Table of contents
Payers training took place at Kadetteninstitut Lobzowa with Krakau and 1857 at the Theresiani military academy in Viennese new city. Into the year 1859 fall Payers first provable stay in Frankfurt/Main, since its regiment was stationed in Mainz in this city and. To 24. June 1859 he experienced the Austrian defeat with Solferino and because of its employment was decorated. Its rank was some Unterleutnants2. Class in 36. Infantry regiment. The Monatsgage of the Unterleutnants Payer amounted to at this time 36 guldens. From 1860 to 1868 Payer at different places was stationed in upper Italy. It used this to explore and report on it different alpine summits also in writing. Thirty Erstbesteigungenin the Ortler - and Glocknergruppe are attributed to it.
1860 to 1862 was it at the troop in Verona. 1863 it undertook a mounting of the Grossglockners. 1864 he became a commander of the Lagunenforts Lombardo with Chioggia. 1865 - 1868 it undertook the bergsteigerischeDevelopment of the Ortlergruppe.1866 were decorated Payer with Custozza and promoted to first lieutenant. 1868 appointed it the war Minister personally as a general staff officer as military-geographical Institut to Vienna. There he was a teacher for history at the military academy. 1868 appointed it the university resound due to its bergsteigerischenResearch and publications to the Dr. phil. honour for the sake of.
Already at the age of 27 years Julius Payer was considered as experienced researchers of the high mountains, which controlled both scientific observations in nature and topographic connections reliably and likewise able was, to lay down its realizations in writing.
With Carl Weyprecht led Payer 1872 - 1874 the large Austria-Hungarian north pole expedition. It led its renaming in Franz Josephs country to the Wiederentdeckung of the Rönnebeck country (Nile Fredrik Rönnebeck, 1868) and.
1876 stayed to Julius from Payer to the recovery in Franzensbad. There it made the acquaintance for thathand Frankfurt banker wife Fanny can, geb. Gumpertz (* 19. July 1845). Its father Leopold Gumpertz had a bill brokerage on the Zeil 61 (directory 1872). Gumpertz had put 1839 down the Israeli tables citizen oath into Frankfurt. Fanny can was married with Frankfurt banker (business: Bleichstr.6) Beer Moses can, a nephew by Louis Rothschild. Fanny can was obviously very done of the famous mountain climber and polar researcher. It could be separated still in the same year and married Julius of Payer. To 15. November 1877 announced itself to Payer in Frankfurtresident.1877 to 1879 lived the pair in Frankfurt in the Hanauer highway 15 in eastend. Two children were born, first to 6. May 1877 in Bayonne the daughter Oliva Julia Fanny and to 15. May 1881 in Frankfurt the son Julius. Payer studied paintingat the institute for barn among professors Hasselhorst, Lutze and Sommer.
Further it concerned itself in Frankfurt with anatomy at corpses and the graphic perspective. On suggestion of Ferdinand Wagner it seized for the first time to the broad brush and painted oil pictures. Personal it was completely in the love tooits mondänen wife imprisoned. Thus Payer wrote 1878 from Frankfurt its friend, whom Africa travelers Gerhard Rohlfs ( 1831 - 1896) admitted that he, if he were not so lucky married, which would gladly have taken part in planned expedition into „the countries to the black chaps “.Payer continued its training 1880 - 1882 at the Munich academy under Alexander Wagner, whose composition and mark technology inspired it. In Munich Payer created a larger cycle of pictures over the Franklin Polarexpedition, for which he received the large medal of the Munich academy.To 31. Decembers 1882 logged out themselves the Payers officially from Frankfurt to Paris .
In Paris Payer had its studio in the Rue de Martin, where he took up influences of Constant, Bonnat, Cabanel, Gallait and Tattegrain. Im Atelier von Munkacsyerlernte er den wirkungsvollen Kontrastfrom bright white and samtenen blackbrown.1884 it lost an eye by infection. The debt to it it gave time of its life to his Mrs. Fanny, who had inappropriately dabbed it after the operation one blood-purely with Wattebäuschchen. In addition it was already from youth on short-sighted.For its paintings it received golden in each case medals in Paris 1887 and 1889 in Munich 1885 in Berlin 1888 and in Chicago 1894. 1890 separated Julius from Payer from woman and children, who remained living in Paris. Allegedly had Fanny of Payera pronounced slope to the social life. Their is to have been been very much to show the famous north polar researcher everywhere what obviously increasingly displeased Payer. To the separation Payer returned to Vienna.
In Vienna Payer referred again its old dwelling in the Bechardgasse 14. There, in, he opened a mark school for young ladies to former studio of Hans Makart. Among its pupils was also Helene Lillmann from Frankfurt. Since 1892 it felt ill and at nervous exhaustion (Neurasthenie) suffering. in addition, 1892 developed its most famous picture „never back “. Since 1895 it pointed interest in planning to a German South Pole expedition. 1898 visited it Fridtjof Nansen in Vienna. He earned a part of its getting along by lectures; thus it held their 1228 in 18 years. For Tirol Payer was coworker of the Baedeker.
Into the 1890erIt took its daughter ennobles, who came of an earlier relationship to years, to itself. Around 1903 it came far away into oblivion. Certainly it received annually in this year a grace content from 6000 crowns up to the end of life. Its he spent summer vacation regularly in bath Veldes to Veldeser lake between Juli alps and Karawanken. It was trailer of the cure methods of the Ruckli institute with expanded summer baths. To 26. May 1912 met it, that was up to then from iron health, an impact accumulation, which robbed it of the language. It were only written ones Communication possible. Its isolation became larger after the marriage of the daughter ennobles with the first lieutenant v. Manker Lerchenstein. Therefore it lived together in the last years with a Wienerin in before-similar community. Payer died to 29. August 1915 in the Slovenian Veldes at a heart accumulation. It becameto 4. September 1915 buried in an honour grave at the Viennese central cemetery.
1921 lived in Paris in the Rue de Pergolèse 44 its son Jules de Payer and its Mrs. Alice. This was a moderately successful novel authoress. Enrich Indian had its desire on Alicede Payer thrown and it their man estranged made. As remuneration the Indian offered Jules de Payer to equip it with the moneys of a Himalayaexpedition. The answer Jules de Payers to this offer is not received.
- the Austrian-Hungarian north pole expedition in the years 1872-1874, together with a sketch of the second German north pole expedition 1869-1870 and the polar expedition of 1871. Time running edition, Amsterdam 1983, ISBN 90-6182-761-2 (Repr. D. Expenditure.Vienna 1876)
of special books
- Claudia Hamm (Hrsg.): The frights of the ice and the darkness. Austria and the arctic (Exhibition catalog). Army-historical museum, Vienna 1996
- Martin Mueller: Julius of Payer. A pioneer of the alpine and polar research and painter of the polar world. Scientific VG,Stuttgart 1956
barking trichloroethylene TIC
- Christoph Ransmayr: The frights of the ice and the darkness. Novel. Fischer, Frankfurt/M. 2003, ISBN 3-596-25419-1
Web on the left of
| | * Literature of and over Julius Payer in the catalog of the DDB
- Andreas Pöschek: Secret north pole.The Austrian-Hungarian north pole expedition 1872-1874. - Scientific work 1999 (as pdf here down loadable)
- Payer Weyprecht Gedächtnisexpedition
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||Julius of Payer|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||of Austrian-Hungarian polar and alpine researchers, Kartograf and professor of the military academy.|
|DATE OF BIRTH||2. September 1841|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Schönau with Teplitz|
|DYING DATE||29. August 1915|
|DYING PLACE||Veldes (Bled, Slovenia)|