Royal house medal of Hohenzollern

of the house medals of Hohenzollern became to 5. December 1841, in altogether 3 classes, of prince Friedrich William gentleman Mr. Constantin of Hohenzollern - Hechingen (gest. 1869) and prince Carl Anton Friedrich of Hohenzollern Sigmaringen (gest. 1885) as Fürstlich of Hohenzollern house medals donated andafter the transition of the two principalities at Prussia (to 12. March 1850) of king Friedrich William IV. to 16. January 1851 to a royal house medal with two separated orders (royally Prussian and fürstlich hohenzollerische) raised. It was not a pure war honor, and could inthe form of the eagle thus also to civilian persons to be lent, who were characterised opposite the house Hohenzollern.

Kgl. Medal had 1861 two departments with four classes in accordance with the statutes of October each: the military department of the crosses with and without swords as well as thosecivilian department of the eagles; statuses were called Grosskomtur with/without star, Komtur with/without star, knight and owner.

Fstl. Medal had in accordance with the statutes of the 1891 following classes: Honour cross 1. Class, Ehrenkomturkreuz, honour cross 2. Class, honour cross 3. Class, golden honour medal and silver earnings/service medal. The purpose inscription of theMedal read: “For loyalty and earnings/services”. Starting from end of 1866 for war earnings/services two crossed swords were attached at the decoration.

In the department of the eagles, which was assigned particularly at scientists, teachers and artists, one carried a black Prussian eagle instead of a crossfull regalia and with the Hohenzollernwappen on the chest. A ring was underlaid for the head of the eagle in blue with the medal foreign exchange “from the rock to the sea”, which illustrated the historical way of the Hohenzollern.

In the department of the crosses the medal cross was white with black frame.In the Avers the Medaillon in the white field showed the black Prussian eagle with the Hohenzollern coat of arms sign on the chest, which was surrounded by a blue volume with the medal foreign exchange “from the rock to the sea”. The Medaillon in the written undertaking showed the royal signature mark, that on white fieldof a blue volume with the date 18. January 1851 was surrounded. The “Hohenzollern” became in the 2. and 3. Class at a white volume with two mutual black strips and a black strip in the center of the volume carried, in the 1. Class ona medal chain with alternating Hohenzollern, Reichserbkämmeri and burggräflich Nürnberger coat of arms describing.

In times of war it was lent exclusively to officers, who protruded by their special services for the native country as well as by unusual bravery. This was marked starting from 1864 by two crossed swords.

The complicated honor systemthe kingdom Prussia and also the German empire planned that no soldier for an achievement received twice the same honor. An officer that already the iron cross 1. Class possessed, received for a repeated unusual achievement this house medal. It was thus an intermediate stage to the military earnings/service medal Pour le Mérite.

The royal house medal was in the First World War a very much meaning honor, which was 8,291 times assigned altogether 8.291.

After 1918 it became still of ex emperor Wilhelm II. in its Doorner exile as “house medals” (thus private medals) at Germans and foreigners until around 1936lent. Afterwards the prohibition of the leader and realm chancellor Hitler came into force against the award former German dynastischer medal. After 1936 the “Hohenzollern” was assigned up to the death of the ex emperor in the year 1941 only to not-German citizens.

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