Kingdom of Bavaria

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coat of arms
large coat of arms
data in the year 1900
state capital: Munich
surface: 75,865 km ²
inhabitants: 6.176.057
population density: 81 Einwohner/km ²
voices in the Upper House of Parliament: 6
Kfz characteristics: II A, B, C, D, E,
H, N, S, U, Z
map
Bayern von 1800 bis heute
Bavaria from 1800 to today

that Kingdom of Bavaria begins its history with the end of the holy Roman realm in the year 1806. As long as there was an emperor, apart no realm prince was allowed to carry the title king from the king from Böhmen (the cure prince of Brandenburg did not crown itself therefore 1701 also to the brandenburgischen king,separates to the king its Nebenlandes Prussia, although its heartland was Brandenburg), lain outside of the realm.

Under the conditions of the peace of press castle, to 26. December 1805 between the Napoleoni France and the resigning emperor Franz II., became several were locked with Napoleonallied principalities to kingdoms raised. Cure prince Maximilian IV. Joseph of Bavaria took at the 1. January 1806 officially the title king Maximilian I. from Bavaria.

Maximilian had been duke of two-bridges before, to which he after the death of his predecessor Karl II. August 1795 was determined.After becoming extinct the older Bavarian line of the Wittelsbacher it than representative of the recent line became also the ruler over Bavaria and thus king. This very day a controversy over smolders whether now Bavaria a part of the Pfalz, or however the Pfalz a part of Bayernsbecame.

The most important Bavarian kings were Ludwig I., which made its capital Munich a center of art and culture, as well as Ludwig II., the “fairy tale king”, who admits by its splendid buildings of locks in all world became.

Maximilians successor resisted the nationalism, and Bavaria becameProtecting power of the smaller German states, whose leader felt threatened from Prussia or Austria in the German federation. Religious gang connected Bavaria up to the defeat in the German war of 1866. King Ludwig II. signed to 22. August 1866 a contract with Prussia, with thatit in fact Bavarian independence gave up.

With the contract of 23. November 1870 became Bavaria part to 18. January 1871 proclaimed new German Reich, however it could secure itself as second largest German state to Prussia certain privileges, like the retention of a its ownArmy, own post office and railway. The kings of Bavaria kept their titles and their own diplomatic Corps.

The Kingdom of Bavaria was divided into 8 governmental districts: Upper Bavaria (district capital and circle government Munich), Lower Bavaria (land hat), Pfalz (Speyer), Upper Palatinate and Regensburg (Regensburg), Upper Franconia (Bayreuth), middle Franconia (Ansbach),Lower Franconia and Aschaffenburg (peppering castle), Swabia and new castle (Augsburg). These districts were divided again into offices for district.

When after the First World War the empire was abolished in November 1918, the last Bavarian king, Ludwig III had, when first German monarch in the course of the November revolution resign. Duringthe world war it had made by absurd annexionistische demands about itself to talk and thus the compromiseless radicalization of the war without prospect on a communication peace had contributed. The end of the monarchy meant at the same time proclaiming the Free State of Bavaria.

kings Bayerns

Web on the left of


see also: List of the Bavarian rulers, history Bayerns, Bavaria, German federation, Rhine federation

 

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