Joseph Frings

Joseph cardinal Frings, later frequently also Josef, (* 6. February 1887 in Neuss; † 17. December 1978 in Cologne) was archbishop of the ore diocese Cologne.

Table of contents

lives

Joseph smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Frings as the second of eight children of the weaving mill manufacturer Heinrich Frings and his Mrs. Maria in Neuss was born. It studied mash gau and Bonn catholic theology since 1905 in Munich, Innsbruck , Freiburg in. To the priestit was geweiht 1910 in Cologne. It was first until 1913 active as Kaplan in Cologne tariff stick and then until 1915 to a study stay in Rome. it attained a doctorate to 1916 in Freiburg to the doctor of theology. It was from 1915 to 1922 ministers in Cologne Fühlingen, 1922 to 1924 directors/conductors of an orphanage in Neuss and from 1924 to 1937 ministers in Cologne brown field. From 1937 to 1942 it was subsequently, rain of the erzbischöflichen seminar for priests in Bensberg.

As a minister in brown field he came with the mayor at that time Konrad Adenauer into contact. AfterAdenauer's opinion Frings represented wrong ideas over child education. Until into the time as Adenauer chancellors and Frings were cardinal, the relationship of the two remained to each other cool expressed.

The office of the archbishop of Cologne, into which it at the 1. May 1942 was surprisingly appointed, dressed itfrom 1942 to 1969. Its Bischofsweihe took to 21. June 1942 the apostolische Nuntius in Germany archbishop Cesare Orsenigo in Cologne cathedral forwards. The National Socialist regime had forbidden to the press in Germany reporting on the consecration of the new archbishop from Cologne to; thus manageditself the Cologne catholics, by giving private classified advertisements up. The international press was however represented with the Weihefeierlichkeiten in Cologne cathedral, so that outside by Germany in the press on the consecration one reported at some places.

Its coat of arms saying read: Per hominibus constitutus (lat.:“Orders for humans”). To 21. It became common to February 1946 with Konrad count von Preysing and Clemens August count von Galen von Papst Pius XII. taken up to the Kardinalskollegium. As a cardinal priest the title church San Giovanni A Porta Latina was assigned to it. From 1945 to 1965 he was a chairman of the German bishop conference. In the year 1948 it became of Pius XII. appointed the high tread for the Flüchtlingswesen. Frings initiated 1954 to diocese sponsorship between the ore diocese, existing today, the Cologne and the ore diocese Tokyo, one of the first diocese sponsorships withinthe Roman-catholic church. 1958 he was initiator and joint founder of the welfare organization Misereor. Also the welfare organization Adveniat decreases/goes back 1961 to its public suggestion.

In the apron of the second Vatikani council Frings in Genova had a lecture with the title the council on the backgroundthe time situation in contrast to the first Vatikani council held. As a Pope Johannes XXIII.the manuscript of the lecture had gotten to later read, let it Frings to an audience into the Vatikan order. Frings, which was not safe whether its remarks had pleased the Pope,Dr. said in his humorous Köl kind to his secretary. Stroke ore Luthe, the later bishop von Essen: “Slopes SE m'r ens still dat ruude Mäntelche oem, who white whether et rivet et last Mohl is. “(You put again the red Mäntelchen to mearound, who white whether it will not be for the last time.) the Pope however appeared enthusiastically prepared him by the remarks Cologne cardinal and a cordial receipt.

Kardinal-Frings-Denkmal in Neuss
Cardinal Frings monument in Neuss
Frings belonged as a bishop to the participants of the second Vatikani council and was Member of the zehnköpfigen council presidency. Its freely in Latin language given speech for agenda in the opening session of the council (the first “Generalkongregation”), with which it a time of becoming acquainted with the council fathers before the adoption of resolutions over the composition of the council commissions demanded, prevented an execution of the council afterof the Kurie developed timetables. Also its - considerably of Joseph Ratzinger, which it Benedikt XVI wrote assigned council theologian and later Pope, - speech over the holy Offizium under the direction of cardinal Alfredo Ottaviani had substantial effects and led in the long run to the fundamentalTransformation of the authority to the Kongregation for the faith teachings.

Frings became 1963 honours more philister the K.St.V. Arminia Bonn in the KV and at the 3. May 1967 honour member of the A.V. Rhine stone Cologne in the CV. Its office for bishop laid down Frings in February 1969 for age reasons. Its eyesightbecame worse and worse, finally went blind he nearly completely. Once on its bad eyesight addressed Frings in Kölsch is to have answered: “Jot lure can do isch schläch, more ävver schläch hüre dat can isch jot.” (To see I know property badly, but badly to hear, that I can do well.).Its successor became Joseph Höffner.

Silvesterpredigt

Frings is the only archbishop of Cologne, to which the city lent Cologne. That happened 1967, in the same year to him also by its birth city Neuss one lent. The roadin Cologne, at which the today's became Erzbischöfliche house, which is been appropriate for domicile of the archbishop of Cologne, after it in cardinal Frings road renamed. It perpetuated with the word „fringsen “in the kölschen language. The term goes back on its to 31. December 1946 in thatPc. Engelbert church in Cologne Riehl Silvesterpredigt held, in which it with reference to the plunderings of coal courses and the bad supply situation implemented in a grimmigen winter:

„We live in times, since in the emergency also individual that will be allowed to take, which it for preservationits life and its health necessarily has, if he cannot attain it in other way, by his work or by requests. “

After it one called in Cologne „an organizing “from food and heating materials „fringsen “, in addition also sees Kohlenklau. The next set of the lecture

„howeverI believe that in many cases far beyond it went. And there there is only one way: return immediately wrong property, otherwise there is no pardon with God. “

often one did not notice thereby.

Frings died 1978. It became in the erzbischöflichen Gruft in Cologne cathedral buried.

politics

after the Second World War joined Frings 1946 - against the party-political neutrality of the Klerus expressly required from Rome - of the CDU. This step was for many rheinische catholics (also clerics), who faced a inter+denominational party critically beforethe signal to likewise support now the CDU instead of the CENTER. Although Frings after strong pressure from Rome already few months later again the CDU left applies its public than beginning of the Marginalisierungsprozesses of the catholic central party.

cardinal Frings society

in the year 1996hometown the “Josef cardinal Frings society was based to Neuss on the Rhine” in Frings'. Initiators of the registered association were three young students from Neuss: Carsten Greiwe, Ralf Roeb and Sebastian roses. The goal of the society is it to investigate lives and work of cardinal Frings scientificallyto make well-known and a broad public.

To 12. August 2000 became in Neuss of the cardinal Frings society initiated and established monument in honours of the former archbishop of Cologne and honour citizen of Neuss, Cologne and bath the Honnef of Joachim cardinal Meisner, the protector thatSociety, inaugurated.

On suggestion of the society 2005 the Rhine bridge Duesseldorf Neuss (“south bridge”) in cardinal Frings bridge was renamed.

The society publishes regularly the scientific newspaper of “carbon”.

works

  • “the unit of the Messiasidee in the gospels. A contribution for the theology of the new will ", Mainz: Kirchheim,1917. Zugl.: Freiburg in mash gau, Univ., Diss., 1916
  • “principles of catholic social teachings and timenear consequences”, Cologne 1947.
  • Responsibility and joint responsibility in the economy. What says the catholic social teachings about co-operation and participation?, Cologne Bachem, 1949.
  • “The relationship of the church to the Jews in the lightthe second Vatikani council, Cologne 1970.
  • “Orders for humans. Memories of the old archbishop of Cologne autobiography, Bachem, Cologne 1973.

literature

  • Froitzheim, Dieter (Hrsg.), cardinal Frings - lives and work. Vienna and, Cologne 1979. ISBN 3-87909-090-4
  • Kettel, Joachim: Josef cardinal Frings, life &Work Cologne archbishop in anecdotes, 1. Edition, J.P. Bachem publishing house, Cologne 2003. ISBN 3-7616-1670-8
  • Trippen, Norbert: Josef cardinal Frings, volume 1: Its working for the ore diocese Cologne and for the church in Germany, (= publications of the commission for contemporary history, row B: Research,94), publishing house Ferdinand Schöningh, Paderborn Munich vienna Zurich 2003.ISBN 3-506-79999-1
  • Trippen, Norbert: Josef cardinal Frings, volume 2: Its working for the world church and its last bishop years, (= publications of the commission for contemporary history, row B: Research, 94), publishing house Ferdinand Schöningh, Paderborn Munich vienna Zurich 2005. ISBN 3-506-71345-0

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to the word “fringsen” see also: Kohlenklau



 

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