|Romanisierung revised:||Joseon Wangjo|
|McCune Reischauer:||Chosŏn Wangjo|
|history of Korea|
the Joseon dynasty was created by Yi Song gye, a general of the Goryeo dynasty, in the year 1392. After 1259 Korea were occupied by the Mongols, Yi terminated their rule by its seizure of power. The Joseon dynasty becomessometimes Yi-dynasty mentioned, because under Japanese colonial rule (1910 - 1945) this name was used.
During the Joseon dynasty the administration was centralized, the Konfuzianismus was accepted and thus into Korea a new moral system inserted.
1592 and 1597Korea was attacked by Japanese troops, but finally defended in the year 1598 with Chinese assistance. After these ideas the kingdom isolated itself appreciably. The dominant Oberschicht tried to prevent with the exception of China, contact with the external world. Sometimes for this reason Korea is asthe Hermit Kingdom admits.
Toward end 19. Century argued Japan and the Empire of China about the supremacy on the Korean peninsula. After Japan China in the years 1894 - 1895 martially struck, the Japanese influence over Korea strengthened. The country became firsta protectorate, but in the year 1910 as Japanese colony annektiert. This terminated the Joseon dynasty.
Korea was divided during the Joseon dynasty starting from 1314 in eight provinces (- DO), which appear until today in the administrative arrangement of the two Korean states:
- Chungcheong DO (Hangeul: 충청도; Hanja: 忠清道)
- Gangwon DO (Hangeul: 강원도; Hanja: 江原道)
- Gyeonggi DO (Hangeul: 경기도; Hanja: 京畿道)
- Gyeongsang DO (Hangeul: 경상도; Hanja: 慶尙道)
- Hamgyŏng DO (Hangeul: 함경도; Hanja: 咸鏡道)
- Hwanghae DO (Hangeul: 황해도; Hanja: 黃海道)
- Jeolla DO (Hangeul: 전라도; Hanja: 全羅道)
- P'yŏngan DO (Hangeul: 평안도; Hanja: 平安道)