlingen and created publishing house (today: Publishing house C. H. Beck)
  • AugustHeinrich of the Greens (* 1761, † 1848), post office master, acquaintance of Goethe, saved the city to 1813 from plundering
  • Christian God praise game (* 1785, † 1839) minister, is considered as a dialect poet of the ore mountains
  • Dr. phil. Gotthelf Gustav Gündel (* 1794, † 1860), friend of Goethe, educator in the house Frizzoni inBergamo/Italy
  • Oswald Lorenz (* 1806, † 1889), music teachers and. - writer, friend Robert Schumanns and editor its music magazine
  • Ludwig nobleman (* 1835, † 1925), manufacturer, founder of the Evangelist municipality in the mountain city plates (Horní Blatná)
  • Ernst Georg August tree garden (* 1837, † 1884), Oberförster,Inventor of the guidable rigid airship
  • Amatus Otto Unger (* 1838, † 1914), post office owner, Vorst. “straw material factories” combined Dresden, Fabrikbes. in Jonasmühle
  • Eugen Kircheisen († 1913), sculptors in Braunschweig, created 1895 the krieger and 1901 the Röderdenkmal
  • August max of Schreyer (* 1845, † 1922),Upper forest advice in Pulsnitz, poet of the song “Dr Vugelbeerbaam”
  • Professor. Dr. phil. et med. vet. To Oskar Röder (* 1862, † 1952), go. Medizinalrat, hospital leader of the veterinary faculty Leipzig
  • Emil Teubner (* 1877, † 1958), Holzschnitzer and sculptor, honour citizen of Aue (Saxonia)
  • Hans's C. Otto (*1879, † 1929), glove factory owners, last in Vienna, manufactured z. B. Bride gloves for emperor daughter
  • max of F. Schmidt, in the twenties director of music in New York, 1928 consecration of a “max Schmidt bank” at the elevator way
  • Dr. phil. Smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Truckenbrodt (* 1887, † 1961), teachers, attained a doctorate 1926 over westerzgeb.Volkskunde
Geburtsort der meisten Johanngeorgenstädter ab 1951 ist das Krankenhaus Erlabrunn (Erzgebirge)
place of birth of most Johanngeorgenstädter starting from 1951 is the hospital Erlabrunn (ore mountains)
  • Gustav shepherd (* 1906, † 1991), rudder olympia winners 1936 in the one
  • like-cuts briefly (* 1909), architect and commercial artist into Berlin
  • Günter Schmidt (* 1929), major general of the MfS
  • Professor. Dr. Heinz Eger (* 1932), the medical profession(Radiologist) and to professor to DO Ilmenau
  • André Hennicke (* 1959), actors, as “face of the new German film” designates
  • Björn Kircheisen (* 1983), sportsmen: Nordi combination, vice-world champion 2005
  • Sven Hannawald geb. Pöhler (* 1974), sportsmen: Ski jump

literature

  • angel sound Johann Christian: Descriptionthe Exulanten and mountain city Johanngeorgenstadt, Leipzig 1723 (extended reproduction: Stuttgart 1997)
  • Wolfgang Möhrig Marothi: Miriquidis Raunen. Saxonian and böhmische legends from the western high ore mountains (Johanngeorgenstadt and environment), Bd. 1-5, 1987-2001
  • Dieter full ore: Johanngeorgenstadt history & present, 1993
  • franc plate: Mining industry and mountain cityJohanngeorgenstadt (1654 - 1945), 2001

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coordinates: 50° 25 ' 60 " N 12° 43 ' 60 " O

 

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