Emperor chair AG
|Coat of arms|
|coordinates:|| 47° 34 ' n. Break. |
8° 25 ' o. L.
|Height:||347 m and. M.|
|Surface:||0,32 km ²|
|inhabitants:||420 (31. December 2005)|
emperor chair is a town in the district Zurzach of the canton Aargau in Switzerland. It is located at the high Rhine at the border to Germany like also to the canton Zurich. Concerning the surface it is the smallest municipality of the canton and one smallest Switzerland.
Table of contents
the north a steep rock slope, that to the bank of the Rhine drops enclosure and in the south one, large Web on the left of geography that only 32 Hektaren, increases lying flat level. 4 Hektaren are wooded and 12 Hektaren covered. The highest point is on 368 meters, the deepest place is on 334 meters. Neighbour municipalities are the high duck gene of Baden-Wuerttemberg in the north, the zürcherische Weiach in the east and the aargauische Fisibach in the west.
at the upper end of the steep rock slope was in 12. Century the small castle of the barons von Kaiserstuhl. After their becoming extinct the possession turned into to the barons von Regensberg . These created a fastened small town in the year 1254 at the steep rock slope and designated it after the sex, whose inheritance they had begun. The Regensberger came however soon into money scarcities and had their possession still before end 13. Century to the diocese sell Konstanz.
Emperor chair served thereafter during centuries as center the konstanzischen Landesverwaltung. The Obervogt residing in emperor chair noticed the rights of the prince bishops over high duck gene, Bergöschingen, Lienheim, Fisibach and Weiach . Emperor chair had thereby the rank of a land city of the holy German one of Reich. Emperor chair was simultaneous since the conquest of the Aargaus by the oath comrades in the year 1415 in addition, the center of an outside office of the county bathing, a common rule. This led occasionally to conflicts between the prince bishop and the oath comrade.
the end of the Ancien Régime after proclaiming the Helveti republic in March 1798 met the city particularly hard. Was not not only its center function merrily. By the realm deputation main conclusion of 1803 the small town lost all rechtsrheinischen areas and thus the lion's share of its territory to 1806 the created Grand Duchy of bathing. The linksrheinische part belonged first to the canton bathing, starting from 1803 to the canton Aargau.
Still in the middle 19. Century belonged those today as southernmost vineyards of Germany designated Rebhänge of the angel yard (in area of the today's municipality high duck gene) predominantly to Kaiserstuhler citizen. Up to the today's day emperor chair has on both sides of the Rhine local citizen forest to the extent of approx. 150 Hektaren - nearly the fivefold of the remaining linksufrigen city spell. The goods-legal allocation of the old Kirchgemeinde emperor chair, whose parish church was located formerly in high duck gene, lasted until 1842. Thus also the old Pfarrei went down finally, which with the splitting off from Glattfelden 1421 had been already made smaller and Weiach 1525 strongly.
The Swiss northeast course opened at the 1. August 1876 the railway line between Koblenz and Winterthur. However the station Weiach Kaiserstuhl was somewhat apart on the other side of the canton border. The SBB closed the station in the year 1995 and replaced it directly by one with the small town stop lain. In recent past emperor chair co-operates ever more closely with the neighbour municipalities: The fire-brigade and the kindergarten are led together with Fisibach; the waste water treatment unit at the right (northern and thus Germans) Rhine bank with the municipality high duck gene.
The form of an pointed-angular triangle exhibits objects of interest the compactly built small town standing under monument protection; the upper tower (also Roman tower called) forms thereby the point. It towers above the small town and is the only received part of the old attachment plants. The Stadtmauern and the two lower towers at the Rhine bank do not exist any longer. The small town is the southern bridgehead of one presumed already at present the Romans existing bridge over the river. On the northern bank (in German area) the lock Rötteln, the earlier seat of the Obervogts stands. The catholic church pc. Katharina originates from the year 1757 and is delighted in the baroque style, it is considered as Hauptwerk of the Kaiserstuhler of sculptor and Holzschnitzers Franz Ludwig wind. Particularly well received houses are the authority building in the lategothical style as well as the palace May fish with French elements.
Coat of arms
the Blasonierung of the Stadtwappens reads: “To rights sixfold confessing ore of blue and red.” The oldest representation of the Stadtwappens originates from the year 1514 and was derived from the coat of arms of the free ones from emperor chair, which exhibited however eight instead of six fields. Also one had replaced the white of the bishop von Konstanz by the zürcherische blue.
to 31. Decembers 2005 lived 420 humans in emperor chair, the foreigner portion amounted to 20.0%. During the census 2000 44.9% were reformed, 28.8% Roman-catholic and 11.1% moslemisch; 1.1% belonged to other faith directions. 85.5% called German its host language, 7.1% Albanian, 2.3% Italian, 2.1% English.
The municipality meeting, the Legislativgewalt exercises authorities the meeting of the voters. Implementing authority is an town councillor. Its term of office amounts to four years and it in the Majorzverfahren (majority choice procedure) by the people is selected. It leads and represents the municipality. In addition it carries out the resolutions of the municipality meeting and the tasks, which were assigned to it by canton and federation.
The five town councillors of the office period 2006-2009 are:
- Fritz Tauer, Gemeindeammann
- Peter Froehlich, vice- Gemeindeammann
- Klara Joho
- Martin Meierhofer
- Anita Schillinger
for law cases is responsible the district court Zurzach. On local level there is a justice of the peace.
in emperor chair gives it approximately 140 jobs, of it 10% in the agriculture, 6% in the small trade and 84% in the service sector. The municipality points thus canton far the highest portion in 3. Sector person employed out. Numerous employed person are however way commuters and work in Zurzach and environment or in the region bathing.
direct south the small town runs the important Rhine Valley main street between Basel and Winterthur. A bridge leads across the Rhine after high duck gene. The binding to the net of public traffic effected by the 1995 opened stop at the railway line Koblenz - le-laugh - Winterthur as well as via two post office autolines after bathing and le-laugh.
the municipality has school building with primary school, six-form high school and district school; the kindergarten is led together with the neighbour municipality Fisibach. The secondary level school can be visited in Rekingen. The nearest canton schools (High Schools) are in bathing and Wettingen.
- A. Wind: Emperor chair in picture and history. A-settle, 1894.
- K. Push: To the oldest history of emperor chair. In: Anniversary publication Friedrich Emil Welti. Aarau, 1937.
- K. Push: High court and Niedergericht in the bischöflich konstanzischen court rule emperor chair and Klingnau. In: Argovia, Bd. 43. Aarau, 1931.
- P. Kläui: Historical overview. In: ders.: The documents of city archives emperor chair. Aargauer documents, volume XIII, emperor chair. Aarau, 1955 - S. 9-12.
- M. Backer: Approximately around emperor chair. Emperor chair, Fisibach, brook, Weiach, high duck gene, Herdern, Günzgen, Stetten, Lienheim. [SA of the series of articles “from Rheinau to forest hat” in the supplement “border homeland” in the “Zurzacher people sheet” 1952-1953]. Zurzach and uppersmoothly, 1955.
- F. Wenzinger Plüss: Emperor chair: Church life in a latemedieval town. In: Argovia, Bd. 104 (1992) - S. 85-163.
- F. Wenzinger Plüss and B. Free Heitz: Swiss art leader, volume 710: Emperor chair ISBN 3-85782-710-6
Web on the left of
|Commons: Emperor chair - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
- official Website of the city emperor chair
- article emperor chair in the historical encyclopedia of Switzerland
- NZZ article to the 750-Jahr-Jubiläum
- article emperor chair, of in the historical encyclopedia of Switzerland (article over the free ones of emperor chair)
- article over the upper tower (French) with pictures
Baldingen | Böbikon | Böttstein | Döttingen | Endingen | Fisibach | Fill Reuenthal | Emperor chair | Klingnau | Koblenz | Body city | Lengnau | Leuggern | Mellikon | Rekingen | Guessing home | Rümikon | Snow-sing | Victory reading peat | Tegerfelden | Lower things | Wislikofen | Zurzach
coordinates: 47° 34 ' N, 8° 25 ' O