of the titles of this article is ambiguous. For further meanings see Kabul (term clarifying).
View of Kabul 2001/2002

Kabul (Persian: کابل) the capital is and with 3.043.589 inhabitants (conditions 1. January 2005) also the largest city in Afghanistan andboth the economic as well as cultural center of the country.

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the strategic meaning of the city is on thoseProximity to the Khyber passport, an important connection between Afghanistan and Pakistan, India, to lead back. The city is supplied by the river Kabul with water.

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the antique city Kabura were created more than 2500 years ago in the valley of the Hindukusch of Iranian trunks. During the rule of the Achämeniden Kabul belonged to the Satrapie Gandhara andTaxila was an important commercial junction at the Hindukusch beside the capital.

Under the Kuschanen Kabul a center of the buddhistisch Iranian culture of the region, was conquered a little later however by the Sassaniden and incorporated again the Perserreich.

Kabul became in 7. Century taken by the Arabs and 1504 of Babur (1483 - 1530) made the capital of the Mogulreiches.

Nadir Schah of Persia (1688 - 1747) took the city 1738 , and it became only under Timur Schah,the second son Ahmad Shah dry anise (the founder of Afghanistan), in the year 1776 to the capital of Afghanistan - before it Kandahar was the capital of the country.

Kabul was taken by the British 1839 during the Afghan wars and 1842 from revengepartly down-burned. The British again took the city 1879 after a massacre at British officials. 1919 became Afghanistan independently.

The Soviet Union occupied the city to 23. December 1979 and made it its headquarters during the ten-year conflict betweenthe government allied with the Soviet Union and the Mujahedeen rebel. See also Afghan civil war and Soviet invasion

after the collapse of the Mujahedeen regime 1992 became in Kabul one of the longest and bloodiest civil wars (1992 - 1994) in historythe country expenditure-fenced. In this time their life lost in the roads of Kabul over 50.000 humans.

Since 1996 was the city under control of the Taliban. To 12. November 2001 took over the north alliance the city, after itself thoseTaliban from Kabul had withdrawn.

At present is the city under control of the UN, which has the security of the population and the reconstruction of the destroyed infrastructure as a goal.


Kabul is the most important settlement that Tadschiken in Afghanistan. Its language, the Kabuler - dialect of the Persian one (locally also Dari called), is the government and restaurant language of the country and all other languages and dialects of the country considerably coined/shaped. The Tadschiken places more than half to thatPopulation of Kabul, followed of Hazara (approx. 25%) and Paschtunen (approx. 20%). Besides are still many smaller municipalities of the Sikhs, Hindus and Usbeken.


in Kabul mainly clothes, and Rübenzucker are manufactured furniture, butthe continuous war guidance since 1979 limited the economic productivity of the city strongly.


in the city is that Kabul internationally air haven.

In Afghanistan there was a railway, thus never operates in Kabul also noneCourses. In Kabul however the building of a Metro (underground) was planned, which could not be converted however, there to 27. April 1978 the Prime Minister at that time Mohammed Daoud Khan by a coup d'etat around the life came.

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