Kalahari

the Kalahari in Namibia

the Kalahari is predominantly a sand desert from fine-powdery red sand. It extends from the northern cape province in South Africa by Botswana through until far to Angola and Zambia inside over a surface of more than 1.2 millions km ². Geologically is enoughthe Kalahari even still further northward and changes there into Chad into the seeing era . The most expanded part of the Kalahari - the central Kalahari - is on the area of Botswana and is enough here with its western Ausläufern also after Namibia inside (where it alsoa constituency of the same name forms).

Large parts of the Kalahari are proven as protected areas: so e.g. the Kgalagadi Transfrontier national park in the border area to South Africa and Namibia (formerly Gemsbok national park), cent ral the Kalahari Game reserve and in the northwest of Botswana the world-famous Okawango Flussdelta: the Okawango rising in Angola varies itselfhere into an enormous being end airworthiness directive up, in order to then seep into the Kalahari. Since beginning 21. Century the Kalahari is cut through by Trans the Kalahari Highway (or also Trans Kgalagadi Highway called). This well removed road is an important section from the Indian ocean in Mozambique up to the Atlantic in Namibia leading handels and of route of transportation.

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geology

the central Kalahari consists of an enormous sand basin, which resulted from erosion of soft rocks. The sand forms dunes, inrecent geologic history by vegetation were stabilized. The Kalahari does not have Wanderdünen.

life into the Kalahari

the Okawango delta is the probably untypischste part of the Kalahari - from the vegetation and the animal wealth however also the most impressive determines. Depending upon seasonand water level appear themselves here enormous herds of animal of all kinds occurring in the southern Africa. The delta was explained therefore of the UNESCO as the world nature inheritance and placed under strict protection. Accompanying with it the Botswana government promotes one selected expensive, in addition, expressed luxuriösen safari - tourism inDelta and prevents thereby the negative effects of a ungezügelten mass tourism.

The largest part of the Kalahari against it becomes particularly from special dune and desert grasses, in addition, from high-increasing acacias - trees, which determine with their long roots at the low-lying, but plentifully existing water veins to arrive.

The Kalahari is that of retreat - and today main settlement area of the San, well-known with us still frequently as shrub men or shrub people. This kleinwüchsige people is considered - together with the Damara - as the first settlement people in this region and was up to 16. Century inall countries southern Africa resident. In the context of the African people migration however bantustämmige peoples pursued and led with support at the cape of the residents European a merciless destruction campaign against the San. The survivors fled into the life-hostile Kalahari and learned themselves, at of them extremely difficultTo adapt living conditions. The San is organized in families and lives as nomadische hunters and collecting tanks of the plentiful game existence of the Kalahari and the fruits occurring here and roots. They refer and harvest water from water-storing plants rope. The thirst-deleting, after cucumber and melon tasting fruit Kiwano is a further food possibility. Few the money (currency: Namibia dollar (N$) and/or. South African edge (R)), which they need, the San earns itself in addition by careful Abernten Rooibu, in Europe, preferably Germany, becoming dte is increasingly popular, which is inexpensive available (in South Africa is professionally cultivated and driven out the Rooibusch in the province north cape).

When leftover forms once very many far common cultures the language of the San its own Khoisan language, itself - particularly by the use of snapping sounds, which cause „a snapping “for the tongue- differentiates of those of its neighbours, that speak Bantusprachen, not however too much of the Xhosas.

The San does not know a private property; this and those century for a long time separatingness of the remainder of the world make very heavy it for the San to find connection to the materialistically determined modern times.The resettlement and established making attempts made from the Botswana government to the protection the Kalahari national park because of the tough resistance of the San failed as far as possible. Also their integration into the tourism is extraordinarily difficult, because of the very different value conceptions.

climate

the Kalahari lies in onecontinental arid climate zone. Them are marked by long dry periods by irregular summer rainfalls between Decembers and February, high, usually over 30° Celsius lying daytime temperatures and to night temperatures handing under 0° Celsius - particularly in the African winter. The dryness is based to 20 on the situation between that.and 30. southern degree of latitude. Exactly the same as within the same northern range air masses are forced to descend off the Urpassat coming. This causes an increasing heating up of air masses, whereby the relative air humidity decreases and it comes to dry, clear climate conditions.


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