Canton Basel city
|canton Basel city|
|surface:|| 37 km ²|
|inhabitants:|| 186 ' 700 (2004)|
|population density:|| 5 ' 046 Einw. /km ²|
|entry to the confederation:||1501|
|Website:||Canton Basel city|
the canton Basel city (French Bâle Ville, Italian Basilea Città, rätoromanisch Basilea Citad, English Basel town center) is the surface-moderately smallest and at the same time most closely settled canton of Switzerland. It lies in the northwest of the country and consists of the city Basel as well as thatMunicipalities Riehen and Bettingen.
Table of contents
Basel city is a half canton in the northwest of Switzerland. Surface-moderately it is the smallest canton, from the number of inhabitants reserves it seat 14 by 26. It covers the city Baseland two adjacent municipalities north the Rhine. In addition the former fishing village Kleinhüningen belongs with three-landhits a corner to the city.
Basel is because of the knee of the Rhine so mentioned, where the beer victory flows to these into the Rhine and its direction of flow of the west towardThe north changes. The knee of the Rhine forms the southern end of the lowlandses of the Upper Rhine. In addition the two land municipalities Riehen and Bettingen come. Riehen extends along the meadow valley and has about 21,000 inhabitants. Bettingen is divided into the localities “Bettingen village” and“Pc. Chrischona “, has 1,200 inhabitants and lies on a hill, their most salient point the TV tower pc. Chrischona is.
approximately 55 ' 000 foreigners, which corresponds to a portion of approximately 30%, live population in the canton.
- Swiss (71.9%)
- Persons from the former Yugoslavia (5.9%)
- Italian (5.3%)
- Turk (4.4%)
- German (3.4%)
- Spaniard (2.1%)
- Portuguese (0.8%)
- Frenchman (0.5%)
- other (5.7%)
the parliament of the canton calls itself “large advice” and covers 130 members.The office period amounts to four years. The current legislative period lasts to in the middle of February 2008.
The large advice has at present the following parliamentary groups (sizes 2000; 1996):
- FR - 46 (39; 39) Mandates
- FDP - 18 (18; 17) Mandates
- green alliance (the Green + BastA)- 16 (12; 20) Mandates
- SVP - 15 (14; 3) Mandates
- LDP - 12 (16; 14) Mandates
- CVP - 11 (14; 13) Mandates
- DSP - 6 (6; 10) Mandates
- VEW - 6 (6; 6) Mandates
- SD - 0 (5; 8) Mandates
the government advice consists of the following seven members. Since the elections 2004 Basel is governed by a left-green majority.
- Carlo Conti (CVP),Medical section (SD)
- Christoph Eymann (LDP), educating section (OD)
- Hanspeter Gass (FDP), safety section (simmer)
- EH duke (FR), fiscal department (FD)
- Ralph Lewin (FR), economics and social section (WSD)
- Guy morin (green alliance), chiefs law section (JD)
- of the Barbara cutter (FR), building section (BD)
highest court instance in Basel city is the court of appeal. As the highest court the court of appeal practices the supervision over the erstinstanzlichen courts. In addition the court of appeal is kantonales Administrative Court. Are subordinated to the court of appeal the civil court, the criminal court, the youth criminal court and the social security court.
in former times was Basel a left (above all social-democratic) center, it of the “red Basel” was therefore spoken, in which time of the cold war was Basel however civil governed. With the elections to the national council in the year 2003 those reachedLink in Basel city (as only Swiss canton) the majority of the voices, and the kantonalen elections 2004 were likewise won by that linking.
The canton Basel city is the only German-Swiss canton, in that the right liberal liberal a party of Switzerland (LPS, in Basel LDP) an important role plays, it is considered there as „Daig “(elite) - to a party.
pharmaceutical industry, chemical industry, trade
important companies with seat in Basel are: Novartis, Ciba speciality chemistry AG, Lonza, Roche. The Rhine harbour Basel is an important place of transshipment in the trade European Union/Switzerland, since the Rhine is not passable above Basel any more for the large Rhine ships.
- three-landhit a corner Germany France Switzerland
- Basler chamfering night
- Basler Münster
- architecture (important architects)
- art (world-famousExhibitions, KIND, Beyeler, Tinguely etc.)
- antiques (Egypt exhibition 2004)
- fair city
- Basler Läckerli
- TV tower pc. Chrischona
- Basler museums
Basel is spider of the traffic north south of France and Germany by Switzerland. The motorway A3from France arrives to the so-called east tangent, which leads the traffic of Germany by the city direction the south via north tangent at the urban motorway a2. Outside of the city on it the two branches separate again. The a2 continue to lead to the God hard and/or. to Berne and the A3 to Zurich.
the binational airport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg (euro air haven) is completely on French territory, is however into a French and a Swiss sector divided. The latter is alsoa tariff-technically exterritorialen road, a so-called duty-free road, with which Switzerland connected, which begins under the name “airport route” in Basel.
the canton Basel city possesses three international stations. Swiss station Basel SBB and the French station Basel SNCF both are in a building, south city centre on Grossbasler side. Who wants of Swiss station to the French station, a customs border must happen. The station of Baden operated by the German course is on Kleinbasler side andis likewise tariff-technically separate from Switzerland. This station is used particularly by travelers from Germany, who between high Rhine distance, meadow valley line and upper Rhine region to transfer and Swiss areas to happen have.
The moreover four local railway yards exist. Pc. Jakob is onthe Bözberglinie and/or. Striking stone line after Muttenz; so far however courses hold here only with large events in the pc. Jakob park. The station Dreispitz at the law LINE is presumably opened to direction beer victory valley in May 2006 and is the station SBB von Pendlerströmen above allrelieve.
The stations pc. have a similar status as that of the station of Baden. Johann at the SNCF - distance after Mulhouse and Riehen at the German meadow valley line. Both stations are on Swiss territory, are however tariff-technically French and/or. GermanTerritory.
also over the river Rhine is Basel attached to the remainder of Switzerland and the neighboring countries. Thus the navigation company Basel drives on the Rhine up after Rheinfelden. Basel is at the same time the home port of various shipping companies, whichoffer from here from cruises on the Rhine as well as to the Main and for the Mosel.
An important supporting column of Swiss economics is the Basler Rhine navigation with its Rhine harbours Kleinhüningen, pc. Johann andBirsfelden.
into the 1990ern was reformed the entire public educational system. The two-year kindergarten is mandatory since August 2005. The official school time begins at the age of 7 years. As a function of the exact date of birth the first day at school can overone year to be shifted out.
Expiration of the school
|OS (orientation school)||3 years||E (extended) and G (reason) level in the specialities mathematics, German and French starting from 3. Year||notreached exceeded all||High School|
|does not reach||5 years||notes||crossing decision of the OS or examination|
|WBS (training further school)||2 years||organization into level classes: A-course (basic requirements) or E-course (extended requirements)||notes||everything, those not in the High School goes|
the canton Basel city within its current borders developed 1833, as itself from the canton at that time Basel the today's canton Basel landscape in the context of the Basler canton division (S. there) split off. Basel city does not have this separation until todayin his condition accepted, but on a new condition one works at present.
the city canton consists
of the canton Basel city since the separation from Basel landscape only of 3 municipalities, those not into districts dividedwill must:
|Wikinews: Basel city - current message|
Web on the left of
- official Website of the canton Basel city
- mybasel.ch - city portal
- Official city plan
- BVB/Tram timetable
- Basler weather
- university library Basel
- official statistics
- article Basel (canton) in the historical encyclopedia of Switzerland
- article Basel (- city) in the historical encyclopedia of Switzerland
- archaeological soil research of the canton Basel city
Aargau | Appenzell Ausserrhoden | Appenzell Innerrhoden | Basel landscape | Basel city | Berne | Fribourg | Geneva | Glarus | Grey federations | Law | Luzern | New castle | Nidwalden | Obwalden | Create-live | Schwyz | Solothurn | Pc. Gallen | Tessin | Thurgau | Uri | Waadt | Whale-read | Course | Zurich