royal sovereignty is in former times a novel of Thomas's man. It developed between 1905 and 1909 and thus in the first four marriage years of Thomas and Katia man, whose “romance” it, fairy taleful fitted out, tells. The 1909 for the first time in the new one round-look and in book form published work shortly thereafter encountered at the public on large enthusiasm, at the professional world in addition, criticism.
Table of contents
situation in the Grand Duchy of Grimmburg
the novel plays around the turn to 20. Century in the fictitious German central state Grimmburg, that despite the efforts of the Ministers Trümmerhauff, Dr. Krippenreuther and Knobelsdorff are coined/shaped by economic purge and high national indebtedness. The agriculture is underdeveloped, the mines exhausted, the railway unprofitable, the university provinziell. The cure - an income from the welfare-strong Ditlindenquelle holds itself within limits, which purge countless locks scattered over the country. Sense-figurativy for this a rose stick is located in the yard of the old person of lock, whose blooms regardless of after normal outside shape decay smell.
Klaus Heinrichs birth
the only son of the Grand Duke, prince Albrecht, is kränklich; one therefore does not expect that he achieves a higher age. In as much the joy is large as in six-year distance to Albrecht a second prince, is born Klaus Heinrich. It is clouded directly with the first meeting of the Grand Duke with its son by the discovery that the child has a stunted left hand and a shortened left arm. The Jewish physician Dr. present beside the actual body physician with the birth. Sammet explains this impairment as amniotische inhibition. The father should be glad that it nevertheless came to no complete Amputation the hand. Another advisor of the king refers, around him to trösten, to an old gypsy pointing saying, after which once a prince is born, that the country with a hand more will give than other one with two. But the fact that this left hand to kaschieren, which Klaus Heinrich early and is stopped to hide will completely represent a constant impairment to aligned lives with its on representation, leaves itself not to denials, is nevertheless „the sight of the prince […] its people arouse other feelings than compassion.“
Klaus Heinrichs education
Klaus Heinrich grows up with his brothers and sisters. With its two years younger sister, princess Ditlinde, he spends more time than with much the shy and arrogant older brother. The two are according to rank educated, first of a house teacher, a “madame from Switzerland “, whose heaviest and most effective punishment consists of regarding their favorites „sadly “. Everything signals its special conditions to it: “You pure, you fine “, seems in all expressions to be read to have, and so he through-lives his childhood over-protected and out of touch with reality. The favourite occupation of two younger brothers and sisters is „the Stöbern “- which search for unknown areas and articles in the bent old person lock, in which they grow up. At such opportunity they meet once a supplier erred, the shoemaker Hinnerke, which opens the eyes for it for them that they live in headlight ELT and in particular to the corruption hidden behind the friendly front of the Lakaien and malice refers.
Later Klaus Heinrich on lock Fasanerie is informed together with a small crowd of selected schoolmates. Professor Kürtchen treats certainly it with all indulgence: Thus it calls it only if the prince showed by the kind of announcing that he can also answer. He always speaks of the “high occupation “of the prince. To the schoolmates the prince can due to his special birth, in addition, the delicate and anmassenden attitude of the young aristocrats no really comradely relationship to construct.
A nearly friendly relationship connects it however with the young auxiliary teacher Dr. Raoul over leg, a little suffered Sonderling. Extraordinarily ugly, grown up, then however developed unrestrained ambition after own words a “Malheur of birth “, he is as an illegitimate child under ärmlichen life circumstances in a care family. With each opportunity reproaches it to the pupils, differently than it has it already “the wind around the nose blow themselves to leave “. It treats and wins Klaus Heinrich not with the devoten consideration of the other teachers thereby his heart. When Klaus Heinrich, how it is usual, for which last school year into the great of the public High School is shifted, he requires also that over leg, that by the way with Dr. Sammet is friendly, its Mentor remains.
Into this time an embarrassing experience falls: Klaus Heinrich danced on the annually taking place citizen ball with enthusiasm and, first in quite harmless way, at the community with the young people, which remained so often malfunctioned for him, was pleased. With enthusiasm it uses the word „we “in each sentence. But when over leg, which left the prince some time from the eyes, returns to the ballroom, it finds a degrading scene: Klaus Heinrich, a Bowlendeckel on the head and also otherwise not its conditions appropriately decorated, takes the Huldigungen of the beschwipsten youth against, which used the situation obviously duly, to the prince to itself “down, down, for pulling down “.
Klaus Heinrich does not put per forma the maturity examination off the most frequent question with this ceremony is true „, to sovereignty?“- and an education journey start , which serves beside the purpose to inaugurate it in an appropriate way into the secrets of the sex life. It visits one year long the university and becomes member of a student connection, whose hard drinking and swotting customs for him are reduced on a “sinniges approximate “. Finally it occurs as a second lieutenant the grossherzogliche Gardefüsilierregiment , soon to the major is carried, without the soldier life to have certainly ever divided, and finally refers as domicile lock Eremitage.
Klaus Heinrich as a prince
after the death of the Grand Duke goes the crown on Klaus Heinrichs to older brother Albrecht II. over, which leaves however very soon to it the little welcome representation obligations Klaus Heinrich and it for this the title „royal sovereignty “transfers.
In the future Klaus Heinrich follows its „high occupation “: Whether it puts the foundation-stone for a city hall or paces down a veteran parade, whether he lends prices with the Fünfhausener Fischer days or an agriculture exhibition open, everywhere „celebration and honour day, gentleman light are the people in celebrations, make a sea protest themselves the grey life and become poetry “. The most necessary technical instruction is suitable the prince before such causes on, additions lets it locally hastily from its coworkers soufflieren, complaints of subjects receives itself it „seriously “, without certainly engaging itself in the thing. Even those the people generously granted „free audiences “turned out whether their formal stiffness and the technical Imkompetenz of the prince to the farce.
the family Spoelmann
a daily says itself the American steel magnat and billionaire Samuel Spoelmannn, a true “Leviathan “, a” bird smelled “, to the cure in the Residenzstadt on, over there with the welfare-strong water of the Ditlindenquelle a renal disease to couriers. It does to him so well that it one year after with its daughter Imma, their society lady, the mad countess Löwenjoul, his body physician Dr. Watercloose, his hysterischen Collie Perceval as well as further personnel finally into the Grand Duchy moves and at a stately price the lock dolphin place there acquires.
Soon the Spoelmanns beside the grossherzoglichen family forms one of the centers of the public attention. Samuel Spoelmann of inconspicuous shape is, puts in its „missfarbenen Paletot “little value on outward appearances and does as rather misanthropischer art collecting tank and organ player a little to make itself personally popular. But it permits the people further free entrance into its lock park, can when dte drinking be observed and donates with appropriate causes exactly the same sum as the prince house. Accordingly it tightens also beggars, Schnorrer and Plänemacher of all kinds.
Its daughter Imma excites attention by her mathematics - study at the university, in particular in addition, once by their resolutes occurrence opposite an awake battalion, which wants to adjust it the way. The countess Löwenjoul is finally noticeable by confused speeches of „careless women “, of breedless Feldwebelsgattinen, which crept at night into their room and you zerkratzten the chest. Also it would like to be called occasionally gladly „Mrs. Meyer “.
Klaus Heinrich and Imma Spoelmann
after he already a witness of Immas appearance opposite the awake battalion became, meets Klaus Heinrich with it with one „coincidental “, actually however by the prince a reference Dr. Over leg arranged common attendance meanwhile from Dr. Sammet led Dorotheen Kinderspitals together. Despite Immas every now and then spöttisch hurting occurrence both opposite the personnel and against it it wakes Klaus Heinrichs lively interest.
In the consequence it visits itself it to lock dolphin place under the pretext, the Kunstglas - collection of their father point to let. First Imma Klaus Heinrich in sometimes schnippisch überheblicher kind advances toward, instructs it about foreign words like „parallax “, makes themselves merry over ungelenke questions or accuses to it its „illusory existence “. It affects „catching cold “it, says it several times, since it has so at all no real function in the life and at everything only to the light portion takes. In particular it reminds it to the indulgence opposite countess Löwenjoul, whose wunderliches amounted to to trauma tables experiences with an unfaithful and violent married man are to due. Finally do not like it its father to the reasons of his removal to Europe to be responded; because of its indianischen blood it was suspended always in America discrimination.
Nevertheless prince Klaus Heinrich and Imma Spoelmann approaches itself with countless further meetings on lock dolphin place and with common Ausritten gradually. Imma has the habit to improvise wild horse running with those on its Araberstute Fatme the prince, who does not sit because of its impairment anyway too reliably in the saddle of its brown Florian , each time defeated it. While the boulevard press takes up the romance enthusiastically, Dr. brings. Over leg under reference to Klaus Heinrichs position its displeasure to the expression.
All attempts Klaus Heinrichs to convince Imma on these trips of it that it is not interested by any means coldly and superficially and only „for show “, as Spoelmannn always says alive and humans, fail meanwhile first. A daily however Minister of State Knobelsdorff states the the branch rose economic situation in the country to the prince in a conversation. Klaus Heinrich, to be surprised, with facts be once actually confronted and with it as it were seriously taken, draws the conclusions: It procures itself works over political economy, includes themselves in its rooms and begins on own fist a kind study of the political economy. After initial detuning over Klaus Heinrichs apparent retreat takes part Imma in these studies and succeeds it to Klaus Heinrich in this way also, it umzustimmen. A key scene represents also the moment, in which Imma discovers and tightens the stunted hand of the prince that also he has to fight with difficulties, which remained hidden it so far.
engagement and wedding
on Knobelsdorffs initiative are invited Imma purposefully into yard circles. Against the objections both the Grand Duke and Spoelmanns is finally prepared even the grinding. One agrees on a first morganatische marriage, whereby Imma, as soon as for the succession to the throne will be provided, for equal is to be explained. Spoelmann grants meanwhile one a donation resembling credit of 350 million, which leads to a sudden economical growth of Grimmburg to the principality.
The novel ends with the description of the splendid wedding. Briefly before the engagement Klaus Heinrichs certainly shoots himself, vordergründig because of vocational Querelen, its Mentor of many years over leg, which referred always to the obligations of humans generally and the prince in the special one, but but the interhuman too much neglected. Thus a prophecy Immas goes into fulfilment.
The rose stick however is transplanted from the muffigen yard of the old person of lock after lock dolphin place, where it is to finally spread bloom smell instead of decaying.
first are to be determined the multiple auto+biographic purchases of royal sovereignty. Behind the Protagonisten Thomas's man and his Mrs. Katia, born Pringsheim hide themselves. Characteristically prince Klaus Heinrich does not only carry first names, whose initials agree with those of the Buchtitels, but it concerns also the first names of the oldest son of the author at the same time. Klaus of man second first name again was selected after Heinrich man. This can be regarded as Urbild for the successor to the throne Albrecht. Still decades after appearance of the novel Thomas's man placed often, if he reflected over the relationship to his older brother, a connection to royal sovereignty ago. The favour of the reading public distributed itself occasionally similarly on the two brothers as those of the people in the novel.
Katia Pringsheim was probably the best portion, which could make Thomas's man in the Munich of the turn of the century. The similarity between Katia and Imma is however not limited to its financial background. Also the schnippische presumption appears characteristic, with which Imma Klaus Heinrich advances toward first, even if Katia should later protest man, it is in this regard oversubscribed. When model for Immas energetic occurrence served opposite it the way adjusting the awake battalion an incident from the year 1904, at which Katia man had become generally accepted in similarly resoluter way opposite ticket testers in the Trambahn. Parallel ones result also regarding algebra - the study, which both Katia and Imma are incumbent on. The common bicycle travels into the Isarauen correspond to the horse from rides with Imma, on which Thomas's man recruited his wife.
Spoelmann with its beargwöhnt just as critically „sense of tiger “„young humans “, as this the Pringsheims did and in particular also to Katias grandmother Hedwig Dohm with man. To the complexes Spoelmanns because of its „indianischen “blood corresponds the Stigmatisierung of the Pringsheims as a Jew. It was it probably, the superior occurrence of the old-established and financially strong house opposite at that time not yet fully established artist Thomas man somewhat related.
Not least building-beautiful became into royal sovereignty a predecessor of the well-known a literary monument set: With a hysterischen Collie also the family man had its dear emergency.
with all Märchenhaftem of the novel is in the background nevertheless always wilhelminische Germany present. Thus the small state Grimmburg clear, although anonymous and often carries courses ironically held of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg Schwerin. The zwiespältige relationship between the young Klaus Heinrich and its out condition-lower, partially however wealthier families coming school fellow alludes to a comparable situation between the Grand Dukes of Mecklenburg and the rich princes of PUT bus to pommerschen Rügen . The names of the figures finally refer often to Prussian history. Apart from the prince name for instance those are the Minister Knobelsdorff to call Ranzau or Bühl to Bühl in addition, the free free of the Schulenburg Tressen or wing aide major von Platow.
The motive of the crippled hand Klaus Heinrichs plays on similar suffering of the acting emperor Wilhelm II. on. Also for instance in the description of the Gymnasial, university or military life, the citizen ball or the free audiences easily material conditions in Germany before the First World War show themselves .
beside the auto+biographic and time-historical purchases contains the novel also often fairy taleful elements:
begins with the two prophecies over the prince, who will more give “with a hand” the country than other one with two, and over the rose stick, which is to then spread bloom smell instead of decaying. Certainly these forecasts are ironically broken : Promptly about Minister Knobelsdorff refers to the Instrumentalisierbarkeit of the hand pointing saying. Short hand a little “one helps to the prophecy over the rose stick”, by transplanting it simply into a more favorable environment, as soon as the country actually recovers.
allusions on certain fairy tales
repeated is alluded into royal sovereignty to identifiable fairy tales: For instance on Andersens one snow queen, with whom its nut/mother, that is compared cold Grand Duchess Dorothea. Schneewittchen contains the motive for mirror, which is likewise important in the life of the beautiful Dorothea. Also Andersens one sea-virgin, who will many later play again a role in doctor Faustus, emerges. Andful also at the ul tin soldier, who by a casting defect against the mass stands out as well known, may “in-handle” with the prince, who always retains attitude, to be thought. Furthermore “madame reads out Klaus Heinrich and Ditlinde” French fairy tales “from Switzerland”, with whose princes and princesses the children can identify themselves naturally more strongly than their contemporaries from other layers. To the morgenländischen fairy tale circle refers finally not only the legendary bird smelled, with which the heavy-rich Spoelmann is compared, but also the name of Immas riding horse, Fatme.
motive for prince
as expressed fairy taleful is to be rated naturally the motive of the “prince “embodied central in the novel. In the work Thomas's of man has it tradition: Already in the confessions of the Hochstaplers Felix Krull about the longing of the main person expresses itself to rise over the ordinary in the fact that it can wake up as a child with the resolution to be today once a eighteen-year old prince named Karl and this fiction also all day long over keeps upright. Mentioned is also the voyage round the world under the expenditure-borrowed identity of the Marquis de Venosta. Also into the Buddenbrooks the motive emerges several times: Thus Hanno is described here as the prince of the dekadenten purge, and Tony Buddenbrook, which admires the noble ones anyway, by Morten Schwarzkopf it is pointed out that her in principle a likewise preferred and special position in the society holds as of its admired ones. The desire and the feeling to be something special however also the obligations, which resulted from it for it, determined of Thomas's man life in addition, altogether.
The motive for prince is reflected again in the figure of the Imma Spoelmann, which is no princess von Geburt, but numerous courses of such carries. Their father is considered as a “railway king”, the family lives in lock dolphin place and is inferior to the Grand Duke family in luxury and splendour development in nothing. Of them braunlivrierten Lakaien correspond the white-university-formed PAGEs of the Spoelmanns, the billionaire and its daughter stand likewise in the interest of from public and gossip press like the Grimmburgs, arise in similar way as benefactors and notice likewise representation obligations.
the term „of the sovereignty “and the word field used thereby pull through sovereignty and cold weather like a red thread „highly “. It emerges already in the title of the work like the Protagonisten. Mentioned also „the high occupation is “, to which Klaus Heinrich follows, „mankind heights “, on which it after on a Schiller - quotation alluding words of its teacher changes. Its sister Ditlinde marries a prince to Ried Hohenried. Again and again „the pride “of the members of the prince house is emphasized. In addition, in its Physiognomie and clothes much is high „“: The forehead of the old Grand Duke about like also its cheek bones. The shape of its wife Dorothea is described as „highly put up “, it carries „high gloves “.
Several times „the sovereignty “of the prince house is reflected in addition, in the people. If the grossherzoglichen cheek bones already mentioned are called approximately „general characteristic of “its race, if „the sovereignty “of the Grand Duchess causes one „increase “that it regarding humans and to their cheeks „“can be colored higher, if the people call „high “, thereby however mine and „high things believe themselves on in this instant.“. Accordingly the trunkenen forms a hard contrast in addition “, down down…” - calls of the youth on the citizen ball, with which she would like to down-pull Klaus Heinrich on her own level.
Drawback of the pervasive sovereignty is cold weather connected always outgoing from it inseparably with it: Particularly clearly it steps in the Grand Duchess Dorothea to light. In its reserved relation to their children it is compared with the snow queen from Andersens one fairy tale, in whose candle hall the hearts of the children solidify. Their smile is cool from „perfection “. It rejects the small Klaus Heinrich with „cold view “and the admonishment to pay attention to its hand, whenever it looks for love and security with it. Her older son, prince Albrecht, than „coldly from embarrassment “described, it suffers on the other hand in addition, physically constantly from the northern cold weather of its country why the prospect quite facilitates old persons for it on a central heating for the lock the agreement for the not completely according to rank wedding of its brother. In addition, Klaus Heinrich will affect later in his illusory existence first „catching cold “Imma Spoelmann.
also can be understood royal sovereignty as parabola on one „illusory existence “. Already its childhood and youth spend Klaus Heinrich to a large extent shielded. In the old person lock, later on the Fasanerie as well as on the residence High School penetrates „the true life “only very sporadically to the prince near, approximately with the report of the shoemaker Hinnerke over the corruption of the Lakaien or with its Schwips on the citizen ball. Also its later acting than regent is „without right everyday life “, sits down” out to louder high-tension instants together “. Its brother Albrecht compares it with city-well-known erring, which gives the signal to a course driving off anyway. Accordingly it gebricht Klaus Heinrich at each material purchase to its activity, for lack of own knowledge remains always dependent it on the references of its Souffleure.
His teacher professor Kürtchen calls this „the high occupation “. Dr. Over leg speaks sense-figurative of one „, […] to formal existence “, which does not give it „right to direct privacy “, but rather „to the attitude “commit. Imma meanwhile finds clearer words: The prince went to the light on the school, to the light on the university been, for the light as a soldier, carries still to lights the uniform served, gives to the light audiences and plays to the light the contactors. It would therefore flow no confidence, but cold weather and embarrassment. Accordingly also the common study of the national economy announces an end of the illusory existence and the transition to active and useful work, which finds its completion in the connection of the prince house with the American steel magnaten.
The parallels between the illusory existence of the prince with that of the poet are indeterminable: Also this stands with the life only in contact obtained over the literature. He takes part not in direct active work, but reflects it only. This thought was not strange the time of origin of the novel. Thomas's man approximately Nietz Wagnerkritik , which sets for this problem, might have been occupied with.
in large number is populated the novel by social outsiders of all kinds. Prince Klaus Heinrich belonged to it, already because of its „illusory existence already mentioned “, in addition, because of its crippling. His teacher and friend Dr. Over leg is because of its ugliness, its illegitimate birth, its education in a care family and its life as if human being-scrub Sonderling socially branded, for Dr. Sammet because of its affiliation to the Judentum, the countess Löwenjoul because of their insanity. Mentioned also the kränkliche and life-far poet is Axel Martini as well as the city-well-known mad, which give to the light a signal to courses driving off anyway. Even the billionaire Spoelmann is already because of his singular, him into the sphere of a Leviathan of lifting wealth an outsider, besides in addition, because of its indianischen blood impact. With Imma additionally you are added for a woman of the time at that time unusual algebra study .
The topic of the outsider existence is developed abstractly in remarks Dr. Sammets opposite the old Grand Duke:
„None gleichstellendes principle [...] will be able to prevent ever that in the midst of the common life exceptions and special forms keep, which are distinguished in a raised or anrüchigen sense before the civil standard. The particular will good-do to ask not for the kind of its privileged position of seeing but in the honor the substantial and of deriving an extraordinary obligation anyhow from it. One is against the proper and therefore comfortable majority not in the disadvantage, but in the advantage, if one has a Veranlassung more, than her, to unusual achievements.“
land and water symbolism
a central motive of the novel is the contrast between country and water. For first the earthconnected sex of the Grimmburgs stands. Characteristically is overwritten the third novel chapter, in which the conditions in the Grand Duchy are described, with „the country “. It begins with the fact that the princes are farmers; their fortunes consist its income from agricultural yields of reason and soil . „The fields stretched and spread “, cattle breeding, Milchverwertung and dairy nature coin/shape the picture, to the forest have the people an almost intimate relationship. In addition brickyards come and „a little salt and silver mining industry “- likewise very earthreferred industries. In all other respects man representation the Ländermonographien that ironisiert at present the minute of the novel dominant theory of the political economy, which “historical school “, which represents an indication of careful literary search.
In contrast to this the element is represented „water “by the family Spoelmann. A Leviathan is the heavy-rich Magnat, thus the sea-monster from the Biblical mythology. Welfare-strong water because of the Spoelmanns with one comes „giant steamer “over the sea to Grimmburg. There they live first in the source yard, buy later the lock dolphin place, where they are served of wells “by „Schwanverbrämten “and one „to be inserted beautiful-in accordance with-ice-rarely to be able. They originate from the Adirondacks, a landscape „with pretty lakes “, and spend their summers preferentially at the sea, in new haven about, or in Venice, where also their yacht lies. Immas face as „bleach several times like the beads of the sea “described, their neck has „the color of angerauchten sea foam “, their dresses are „schillernd “, out „sea-greener, shining silk “; times it carries „a grünsamtenes Jäckchen “, times „a garb from pale-green Chinakrepp “and reminds to that extent again of Andersens one sea-virgin, who is called in the work - although in other connection - expressly. Also Immas eye language is characterized continual as „flowing “. Even the name Spoelmann lets think naturally of water - and of the 350 million, which rinses the family into the grossherzoglichen cashes „“.
In the land/water symbolism also an allusion knows existing antagonism between continental power Germany and that on that at present the novel publication the sea turned sea power England - and/or. its inheriting America - to be seen. The wilhelminische empire with its land June core and manors was opposite the more strongly industrialized England for a long time in a similar situation as the Grand Duchy of Grimmburg opposite the high financistic world of the Spoelmanns.
Thomas's man received purchases to other
works Thomas's of man at the beginning of of 1944 an inspired letter of Franz Werfel over its first novel Buddenbrooks. Into the emergence of the Faustus it reports doctor, what released this for considerations with it:
- „I reflect over it “, wrote I, „whether it not this book be may under all mean, which is certain to remain. Perhaps thereby my ‚transmission was fulfilled' [...] it could a case be as with ‚the free contactor' [...] “
nevertheless even if the following works only for it have served should to fulfill a following long life reasonablly worthy and interesting one should make its value smaller - also that of the novel royal sovereignty - not ungratefully.
Over decades connections open themselves and topics and motives are resumed, which already play a substantial role in the earliest narrations of man. In various, but not in each regard here royal sovereignty falls actually somewhat from the framework.
Aussenseitertum of the hero
first is to be mentioned the descent of the hero. From birth because of its conditions and/or. his origin a real outsider Thomas's is man only of all other Protagonisten with Gregorius - whose history of just as fairy taleful courses carries as royal sovereignty. Accordingly there is lucky end also in this narration in conditionally -.
But also Gregorius, to which Pope throne appoint, must do without the strict luck, which is approaching for Klaus Heinrich and Imma. It may live in no partnership.
to dear history with Happy end
the old Oeverdiecks, edge figures in Buddenbrooks, which tend to occupy each other with the bräutlichsten Kosenamen, are probably the only shapes Thomas's of man, with which it came first of all to a dear marriage and secondly this dear marriage also to a lucky partnership led. If one regards alone the figures of this first novel, then one states that already in Buddenbrooks Dear stories in all rule sadly end: Gotthold Buddenbrook marries under its conditions and for it is to a large extent enterbt; its life with the born Stüwing as well as the three envious and measure-favorable single daughters does not develop too pleasing. Tony may not marry the man, whom she loves, and in two failing reason marriages is floated. Thomas follows the course of his heart to the morbiden beauty Gerdas and must experience it that it bears him only one, little life-efficient inheriting and finally the local call makes themselves, because one means general it would amount to their man with the musical second lieutenant of Trotha. Christian marries his loved Kokotte and by this in an institute is accommodated, whereupon it continues its past life, and even to Claras of religious husband finally proves as Erbschleicher. The marriage Erikas, the daughter Tonys, stands from the outset under no good star and ends also accordingly.
But is nevertheless suitable most of these sad dear stories some more, which connects her with the relationship between Imma Spoelmann and Klaus Heinrich: They are every now and then amazing from the view of the society, but nevertheless not completely not possibly or forbade „“.
The connection between the poor prince and the rich civil one is first so intended and raises questions of the Standesunterschiedes and the succession, these however due to the clear financial advantages of the marriage is in a well-meaning manner regulated.
- Erikas expressions over it as much it belongs into my “Ur-stuff”. Told by Klaus' excitement over the fact that all my dear stories the range of the forbidding and Tötlichen [sic!] it belongs - where I nevertheless “lucky married man and sixfold father.” Yes,… This history, still the same, is still another exaggeration.
Nearly all dear stories Thomas's of man actually correspond to the pattern of this „Ur-stuff “- they „forbid themselves “automatically and have then the appropriate consequences.
If it is the homophile element, which plays a role for instance in Tonio Kröger and in death in Venice, it is the disparity in age, which likewise brings up for discussion in death in Venice, in addition, into the Betrogene is again taken up, or is it the federation with the devil, who lets each dear moving Adrians end in doctor Faustus deadly - all these conditions do not apply to royal sovereignty . Compared with other figures Thomas's of man Imma Spoelmann and Klaus Heinrich are almost „a normal “pair.
and nevertheless is Klaus Heinrich, as previously mentioned, not only because of his descent an outsider, but also because of its physical Handicaps. When royal sovereignty was filmed in the fifties, usually Erika was man locally and tried to exert influence on the happening. Once however man also gave an instruction: Dieter Bor, the actor Klaus Heinrichs, should hide its left hand still more clearly and rub their back repeatedly - thus the spectator straight on the actually covered characteristic to make attentive. Thus this detail was obviously important to it.
If one pursues the creations Thomas's of man again, then one states that Klaus Heinrich with its physical restriction stands in a long tradition. The small Mr. Friedemann, very in former times a novella hero, is bend-lies and therefore from „the normal “life excluded. For a long time if he succeeds in finding in the benefit of art and a kind Epikureertum replacement and reconciliation then however he falls the beautiful Gerda from Rinnlingen to the victim and comes to death. Broker Gosch in Buddenbrooks is does not bend-lie, wishes it to be however sehnlichst and plays themselves successfully the growing together - for many decades it schwärmt on Gerda Buddenbrook from the distance, but the most ambitious goal, which it dares to put for this admiration, is, to dedicate to her possibly dermal once the translation of Lope de Vegas works on whom it works nearly its life long. Sesemi Weichbrod, a further bending couch in Buddenbrooks, is limited to „a scholarly “existence, and universitytritowards, awkward, literarily interested girl, who appears in Tonio Kröger, is probably approaching no substantially different fate. Cipolla, still another case of spinal column curvature in of Thomas's man works, pays for the kiss, which he can be given from the hypnotisierten Mario, with death. Anna von Tümmler finally, who klumpfüssige artist out man of last narration, has early without the love to do decided, regards the world with reflecting and cool eyes and paints abstract pictures.
Common characteristic all these physically obstructed figures Thomas's of man thus is first of all the fact that they keep a certain distance from their fellow men and leads a lonely life. Also Klaus Heinrichs left hand is affected before the lucky end only twice by other humans - once on that community pin ends, but ingloriously ending citizen ball and once, when Imma kisses her. Secondly are, except Klaus Heinrich, all specified persons in any way with the arts or at least the science concerned. Here one could to the hero of royal sovereignty a difference see, which collapses however in itself, if one considers that Thomas's man is behind the figure. A physical impairment seems to be thus almost with Thomas's man a cipher for the reserved artist or art friend, who observes the fellow men and their works exactly or also represents, on its life however only very conditionally participates.
A related topic is the illness. Hans Castorp expresses it once: Illness and stupidity do not fit, illness should something admiration-worthy be. It harvests thereby the sharpest contradiction of the human Settembrini - however: - With Castorp not really existing - the illness makes an increase, one for this possible „increase of “its average existence, which it would have never reached in „the flat country “. Similarly the lung-ill heroine from Tristan is explained. Compared with its awkward and life-efficient husband Klöterjahn is the piano-playing young Mrs. a pure and fine existence and shows the same blue veins under their pale skin, which have to exhibit also more sensitive and more artistic nature in Buddenbrooks. The motive of the increase by illness continued in the doctor Faustus, where Adrian Leverkühn has to owe its musical inspiration to the consequences of a Luesinfektion - by the way an age-old idea Thomas's of man, who already around the turn of the century with its Munich booksellers to relevant works inquired and so that had released a reaction concerned.
one can state thus that the artistically angehauchten or active sympathy carrier into of Thomas's man works above average frequently physical characteristics exhibits and the hero of royal sovereignty into the work connection fits to that extent in the best way. The fact that his dear history ends exeptionally lucky and to it, then he, also further hopes, even if „strict “luck in consideration of its subjects and the country is approaching (similarly, as Tonio Kröger the true artist to an outwardly civil and decent life to obligate would like), Thomas's of man is unusual compared with other creations, but from the auto+biographic would background the novel to explain.
the novel developed between 1905 and 1909 and thus in the first four marriage years of Thomas and Katia man.
history of the impact
after its appearance was received royal sovereignty enthusiastically by the public. Already after two years the 30 became. Edition printed, 1918 were 165,000 copies in the circulation.
the echo in the literary professional world remained holding back, the novel nevertheless - in particular based on few years before the published Buddenbrooks - as somewhat shallow, as „surely more weakly “of man novels (pure hard tree-refined) was classified.
The fact that even the author regarded his work with mixed feelings shows the following passage from its report to the literature-historical society Bonn from the year 1907: „A prince, a billionaire, a Chauffeur, a pedigree dog, a romantic Hülfslehrer and a princess of special kind step on […]. Me the whole appears occasionally so new and beautiful that I in-laugh into me - and occasionally so läppisch that I sit down on the Chaiselongue and believe to die.“
As “Simplicissimus - humor " the all too speaking names (the confused countess Löwenjoul [ Swedish, speak “lion-howl”], the smart Knobelsdorff , the Minister of Finance Krippenreuther , the gentle physician Sammet , the yard Minister Trümmerhauff , the ugly over leg , the English bath physician Watercloose etc. ) appeared - “faraway to the all uneasiness of recent schools “leitmotivisch the generations through-haven-RA-animal-end yard painters is called naturally lime tree man. Particularly however the Happy end, the romantic fairy tale wedding, the connection of love and sovereignty, „one weighed and too easily one found “- as in allusion in the words of the old Grand Duke opposite the body physician a usual judgement of the criticism is expressed. From one „descent in the flat country of the optimism “(briefly Martens), of one „put on “(Helmut Jendreiek), one „“(Friedhelm Marx) solution was the speech shoots forward.
Apologeti beginnings came meanwhile in particular from Joachim Rickes. The novel does not end under any circumstances with a clear Happy ends. Thus it remains about open whether the rose stick will actually smell. Easy shade throws also the relapse of the amnestied murderer Gudehus and the obviously continuing corruption of the Lakaien. Also neither the countess Löwenjoul nor the dog Perceval were healed by her insanity. Finally it is to be considered that the wedding comes not least for reasons of the state policy, how the “verschmitzten Augenfältchen “of the Knobelsdorff functioning as registrars of births, marriages and deaths underlined, in addition, the ironical lecture topic “one will give it from the Golde Arabia “(quotation from a writing Justins of the martyr). „Large misjudging “of royal sovereignty is to be taken to the cause for a new literature-scientific methodology.
Also of Thomas's man son Golo it points out that the novel is if necessary “for the Nichteingeweihten (...) a Operettenscherz “.
the novel was filmed 1953 by Hans Abich and Rolf Thiele under direction of Harald brown. In the main roles Bor, Ruth Leuwerik and Lil Dagover play Dieter. Daneben stand aber auch Thomas Manns Tochter Erika vor der Kamera.
- Thomas man, royal sovereignty, Frankfurt 1989, ISBN 3596294304
- Thomas's man, royal sovereignty, given change of Heinrich December ring in co-operation with Stephan Stachorski. Text and comment in a cartridge, Frankfurt 2004, ISBN 3100483219
- Heinrich December ring, “Jew, women and suffering rates” “- to a thinking figure with young the Thomas's man, Frankfurt A.M.: S. Fischer, 2006
- Hellmuth Karasek, “royal sovereignty”, in: Thomas man-year book, volume 4 (1991), S. 29-44
- Jürgen Manthey, “prince in the realm of the snow queen. Of Thomas's man “royal sovereignty””, in: Merkur 50 (1996), S. 480-490
- Jürgen H. Petersen, “the motives for fairy tale and their treatment into of Thomas's man novel “royal sovereignty””, in: Language art 4 (1973), S. 216-230
- Joachim Rickes, the strange rose stick. A work-centered investigation to of Thomas's man novel “royal sovereignty”, Frankfurt Berlin/Berne/New York 1998, ISBN 3631334869
- Frithjof Trapp, “artistic sea protest of the reality. Of Thomas's man novel “royal sovereignty” before the background of the contemporary Presserezeption”, in: Stations of the Thomas man research: Essays since 1970
- Hans Wysling, “the fragments to of Thomas's man „prince novella “. To the Urhandschrift of the “royal sovereignty””, in: Source-critical studies to the work Thomas's of man, Berne/Munich 1967, S. 64-105, ISBN B0000BUHVJ
- Hans Wysling, “royal sovereignty” (1990), in: Hans Wysling, selected essays 1963-1995, Frankfurt 1996, S. 219-230
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