Josef Mysliveček

Josef Mysliveček (* 9. March 1737 in Horní Šárka; † 4. February 1781 in Rome) was a Czech composer.

Table of contents

lives

Josef Myliveček was the son of Mueller. It and its twin brother Joachim probably received first instruction at the normal school of the Dominikaner at the Prager Saint Gallus church and at the Jesuiten - to High School in the Clementinum. Starting from 1744 the brothers studied philosophy and literature at the Prager university, which left Josef because of academic successes lacking however in March 1753 again. In May 1758 it occurred with its brother the parental mill enterprise; 1758 became them associates, 1761 Mueller masters. Soon thereafter Josef did without its inheritance.

It took composition instruction with Franz Johann Habermann (1706-1783) as well as organ instruction with Josef Seger (1716 - 1782); Money probably earned himself he as Violonist. 1763 it published its first, Vincenz count von Waldstein dedicated Opus: six symphonies, which are designated to June after the months January.

To 5. It, supported by the count Waldstein, left November 1763 Prague, in order to study in Venice singing and composition with Giovanni Battista Pescetti (1706-1766). Its first stage work, Semiramide, was specified 1765 in Bergamo. One called it because of its name inexpressible for Italians “IL Boemo” or “Venatorini” (the small hunter, like its name translated reads).

In December 1766 Myliveček received the order to compose IL Bellerofonte. It wrote the work within a short time and led it to 20. January 1767 in Neapel with as important singers as the tenor Anton Raaf (1714-1797) and the Sopranistin Caterina Gabrielli (La Gabrielli, 1730-nach 1796) up, with which it had a Liaison. The success of this opera brought a new Scittura to it: for the yard of Neapel it wrote Farnace, an opera, whose premiere was a triumphaler success. In this time he was a maximumpaid opera composer of Italy; its fame spread in completely Europe. 18 of its operas was copied for the yard by Portugal, printed in Paris, Amsterdam and London its works, which in 18. Century no matter of course was.

1768 was it in Prague, 1769 in Venice, Padua and Florenz. It met Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, to whom friendly relations developed, for the first time 1770 in Bologna, again to 15. May 1771 in Milan. 1772 it traveled to Vienna, where an order for opera had led it; here it made the acquaintance of Charles Burney, possibly also to Munich. 1773 were Mysliveček again in Italy, where he met again Mozart. To 4. November 1773 it led the performance of Orfeo OD Euridice of Christoph Willibald luck. In the same year he came to Munich, in order to specify its opera Erifile, which however no success had granted.

1775 showed up the first symptoms venerische illness, more exactly a Syphilis, which finally led to a disfiguring face paralysis and to the loss of its nose, also fought it with financial problems. 1777 was it again in Munich. Its operas Ezio and its Oratorium Abramo OD Isacco were specified with success. It had in the hospital, where Mozart visited it. It tried in vain to provide for Mozart an order for opera at an Italian theatre. After its return to Italy its star began to sink. 1779 fell through its opera arm IDA, also the following operas were no more success. After a painful operation - as futile attempt to heal its Syphilis one removed the nose for it - it died become impoverished and forgets in Rome. Sir Brady, an English friend and pupil, let it bury in San Lorenzo to Lucina, where to today its tomb is to be seen.

work

vowel music

fairs

  1. Paerum elegans D major (1772);
  2. D major measures (around 1772);
  3. Litanei D major (around 1777);
  4. Requiem E flat major;

Psalmen and other lithurgische forms

  1. Veni sponsa Christi g-moll (1771);
  2. Beatus Bernardy B major (around 1772);
  3. Ave splendus caeli G major;
  4. Laudate Dominum F major;
  5. Salvo Regina F major;

Oratorien

  1. IL Tobia (1769, Padua);
  2. IL pellegrini aluminium sepolcro (1770, Padua, verschollen);
  3. Adamo OD EH (24. May 1771 Florenz);
  4. Betulia liberata (1771, Padua, verschollen);
  5. Giuseppe risconosciuto (around 1771, Padua, verschollen);
  6. La passione di Gesù Cristo (1773, Florenz);
  7. La liberazione D' Israel (1775, Prague, verschollen);
  8. Isacco figura del talking gates (1776, Florenz; 1777 Munich);

Kantaten

  1. IL parnasso confuso (around 1765, Prague);
  2. Narciso aluminium fonte (1768, Padua, verschollen);
  3. Cantata by His Excellency. Marino Cavalli (1768, Padua, verschollen);
  4. Cantata per omni solenitate (1769, Prague);
  5. Alceste e Fileno (1770 ago, Prague);
  6. A 3 would CAN-do 6 voci (Neapel, verschollen);
  7. L' Elfrida (1774, Florenz, verschollen);
  8. Enea negl' elisi ovvero IL tempio dell' eternita (1777, Munich, verschollen);
  9. Arm IDA (around 1779);
  10. Ebbi non ti smarrir;
  11. La tempesta;
  12. 3 Notturni;

operas

are called in the following the text poets as well as date and place of the premiere (UA).

  1. Semiramide (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: 1766, Bergamo);
  2. IL Bellerofonte (libretto: G. Bonechi, UA: 20. January 1767, Neapel, Teatro San Carlo);
  3. Farnace (libretto: A.M. Lucchini, UA: 4. November 1767, Neapel, Teatro San Carlo);
  4. IL trionfo di Clelia (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: 26 December 1767, Turin, Teatro Regio);
  5. IL Demofoonte (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: 1769, Vendig Teatro San Benedetto);
  6. L'Ipermestra (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: 1769, Florenz);
  7. La Nitteti (libretto; P. Metastasio, UA: 1770, Bologna);
  8. Motezuma (libretto: V.A. Cigna Santi, UA: 23. January 1771, Florenz, Teatro della Pergola);
  9. IL gran Tamerlano (libretto: A. Piovene, UA: 26. December 1771, Milan, Teatro Regio Duc);
  10. II Demetrio (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: 1773, Pavia, Teatro Nuovo);
  11. Romolo OD Ersilia (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: 13. August 1773, Neapel, Teatro San Carlo);
  12. Antigona (libretto: G. Roccaforte, UA: 26. December 1773, Turin, Teatro Regio);
  13. La clemenza di Tito (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: 26. December 1773, Venice, Teatro San Benedetto);
  14. Atide (libretto: T. Stanzani, UA: 1774, Padua);
  15. Artaserse (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: 13. August 1774, Neapel, Teatro San Carlo);
  16. IL Demofoonte (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: 20. January 1775, Neapel, Teatro San Carlo);
  17. Ezio (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: 5. June 1775, Neapel, Teatro San Carlo);
  18. Adriano in Siria (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: 1776, Florenz, Teatro Cocomero);
  19. Ezio (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: 1777 Munich);
  20. La Calliroe (libretto: M. Verazi, UA: 30. May 1778, Neapel, Teatro San Carlo);
  21. L'Olimpiade (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: 4. November 1778, Neapel, Teatro San Carlo);
  22. La Circe (libretto: D. Perrell, UA: 1779, Venice, Teatro San Benedetto);
  23. IL Demetrio (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: 13. August 1779, Neapel, Teatro San Carlo);
  24. Arm IDA (libretto: G. Migliavacca, UA: 26 December 1779, Milan, Teatro della Scala);
  25. Medonte (libretto: G. de Gamerra, UA: Karnaval 1780, Rome, Teatro Argentina).
  26. Antigono (libretto: P. Metastasio, UA: Spring 1780, Rome, Teatro depression lady);

Melodram

Theoderich and Elisa (around 1778)

orchestra music

symphonies

  1. symphony C major, 1762;
  2. VI symphony A quattro (D major, G major, C major, F major, g-moll, D major) OI. 1, 1764;
  3. III symphony (D major, E flat major, B major = Ouvertüre to IL tronfi di Celia), 1769;
  4. III symphonies (F major, D major, G major), 1770 ago;
  5. VI symphony A 8 (D major = Ouvertüre to Semiramide, G major, C major, F major, B major, E flat major), 1771 ago;
  6. VI symphony A 8 (D major, F major, A major = Ouvertüre to Alceste e Fileno, C major, G major = Ouvertüre to IL parnaso confuso, D major), 1771 ago;
  7. Symphony D major, around 1771;
  8. Symphony E flat major around 1771;
  9. III symphonies F major, D major, C major (around 1771);
  10. Symphony D major, around 1771;
  11. VI Ouvertüren (C major, A major, F major, D major, B major, G major), 1772;
  12. VI symphonies (G major, E flat major, A major, E major, D major, B major), around 1775 (also as quartets delivers);
  13. VI symphonies (D major, B major, G major, E flat major, C major, F major, verschollen), 1776/77;
  14. VI symphony there orchestra (D major = Ouvertüre to Antigona, G major = Ouvertüre to Ezio (1775), D major = Ouvertüre to IL Demofoonte (1775), B major = Ouvertüre to Artaserse, D major = Ouvertüre to IL Demetrio (1773), D major = Ouvertüre to Adriano in Siria);
  15. Symphony D major = Ouvertüre to La Calliroe;
  16. VI symphonies (D major, F major, B major, E flat major, G major, C major), around 1778;
  17. II Ouvertüren (D major, F major);
  18. Symphony C major;
  19. II symphonies (F major, G major);
  20. Symphony F major;
  21. Symphony D major.

concerts

  1. Violinkonzert D major, around 1769;
  2. VI Violinkonzerte (E major, A major, F major, B major, D major, G major = Pasorale), around 1772;
  3. Violinkonzert C major, around 1772;
  4. Violinkonzert C major (also as Violoncellokonzert available), 1775 ago;
  5. Violonkonzert B major (keep incomplete);
  6. Cello concert C major (treatment of a Violinkonzertes);
  7. Flute concert D major;
  8. II Cembalokonzerte (B major, F major);
  9. VI Concertoni for 2 clarinets, 2 horns, bassoon solo and strike ago (up to a concert in E flat major verschollen), over 1774/76 and/or. 1777/78.

chamber music

Sonaten for a solo instrument

  1. III Sonate for violin and Basso (G major, C major, F major);
  2. II Sonaten for violin and Basso (A major, B major);
  3. Sonate C major for Violoncello and Basso (1770, verschollen);

Trios

  1. VI Trii for 2 violins and Basso (A major, g-moll, F major, E flat major, B major, C-moll), 1767, verschollen up to the Trio in E flat major;
  2. VI Sonates EN trio OI. 1 (C major, A major, D major, F major, A major, E flat major), 1772;
  3. VI Orchestra Trios for Two Violins and A Violoncello (No. 1 - 4 = No. 1-4 the Sonates EN trio, G major, B major), 1772;
  4. VI Sonates pour deux violons & bass OI. 4 (C major, G major, E flat major, A major, B major, F major), 1772;
  5. IV Trios (A major, F major, D major, G major);
  6. III individual Trios (E major, F major, G major);
  7. VI Trios pour feux flutes et bass OI. 5 (G major, C major (verschollen), A-moll, e-moll, D major (verschollen), B major);
  8. VI trii by flauto, violino e violoncello (D major, G major, C major, A major, F major, B major);
  9. Trio E flat major for horn, violin and Basso (verschollen);
  10. VI Sonaten for 2 Violoncello and Basso (A major, D major, G major, F major, C major, B major);
  11. Kassation for 2 clarinets and horn;

quartets

  1. VI caper quartets OI. 3 (A major, F major, B major, G major, E flat major, C major), 1768/69;
  2. VI caper quartets OI. 1 (E flat major, C major, D major, F major, B major, G major), 1778;
  3. VI Quatuors A deux violins, waist et bass (C major, F major, B major, E flat major, G major, A major);
  4. VI caper quartets (G major, E flat major, A major, E major, D major, B major), around 1775;
  5. Quartet /Sextett for 2 horns (ad libitum), caper quartet G major;

Quintette

  1. VI symphony concertanti o sia Quintetti OI. 2 (B major, E major, G major, A major, D major, C major), to it 2 horns ad libitum, 1767;
  2. VI Streichquintette (G major, E flat major, C major, A major, F major, B major), around 1773;
  3. VI Quintette for oboe or flute and string quintet (B major, D major, F major, C major, A major, E flat major, oboe/flute voice is missing the Quintette in C major, A major, E flat major), around 1777;
  4. VI Quintette for 2 oboes, 2 horns and bassoon (D major, G major, E flat major, B major, F major, C major), 1774/76 and/or. 1779;
  5. Kassation for 2 clarinets, 2 horns and bass B major;

Oktette

  1. 3 Bläseroktette (E flat major, E flat major, B major), 1774-76 and/or. 1777;

piano music

  1. VI Easy Divertimenti for the Harpsichord or Pianoforte (F major, A major, D major, B major, G major, C major), 1777;
  2. VI Easy Lessons for the Harpsichord or Pianoforte (C major, B major, A major, G major, F major, D major);
  3. Klaviersonate C major;

Violinsonaten

  1. VI Sonatas for the Piano Forte or Harpsichord with at Accompaniment for A Violin (E flat major, D major, C major, B major, G major, F major), 1775;
  2. VI Sonatas for the Piano Forte or Harpsichord with at Accompaniment for A Violin (D major, F major, E flat major, G major, B major, E flat major); around 1777;
  3. VI Sonatas Sonatas for the Piano Forte or Harpsichord with at Accompaniment for A Violin (D major, G major, C major, B major, F major, C major).

Web on the left of

  • {{#if:
| | * Literature of and over Josef Mysliveček in the catalog of the DDB

}}


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)