|surface:|| 282 km ²|
|inhabitants:|| 441 ' 000 (2005)|
|population density:|| 1 ' 520 Einw. /km ²|
|entry to the confederation:||1815|
Hymn: Cé qu'è lainô
table of contents
the canton Geneva is througha high foreigner portion of 38.7% of the population (2004) respectively 44,7% of the persons employed (2001) characterized. That is twice as much like Swiss average. 180 nationalities are represented, but the majority (75%) the foreigner originates from Europe, primarily south Europe.
religions - denominations
1815 ago the areas already belonging to Geneva are traditionally reformed, those at the Viennese congress attached, before times French and savoiardischen traditionally catholic. Due to strong Zuwanderung from Swiss mountain regions and from south Europe is the cantontoday by the majority catholic.State and church are separate according to French model.
legislative authority is the large one Advice (Grand Conseil). It has 100 members (grand councils), that are selected from the people to elections on the basis of proportional representation right for a firm term of office of four years.
The composition is the following:
7,000 voters have thatTo require quite that a law issued by the large advice is subjected to the popular vote. 10.000 voters can suggest even a law.
implementing authority is the Council of State (Conseil d'Etat). It consists those of 7 members (Councils of State), from the people to Mehrheitswahlrecht fora firm term of office by likewise four years to be selected. The Council of State selects its chairman every year from its center.
of courts are the Cour de justice, the Cour of d'assises, the Cour correctionnelle and the Cour de cassation. Administrative disputesjudges the tribunal administratif. Furthermore there are several special courts.
Geneva is seat of numerous international authorities, important bank and commercial town, has various industries and is congress center. Also the tourism has an important value.
city and canton are national and internationally in the best way opened: second largest airport of Switzerland (Genève Cointrin), connection to the French high-speed traction network (TGV), motorway Lyon Berne. The long time neglected regional public traffic by means of the renewed development before of the strongly reduced streetcar net again strongly is at present promoted.
the canton Geneva became 1815 from the city Geneva, their subject areas as well as it by the Viennese congress awarded formerly French and savoyardischen territories (z. B. City Carouge) in an educated manner; to history up to then see the article Geneva. The aristokratische regime held itselffurther, why Geneva remained neutral in the special federation war. Still in the same year 1847 the political reversal took place; Geneva gave itself a new canton condition and agreed 1848 of the new Swiss Federal Constitution . Since that time it belongs to the liberals cantons of Switzerland.
See also: History of the canton Geneva
cities and places
largest one of places(conditions: 31. December 2005)
|Bernex||9 ' 379|
|Carouge||18 ' 987|
|Chêne Bougeries||10 ' 144|
|Chêne Bourg||7 ' 808|
|Collonge Bellerive||7 ' 010|
|Geneva||185 ' 028|
|Lancy||27 ' 111|
|Le Grand Saconnex||9 ' 879|
|Meyrin||20 ' 642|
|Onex||17 ' 357|
|plan les Ouates||8 ' 841|
|Thônex||13 ' 231|
|Vernier||31 ' 130|
|Versoix||11 ' 920|
|Veyrier||9 ' 580|
that Geneva canton areas is divided into 45 municipalities, whose autonomy is only small as common in French Switzerland meanwhile.
See also: Municipalities of the canton Geneva
the canton knowsno organization into districts.
Web on the left of
- official Website of the canton Geneva (French)
- official statistics
- article Geneva (canton) in the historical encyclopedia of Switzerland
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