as combat art one designates each system, which and techniques of the physical argument with an opponent formalizes talents. It can concern sets of rules or instruction ssysteme.
Table of contents
development and motives of the combat art practice
traditional combat arts with the goal were often developed, thoseTo prepare exercising one for military combat missions. Therefore in many traditional combat arts weapons and also unarmed disciplines are taught. For example also handling more highly developed weapons in certain traditions was strongly formalized (for example in the Japanese Kyūjutsu, Kenjutsu). In all combat arts - not to confound with kinds of combat haven - large weight is put on the charakterliche development of the practicing. They develop only from learning genuine use of force away, to ritual practices, also the self perfectionserve.
Modern combat arts, as well as modern interpretations of the traditional teachings, are exercised particularly with the goal of physical training as well as self-defense. Here also the victory partly stands in the match as final goal in the foreground. Here an indistinct transition resultsto the term of the combat haven, to whose main motives the individual victory belongs in matches and tournaments. Herein the main distinction characteristic lies between combat haven and combat art: In the first case practice for training, match participation and self-defense, in latter development of a purer, higher personalityas well as self-defense (see also Bushidō).
the term element fight can accept everyone of the meanings, which are connected with the master word depending upon tradition and motive (see fight). Art is as ability to understand talent (inContrast to aesthetic work; see art). Therefore the term appears combat art as adequate translation of latin of term of “acre Martialis” (the art Mars, which was with the Romans the war God). This term has introduction in little modified form inmany new languages held (“Martial kind” (English), “kind Martiaux” (franz.), “Artes of marciales” (splinter) or “Arti Di Martial” (ital.)).
combat arts after cultural/geographical origin
of combat arts developed everywhere, where humans had arguments with other humans. The oldest traditionsare in south, southeast and Eastern Asia. The combat arts coming from there are particularly strongly ritualisiert and connected with philosophical and religious thinking and acting. This stands in connection with a introspektiven dominating in these parts of the world World view.
In the western culture the attention of humans was directed since age ago more strongly toward the external world and the feasible. So it is to be explained that in Europe highly developed weapons (in particular firearms) developed, but no comparable combat art tradition. In Europethe fight in the war as weapon handicraft or as combat rings designation at the earliest to be able the three olympic disciplines boxes, rings and Pankration in the antique Greece, as well as the knight medals of the Middle Ages with their codes of ethics as appropriate beginnings to be rated.
- Europa: Fence, rings, elbow shooting
- Germany: Esdo, Ju-Jutsu, IFCM, Taekido, Weapon Defense system, decaying Self Defence,
- Ireland: Bata (ask-air-asking air eight or Uisce Beatha BataRince), cash knuckle
- England, Grossbritanien: English boxes, rings Corno breton, Defendu, cash knuckle
- Finland: MilFight
- France: Savate, la Canne, le Baton
- Greece: Pale (ring fight), Pankration, fist-fight
- Hungary: Baranta, Boell on, Lovasíjászat
- Norway: Stav
- Poland: Combat 56, Kempo Tai Jutsu
- Portugal: Jogo DO pau
- Russia: Sambo, Systema,
- Switzerland: Rockers
- Spain: Zipota, Juego del Palo
- The USA: Kickboxen, American Kenpo, Jeet Kune DO, Kajukenbo, Wun Hop Kuen DO
- Brazil: Capoeira, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, Luta livre, Vale tudo
- Chile: Cai Ten
- China: List of the Chinese combat art styles
- Mongolia : Mongolian struggle (Böke), elbow shooting (styles: Khalkha, Buryat, Uryankhai)
- Tibet:Simhanada Vajramukti /Lama Pai (Lions Roar), Tescao
- Korea: Hwarang DO, Taekwondo, seaweed Soo DO, Taekkyon, Subak (Sub Yop Chigi), Hapkido, Gumdo, Kyeoktooki, Kuksoolwon, elbow shooting (Goong DO), Sonmudo /Bulmudo
- Japan: Aikido, Aikijutsu, Iaido/Iaijutsu, Jodo, Jūdō, Jiu Jitsu/Ju-Jutsu, Jukendo/Jukenjutsu, Kendo/Kenjutsu, Kobudo, Kyudo/Kyujutsu, Naginatado/Naginatajutsu, Nanbudo, Ninjutsu /Ninpo, Shorinji kempo, Sojutsu, Taijutsu, Kenpo, Japanese of carats
south Southeast Asia:
- Kambodscha: Kbach Kun Pradal Khmer/Pradal Serey
- the Philippines: Arnis, Eskrima, potash (potash Silat, Pekiti Tirsia potash, Arnis de mano, Estocada,Pagkalikali), Kuntao
- Sri Lanka: Angampora, Chinadi
- Laos Muay Lao
- Viet Nam: CO-Vô-Dao, Vo Thuat, Viet Vo Dao (越武道), Vovinam, Qwan AI DO (Quan Khi Dao), Han bay, Thanh Long , Viet Vu Dao, Tran Minh Long, Nguyen Trung Hoa, Binh Dinh (Tay Son) (平定), Kim Ke, Cuong Nhu, Yong Chun
Anterior Asia central Asia:
- Persia: Varzesh e pahlavani, Kutaeka DO, Kung Fu Toa
- central Asia: Kurasch/Kuresch/Goresch
- Florian Markowetz and Uschi fitter Nathusius: Combat art as life way. Werner Kritzkeitz publishing house, ISBN 3-932337-14-X
Web on the left of
- www.ArsMartialis.de combat art and combat haven from view of the science
- http://www.budoszene.com combat haven combat art portal
- article “fight of the life” - combat art and philosophy