Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift (* 30. November 1667 in Dublin, Ireland; † 19. October 1745 in Dublin) was an English-Irish writer and more scharfzüngiger, this very day readable Satiriker. It wrote also under the following aliases: IsaacBickerstaff, A Dissenter, A person OF quality, A person OF Honour, M.B. Drape, T.R.D.J.S.D.O.P.I.I. (The Reverend Doctor Jonathan Swift, Dean OF Patrick's in Irish country), Dr. Shit

table of contents

life

Jonathan Swift the light of the world saw seven months after its father Jonathan Swift (senior) had died. Its first five Lebensjahre spent he with him zugetanen child girls in England, duringits nut/mother in Ireland remained, then however after Leicester (England) pulled. Jonathan was drawn up after the return to Dublin of relatives. it occurred 1682 the Dubliner university, at which it was noticeable as rebellious; he got its conclusion only„grace for the sake of “(by special favour).

To its training in Dublin it went to an influential statesman in the retirement to England and began a position as a secretary with Sir William Temple. After some years it won Sir Williams confidence,and further university training reached, this time in Oxford. Its relationship with Sir William, which saw a Emporkömmling in Swift, worsened thereafter. Swift returned to Ireland, and could to the priest in the anglikanischen church be ordinieren. He foundafterwards 1694 in keel Kiel an employment, which it gave up however due to the conditions of work and a renewed offer of Sir William.

The second employment with Sir William (from 1695 on ) became better. Swift completed here its first larger work, ATale OF A Tub (a ton fairy tale), and wrote the Books (the book battle ) to The Battle OF, which should appear both only to 1704 in pressure. Here it met also Esther Johnson, the illegitimate daughter Sir Temples, ofit Stella mentioned. Sir Williams death in the year 1698 terminated of Swift good position; he could not hope no more for a high position in the church in England, and pulled again to Ireland. Here he found again employment in the church.In addition also „Stella pulled “, with which Swift connected a deep friendship, in the nearby Trim.

Its literary career took 1701 with the anonymous publication of disagreement ion in Athens and Rome their beginning. With the appearance of the satires before already written A Tale OF A Tub and The Battle OF the Books secured itself Swift the call of a writer.

After failed political commitment, first for the Whigs, and after disappointment with their politics starting from 1710 for the Tories, terminateddeath Queen Annes the influence of the Tories, and thus also of Swift political career. It was 1710/1711 publishers of the Tory weekly paper Examiner. Also the ambitious Swift the political manipulation had with the Tories only to the Dekanat ofPc. Patrick in Dublin help. Scharfzüngige, political satires followed its return to Ireland, in which it attacked the exploitation of the Irish without means by English landowners. Some satires excited such a attention that the English government for discovering of theanonymous author 300 Pound out-praised. The letters of the cloth dealer W are famous. B. in Dublin (1723), in which he defamed the new English copper money in Ireland. The attack of archbishop Boulter, it incite the people, countered Swift with thatRemark I custom my fingers to only lift and you were torn into pieces.

Apart from his marriage with Esther Johnson, called Stella, did not maintain Swift a eleven-year old secret relationship with a young Mrs. Vanhomrigh („Vanessa “), the anything ofOf Swift earliest and and 1723 after revealing Swift knew died briefly. Of Swift woman 1728 died.

Swift suffered for a long time from an illness of the interior ear, which caused feelings of dizziness and to it at the age ever more added. A further illness ensured for the fact thatflint-like materials in its body collected themselves, mentioned by it Harngries.

Swift was considered as attractionable, impolite and eccentric. Its high measure of Exzentrität particularly shows its 1733 under the alias Dr. Shit wrote paper over Fäkalien human Ordur (Human excrement).

There are disputed assumptions that he was since 1740 in a condition of mental Umnachtung, before he became after an impact accumulation in the year 1742 the invalid and 1745 died.

literary work

of the early literaryLittle is received to attempts of Swift. Only after its return to Ireland are writings, which mark it as to today well-known Satiriker.

Its famous-notorious novel, The travels into several remotely nation OF the world by Lemuel Gulliver (dt. Gullivers journeys) was published 1726. Long time mainly as Kinderbuch outstandingly, and in shortened expenditures robs of its satire, it is often underestimated. In a kind Robinsonade describes Swift the journeys peculiarities Swift smiled at by Gulliver into different countries, of themwhen sharp points against the English dominant class, which generally uses Royal Academy and people nature.

It wrote thereafter several times against the conditions in English governed Ireland. Its most well-known satire is A Modest Proposal, where it for the solution ofPopulation of over, poverty and criminality suggest regarding Irish babies as food.

In the tax multiplication table (1728) first beginnings show up in the economics later admit become Laffer curve.

works

  • of disagreement ion in Athens and Rome (1701)
  • The Tale OF ATub (1704)
  • The Battle OF the Books (1704)
  • Bickerstaff Predictions for 1708 (1707)
  • The Sentiments OF A Church OF England one (1708)
  • argument against Abolishing Christianity (1708)
  • type character upon the Sacramental test (1708)
  • Project for the Advancement OF Learning (1709)
  • Ancient Prophecy (1709)
  • simmer Hamet' s Rod (1710)
  • Meditation upon A Broomstick (1710)
  • Short character OF the Earl OF Wharton (1710)
  • The Conduct OF the Allies (1711)
  • The Representation OF the House OF Commons on the State OF the nation (1711)
  • At ADDRESS OF Thanks ton the Queen (1711)
  • Proposal for Correcting, Improving, and Ascertaining the English Tongue (1712)
  • Reflections on the Barrier Treaty (1712)
  • Remarks on the Bishop OF Sarum's Introduction ton of His Third volume OF the History OF theReformation (1712)
  • journal ton of Stella (1710-13)
  • The publicly mirror-image-guessed/advised the Whigs to OF (1713?)
  • Free Thoughts on the State OF publicly Affairs
  • Cadenus and Vanessa (1713)
  • A Proposal for the universal Use OF Irish Manufactures, &c. (1720)
  • The drape' s Letters (1724)
  • Gulliver' s Travels (1726) (Gullivers journeys)
  • Miscellanies (1727)
  • A short view OF the state OF Irish country (Dublin, Harding, 1727/1728).
    • Reprint London: Pickering & Chatto, 2005. In: Leslie A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford: At account OF the giant, progress,and DEK LINE OF the more fever lately epidemical in Irish country.
  • A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children OF Poor People from Being A Burthen (1729)
  • A type character from the Grand Mistress OF the Female Free Masons ton of Mr. Harding, the printer (1731?)
  • The Day OF Judgment (1731)
  • verse on the Death OF Dr Swift (1731)
  • Rhapsody OF Poetry (1735?)
  • The Legion club (1736)
  • Upon Sleeping in Church (postum)
  • History OF the Peace OF Utrecht (postum)
  • Directions ton of Servants (postum)

literature

Melanie Maria Just: Jonathan Swift's on poetry: A rapsody: A critical edition with A historical introduction and commentary. Frankfurt/Main (among other things): Long, 2004. ISBN 3-631-53265-2; ISBN 0-8204-7391-x

literature

  • DirkF. Passport man/Heinz J. Vienken:The LIBRARY and Reading OF Jonathan Swift. A bio Bibliography Handbook. Part I: Swift' s LIBRARY, in Four volumes, Oxford and. A. 2003

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