Jupiter, Latin Iup (p) iter, was the highest divinity of the Romans. The Romans originally transferred the God specified in the Greek mythology Zeus, howall other main Gods, almost congruently into their legend world.
The name sits down together out (D) is („Deus “) and more pater (lat. „Father “), old-Indian Dyaus pitar, and originally means „sky father “.
Jupiter, son of the Saturn and the Ops, was for lightning and Thunder responsibly (see also: Thor) and punished oath-fragile with the sending of lightnings. A further attribute Jupiters is the eagle, often sits these to its feet. The name of the month May is derived from Iupiter Maius, growthJupiter bringing. From the temple of the Jupiter the Roman field gentlemen and also a possible triumphant advance took off ended here. The Roman priest of the Jupiter Flemings dia.-read called.
Jupiter is considered as a father of many God inside and Gods. In addition was itthe God of the large courage (therefore it German „affablly “of latin genitive Iovis). Jupiter maintained many other relations with mostly pretty young women apart from its marriage with Iuno, the goddess of the stove fire, so for example Europe, which it approached in form of a bull and which was led away on its back over the sea from small Asia. The metaphor, which describes the propagation of the agriculture of the Levante to Europe ( original Crete), becomes inGreek myth connected with Zeus. For the annoyance of its wife he loved also the young and beautiful Ganymed, which he robbed in eagle shape away from the earth and as if mouth-give to the Olymp shifted. Jupiter had also with many differentyoung women and virgins dear shank, so also with IO, with which it witnessed to Epaphus, with Callisto, a Gefolgin of the Diana, and with Semele.
As many other antique Gods Jupiter with different cult surnames became dear, which stressed certain in each case aspectsor were connected with individual locations, and/or. local Gods vereinnamten. Highest God as part of the Capitolini Trias was Iuppiter Optimus Maximus („the best and largest “), also Iuppiter Capitolinus, because its temple stood on the Kapitol. Further developments were Iuppiter stator („that the enemies for standing brings “) and Iuppiter Feretrius („the Schleuderer “). In allegedly the temple of the latter created by Romulus, to the oldest temples of Rome belonged to that, spolia opima one geweiht. There became also silex,holier, to the measurer polished flint keeps, with which at the time of the conclusion of a contract a piglet was slaughtered.
In the Roman Germanien one maintained the cult of the Jupiters with the Jupitergigantensäulen in such a way specified.
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