John Ericsson

John Ericsson
John-Ericsson-Denkmal im Battery Park in New York City
John Ericsson-monument in the Battery park in New York town center

John Ericsson (* 31. July 1803 in Långbanshyttan; † 8. March 1889 in New York) was a Swedish engineer and inventor.

life in Europe

it occurred in the age of 17 years the Swedish army, in which it ascended 1822 to the second lieutenant. It left the army 1829 and went to England. Here he built the steam engine The Novelty, which participated in legendary running of Rainhill together with the Englishman Braithwaite. In its further work busy it itself with ship's propellers ( the Eric on propeller was designated after it) and with air engines. It created the first propeller-driven trading vessel, the Novelty.

life in America

in the year 1839 went Ericsson on Veranlassung of the captain Robert stick clay/tone into the USA and built there several ships, among other things the warship Princeton and the monitor, which were used in the American civil war.

With the Princeton a propeller was used for the first time under water, which released a new line of development in shipbuilding. Ericsson contributed also to the improvement of torpedoes , at that time Destroyer mentioned.

He built also a ship with air engine drive that however did not work satisfactorily. To its later inventions belongs the solar machine, which was certain to collect and make as heat source the sunlight in a special Brennspiegel directly usable.

John Ericsson died to 8. March 1889 in New York. Its body was transferred 1890 to Sweden.

The older brother of John Ericsson, Nils, was likewise an excellent engineer.


  • solar investigations. New York (1875) with an outline of its solar machine
  • Contributions ton the Centennial Exhibition. New York (1877)


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