Johor, in former times Johore (Jawi: جوهور, from the Arab word Jauhar, translates: Valuable stones)the southernmost Federal State of Malaysia with one is flattened from 19.984 km ². The capital and seat of the Sultans of Johor are Johor Bahru.
The old capital is Johor Lama.
based in early 16. Century of the son Mahmud Shad's, which became last before the Portuguese fled Sultan of Malakka, it into the Johorreich integrated that in the Riau archipelago prevailed. Although back conquest Malakkas seemed impossible, and disturbed Johor fought the Portuguese into their 130-jährigen rule and became thereby the opponent around control of the road of Malacca.
The history of the first hundred years is characterized by a series of succession to the throne quarrels and strategic alliances with regional Klans and foreign powers, in order to hold the political and economic weight in the strait. In the match with Aceh, in the northern Sumatra and Malakka under Portuguese supremacy, was Johor in the stängigen state of war with its rivals and forged alliances with friendly Malaii states naturally and with the Dutchmen. The dutchmen struck 1641 Malakka as well as Johor. Until 1660 the area flowered as movement of goods place, in which the dealers did not have to pay tariffs.
In late 17. and early 18. Century was reduced the influence Johors and the Bugis from Sulawesi (also “Wikinger Southeast Asia”) and the Minangkabau from Sumatra controlledpolitical power in the Johor Riaureich. to 1819 broke the realm into two parts. The mainland became ofTemenggong controls and the sultanate of Linga of the Bugis. Into this period the modern history of Johor began.
|Sultan of Johor||reign|
|Alauddin Riayat Shah II.||1528 - 1564|
|Muzaffar Shah II.||1564 - 1570|
|Abdul Jalil Shah I.||1570 - 1571|
|Ali Jalla Abdul Jalil Shah II.||1571 - 1597|
|Alauddin Riayat Shah III.||1597 - 1615|
|Abdullah Ma'ayat Shah||1615 - 1623|
|Abdul Jalil Shah III.||1623 - 1677|
|Ibrahim Shah||1677 - 1685|
|Mahmud Shah II.||1685 - 1699|
|Abdul Jalil IV. (Bendahara Abdul Jalil)||1699 - 1720|
|Abdul Jalil Rahmat Shah (Raja Kecil)||1718 - 1722|
|Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah||1722 - 1760|
|Abdul Jalil Muazzam Shah||1760 - 1761|
|Ahmad Riayat Shah||1761 - 1761|
|Mahmud Shah III.||1761 - 1812|
|Abdul Rahman Muazzam Shah||1812 - 1819|
|Hussein Shah (Tengku Long)||1819 - 1835|
|Ali||1835 - 1877|
|Raja Temenggung doing Ibrahim||1855 - 1862|
|Abu Bakar||1862 - 1895|
|Ibrahim||1895 - 1959|
|Ismail||1959 - 1981|
|Mahmud Iskandar aluminium-Haj||1981 - today|
Johor is divided into these areas:
- Johor Bahru 1817,8 km ², inhabitants: 1.064.881
- Pontian 919,5 km ², inhabitants: 143,729
- Kota Tinggi 3488,7 km ², inhabitants: 192,220
- Kluang 2851,8 km ², inhabitants: 254,631
- Segamat 2851,26 km ², inhabitants: 178,620
- Muar 2346,12 km ², inhabitants: 328,695
- Batu Pahat 1878 km ², inhabitants: 335,368
- Mersing 2838,6 km ², inhabitants: 67.557
|Malaysian Federal States and federal territories|
| This article or section is still incomplete and exhibits the following gaps :|
Coordinates: 1° 29 ' N, 103° 47 ' O