Julius Fučík (author)

Julius Fučík (* 23. February 1903 in Prague; † 8. September 1943 in Berlin) was a Czech writer, journalist and communist culture politician.

Julius Fučík Denkmal in Dresden
Julius Fučík monument in Dresden

1913 pulls Fučík with its family from Prague to Pilsen and visits there the national six-form high school. Already as a twelve-year-old boy it planned the establishment of a newspaper named “Slovan” (the Slawe). It appeared both politically and literarily interested.

1920 it took up a study to Prague and joined the social-democratic party, whereby it was to be added to the current “linking”. In May 1921 this wing creates the communist party of Czechoslovakia (KPTsch). Fučík wrote then first culture contributions for the local party newspaper of the KPTsch Pilsen. After the completion of the study Fučík finds a position as an editor with the literary newspaper “Kmen “. Within the KPTsch he becomes responsible person for culture work. In the year 1929 it goes to the magazine of the literary critic František Xaver Šalda “Tvorba “. In addition it becomes constant coworker of the KPTsch newspaper “Rudé Právo “. In this time it came repeated to arrests Fučíks by the Czechoslovakian secret police.

1930 it visited the Soviet Union for 4 months and described then a very positive picture of the there situation. it went to 1934, again this time for 2 years, into the Soviet Union and wrote various reports, which worked again strongly parteiisch. After its return violent arguments with authors took place such as Jiří because and January Slavík, which criticized the stalinistischen developments. Fučík placed itself behind the Soviet Union and criticized a stating of such criticism as fatal.

In the result of the Munich conference the Prager government prevented the activity of the KPTsch to a large extent starting from September 1938. Fučík published now under alias in civil newspapers particularly to historical topics. After the invasion of the troops of National Socialist Germany in March 1939 Fučík engaged itself in the resistance. Occasionally it lived with its family now in Chotiměř. Later it went camouflaged than professor Horák to Prague. Starting from the spring 1941 it belonged to the central committee of the KPTsch. It provided handbills and tried the kp newspaper “Rudé Právo” regularly to publish.

To 24. April 1942 he was arrested in Prague, probably rather coincidentally with a raid. First it was arrested in the prison Pankrác and also cross-examined there and tortured. In this time its “report under the strand developed written”, which was smuggled by an attendant from the detention. In later years the authenticity was denied. At least the work in a preserved version appeared, since more unpleasant passages, which fit not completely into the picture resistance fighters, were painted.

In May 1943 it was brought to Germany. For somewhat more than 2 months it was only in Bautzen, arrested afterwards in Berlin. In Berlin he was accused of high treason. Notorious Roland Freisler led the presidency of the court. Fučík received the death penalty, to 8. September 1943 in Berlin Plötzensee was executed.

works

working Fučíks is in particular because of his Kritiklosigkeit in view of the Stalinismus strongly disputed.

  • “V zemi, kde zítra již znamená včera” (“a world, in which morning is already history”, 1932)
  • “Reportáž psaná well oprátce” (“report under the strand written”, 1945)

honours

in the socialist countries were designated after Fučík many roads and public mechanisms. After the collapse of socialism renaming took place however predominantly.


see also: Devětsil

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