Junkers Ju 88

Junkers Ju 88
Junkers Ju 88

with the Junkers Ju 88 concerns it a twin-engine midwing monoplane with retractable chassis and first three men crew. Major task of the Ju-88 were bomb attacks, which could be implemented both in the horizontal and in the präzieserem dive. Due to theirOutlines with the two engines and the Pilotenkanzel it received to the pointed names Dreifinger Ju. The Ju 88 was one of the standard combat aircraft of the Air Force of the 3. Rich. The drive took place via two 12-Zylinder-V-Motoren of the type Junkers Jumo 211, later 213, or through radial engines BMW 801. ThatFirst flight took place to 21. December 1936.

With outbreak 2. World war the Ju 88 at all fronts up to the end of war was used, whereby this type of aircraft was not considered initially as matured and even better performance data furnished the He-111-Modelle. In later years the Ju-88 overtrumped howeverthe He-111.

Beside its actual role as divable bombers this type was built and used also as hunter / night fighter and reconnaissance aircraft. Were manufactured altogether about 15,000 pieces of this airplane.

Probably no airplane was used successfully in so many different areas of application as as thoseJunkers Ju 88. For example she as torpedo bomber, heavy hunter , night fighter , bomber, reconnaissance aircraft , flying bomb (Mistel) was used and as destroyer .

It exists a very large number of different series.

However there were also some difficulties: When starting, upthe runway, the pilot had to operate the brakes briefly, so that the tail could separate from the soil, which led for untrained crews to the so-called “flier monument”. (Nose at the soil, and the tail rise up into the sky)

table of contents

technical data

Ju 88 A-4

  • targeted application: divable bomber
  • span: 20.08 m
  • length: 14.40 m
  • height: 4.85 m
  • bearing area: 54.5 m ²
  • engine: twoJunkers Jumo 211 J V12-Motoren with ever 1,410 HP of take-off power
  • maximum speed: 470 km/h
  • service ceiling: 8,200 m
  • range: 2,730 km (without bombs)
  • max. ones. Takeoff weight: 14,000 kg
  • of crew: four
  • armament:
    • Five 7.92 mm mg of 81 machine guns
    • a 13 mm mg 131 machine gun
    • up to 500kg of bomb load internally (ten 50 kg bombs)
    • up to 3.000 kg of bomb load externally:
      • Four wing carriers for up to 1.000 kg (inside) and 500 kg (exterior) heavy bombs

Ju 88 C-6 (1942-44)

targeted application: Fighter-bomber/destroyer (C-6a) and night fighter (C-6b)

  • span: 20.08 m
  • length: 14,36m
  • height: 5.05 m
  • bearing area: 54.53 m ²
  • bearing area load: 224 kg/m ²
  • engine: two Junkers Jumo 211 J V12-Motoren with ever 1,410 HP of take-off power
  • flying weight: 12,332 kg
  • of maximum speed: 494 km/h in Volldruckhöhe
  • of ceiling: 9,900 m
  • gradeability: 540 m/min
  • range: 1,050 km (without auxiliary fuel)
  • armament C6a:
20mm of cannon mg FF/M and three 7,92 mm mg 17 in the nose
a mobile 7,92 mm mg 81Z (double-barreled mg 81) or a 13 mm mg 131 to the rear above firing
optional in the drip tray: two mg FF/M frontally (destroyers) or
optional in thatDrip tray: a mobile 7,92 mm mg 81Z or 13 mm mg 131 to the rear down firing (fighter-bombers)
500 kg at bombs internally, up to 2.000 kg externally at two stations (fighter-bomber)
  • armament C-6b:
Three 20mm-Kanonen mg FF/M in nose and drip tray as well as three 7.92mmMg 17 in the nose
a mobile 7,92 mm mg 81Z (double-barreled mg 81) or a 13 mm mg 131 to the rear above firing
optional/later usually two 20 mm cannons mg 151/20 in the trunk ~60 degree forward above firing (bevel music)
  • radar C-6b:
Early modelspossibly without radar or with infrared display terminal “tension adjuster”
join 202 Liechtenstein B/C (at the end of of 1942) m join 212 Liechtenstein c1 (in the middle of 1943), join 220 Liechtenstein SN2 (at the beginning of of 1944)
join 350 Naxos z as passive radar receivers

Ju 88 G-6 (1944-45)

  • targeted application: Night fighter
  • length: 15.55 m (16,50 mwith radar)
  • height: 4.85 m
  • span: 20.08 m
  • bearing area: 54.53 m ²
  • bearing area load: 239 kg/m ²
  • engine: two Junkers Jumo 213 A V12-Motoren with ever 1,750 HP of take-off power
  • maximum speed: 625 km/h
  • ceiling: 10,000 m
  • gradeability: 505 m/min
  • range: 2,250 km (with additional fuel)
  • maximum takeoff weight: ~14,500 kg
  • of armament:
Four 20 mm cannons mg 151/20 frontally and a 13 mm mg 131 mobile to the rear above firing
two 20 mm cannons mg 151/20 in the hineren trunk ~60 degree forward above firing (bevel music)
  • radar (active):
Join 220 Liechtenstein SN2(Standard), possibly some with join 228 Liechtenstein SN3 (late/very rarely) or
join 218 Neptun V/R with warning of kind of rear wall of hostile night fighters
very late models with join 240 “Berlin” (April/May 1945, about 30 built/reequipped))
  • Radar (passive):
Join 350 Naxos z for focusing of “H2S” emissions
join 227Flensburg for focusing of “Monica” emissions

other versions

  • Ju 88 D: Reconnaissance aircraft, from the A-row derived, with increased range or camera equipment, maximum speed approx. 560 km/h,
  • Ju 88 H: Remote hunter, for the application over lake - cell extended.
  • Ju 88 P: Bomber destroyer, change ofBombers of the A-row, with cannons of 37, 50 and 75 mm, only few built, because of technical problems.
  • Ju 88 R: improved night fighter, cell of the C-6 with BMW 801 - engines
  • Ju 88 S: High-speed bomber with aerodynamically clean glass nose and without car, therefore small defense armament and also BMW 801 - Engines (maximum speed approx. 600 km/h, planned for the application over England &. West front; available starting from spring 1944)
  • Ju 88 T: Reconnaissance aircraft, derived from the Ju 88 S, only few built
  • Ju 188: Advancement as bomber (A-1 &. E-1) more /Torpedobomber 188 (E-2) /Aufklärer (D &. F)
  • Ju 288: Advancement as bombers/reconnaissance aircraft (drive Jumo 222, which became series ripe never) as Junkers contribution to the so-called B-Bomberprogramm. A total miss, which forced the advancement and use of the older German bombers from the 30's to 1945.
  • Ju 388: Advancement as bombers/reconnaissance aircraft/night fighters for largeTo heights

see also

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