Coffee house literature
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Coffee house literature literary works are called, which were written completely or at least partly in a coffee house. The authors were called Kaffeehausliteraten. The center of this literature form was Vienna, but coffee house literature developed also in other European cities.
the epoch of the Kaffehausliteratur
historicalpregnant, changeful and contradictory was that epoch, which coincided with the bloom time of the Viennese coffee house literature. It concerned that period between 1890 and 1938, whose at the beginning the fall of the having citizens monarchy carried out itself, up to the connection of Austria at Germany. But not only the changeful political events gebeutelt Austria during these years and finally formed. Its large creative achievements in the literature, architecture, painting and music as well as the art work generally did not contribute insignificantly to it those fatal years into the memory of mankind in chisels.
To limit sharply the time of the coffee house literature does not leave itself. Even if the high bloom of the Viennese seems to past be coffee house literature since the time of the invasion of Hitler in Austria, then there are nevertheless meager remainders of it into our present, again and again emerges traces form and shape changed of it, although in.
The beginning of the high bloom of the Viennese coffee house literature falls into the time of the” Fin de Siécle “, by the purge coined/shaped the end 19. Century, and their end inevitably on the time of the connection of Austria and the beginning of Jew pursuit. Typical Viennese the coffee house gave it naturally for a long time year before and exists today in changed form still, but its special development experienced it during the high bloom of the Viennese coffee house culture. One would like to state nearly, the phenomenon without the other one would not have been possible.
The coffee house was ennobled by its intellectual clientele and achieved never again dagewesene heights. Spirit and culture of that time would have themselves without the Ambiente of the coffee house never in the reached measure to train and to spread be able. Altogether these events fell into the time that, at least partial, emancipation of the Jewish middle class in the having citizens monarchy. The straight Jewish large middle class was refrained it, from few exceptions, which formed the columns of culture and science in that contradictory epoch. The phenomenon” Viennese coffee house literature “was limited not only to Vienna, but is to all cities of the monarchy transferably, which were in direct sphere of influence of the capital, so for example natural on Budapest, press castle, Brünn, Iglau and particularly on Prague. Thus there were similar effect places in Zurich, Berlin and naturally also in Paris. One met in the” Roman Café “or in the” size illusion “in Berlin, just like in the Prager” Continental “or” Arco “, in the Budapester” Abbazia “or in the inhabitant of Zurich” Odeon “, in the Parisian of” cathedrals “or” Café Flore “and in the Café” Verbano “in Ascona.
To last zaghaften flickering of the spirit of the Viennese coffee house culture it finally and finally came in those countries and cities, into which it drove the participants into the emigration, before it finally finally verglomm.
Altogether there were two high points with a following in each case fall during the bloom time of the Viennese coffee house literature. The first high bloom fell on the” Fin de Siécle “and ended with the First World War, since the end of the monarchy meant also an end of the influence of the large middle class on the fate of the time. The spirit of the monarchy could bring safely itself however almost invariably into intermediate wartime, before it was finally and irrevocablly extinguished with the invasion of Hitler in Austria. Then also the same characters, in doing and thinking still had arrested gone down the monarchy, which justified the second high bloom of the coffee house literature, which coincided approximately with the time of the world economic crisis. Anyhow is to determine that at times of special economic emergency a pronounced urge to the coffee house life always prevailed. Therefore it is more than understandable that to those epochs particularly many coffee houses developed.
Stefan branch describes into” the world from yesterday “retrospectively on its youth years in the coffee house. As a high school student it had still seen the last breaths of the Griensteidl. For it, whom the school bored, the coffee house represented” the best education place for all new one “, and so it sucked everything in the clique of its gleichgesinnten friends greedily in itself up, which it could get there as suggestions of the older ones.
„Viennese the coffee house represents an institution of special kind, which is to be compared the similar world with none. It is actually a kind more democratic, each for a cheap bowl coffee accessible club, where each guest for this small Obolus sit for hours, discusses, writes, packs of cards, its post office received and above all an unlimited number of newspapers and magazines to consume can “. And further: „We in such a way knew everything that proceeded in the world, from first hand, we experienced from each book, which appeared, of each performance and compared in all newspapers the criticisms; nothing contributed so much to the intellectual mobility of the Austrian, he could orient himself in the coffee house all procedures of the world comprehensively and discuss her at the same time in friendly circles. Daily we sat for hours, and nothing escaped us. Because we did not pursue owing to the Kollektivität of our interests orbis pictus the artistic events with two, but with twenty and forty eyes (...) “
for the master public of these coffee houses Hermann
Bahr, Arthur Schnitzler, Richard Beer Hofmann, Felix Salten, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Anton cow, Peter Altenberg, Egon Friedell, Karl Kraus, Adolf Loos, Alfred belonged, to Oskar Kokoschka Robert Musil, Joseph Roth, Hermann Broch, Franz Werfel, Friedrich gate mountain and Ernst Polak.
PETER OLD PERSON MOUNTAIN: Coffee house from Vita ipsa, Berlin 1918; Thus I became. Regular customers from Semmering, Berlin 1913; Nachtcafé from new Berlin, Berlin 1911
H. C. KIND MAN: Nussbeugeln and Melangen out in the shade of the Burenwurst, Salzburg and Vienna 1958
FRANZ LEAD: O. Krzyzanowsky from narration of a life, Leipzig 1930
GÉZA OF CZIFFRA: Anton cow, the Schnorrer king from the cow in the coffee house. The golden twenties in anecdotes, Munich Berlin, 1981
HEIMITO OF DODERER: My Caféhäuser from Franz stroke man: Café Hawelka. A Viennese myth, Vienna 1982
MILAN DUBROVIC: Diagnosis of the Literaturcafés, a man of letters without work from defrauded history, the Viennese salons and Literaturcafés, vienna Hamburg 1985
OTTO FRIEDLÄNDER: Coffee house from last gloss the fairy tale city, Vienna 1947
BARBARA FRISCHMUTH: Café curse, 1997
Friedrich Hans EN lion: Coffee house company from Franz stroke man: Café Hawelka. A Viennese myth, Vienna 1982
ANDRÉ HELLER: A place of the natural deceptions from Franz stroke man: Café Hawelka. A Viennese myth, Vienna 1982
LUDWIG HEVESI: Café museum from eight years secession, Vienna 1906
ERNST HINTERBERGER: The coffee houses of the others. My coffee house, 1997
LUDWIG DEER FIELD: Coffee house culture from the book of Vienna. Which does not stand in the Baedecker, 1927
GINA KAUS: Life in the gentleman yard out and which for lives. . . with love and literature, theatre and film, Hamburg 1979
ERNST JANDL: Café Hawelka from Peter and the cow, Munich 1996
ELFRIEDE JELINEK: Huschhusch in basket! , 1997
OSKAR KOKOSCHKA: Over Adolf Loos. Career in the Café cent ral out my life, Munich 1971
KARL KRAUS: The demolierte literature from early writings 1892-1900, Frankfurt/Main 1988
ANTON COW: Cent ral and gentleman yard. Lenin and Demel from air lines, Vienna 1981; Spirit of the time in the Literaturcafé. Café de' lEurope, Vienna of 1983
FRIEDERIKE MAYRÖCKER: For Josefine Hawelka from magic sheets, Frankfurt/Main 1983
ROBERT MENASSE: Occupation coffee house guest, 1997
ERNST MOLDEN: The devil in the Prückel from the crocodile lady, Munich 1997
ALFREDS: The theory of the Café cent ral from small writings, Reinbeck 1983
DORON RABINOVICI: The cell from search after, Frankfurt/Main, 1997
FELIX SALTS: From the beginnings. Memory sketches from yearbook of German Bibliophilen and literature friends, Berlin 1933
HILDE PLAY: Home coming in gentleman yard from return to Vienna. Diary, Munich 1968
EMIL SZITTYA: Café museum. Schnorrer Bohème in the Café cent ral. The youngest Café size illusion from the curiosity cabinet, 1923
FRIEDRICH GATE MOUNTAIN: Treatise over Viennese the coffee house. Sacher and adversary, Café de l' Europe - Café imperial from the aunt Jolesch or the fall of the evening country in anecdotes, Munich 1975
HANS WEIGL: The coffee house as will and conception from Viennese the coffee house, vienna Zurich Munich 1978
FRANZ WERFEL: In the coffee house for God and Lenin from Barbara or the Frömmigkeit, Berlin vienna Leipzig 1929; The last Kaffeehausliterat out between above and down, Munich vienna 1975
SUSANNE WIDL: A small coffee house philosophy, 1997
STEFAN BRANCH: The coffee house as education place. Youth in the Griensteidl from the world from yesterday, Stockholm 1944